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环博足球现金【hpapro.com】为您提供集团最新官方网站,更高级的VIP服务体验,更多的优惠活动,更快速的存取款时间,专属美女客服一对一服务,赶快注册游戏吧。北京裁倩美容美发化妆学校(原扬州乌苫偬传媒广告有限公司)成立于1996年,占地面积21545平方米,248cc永利盘口开户其中生产厂房占地6575平方米,仓库面积占地4275平方米。固定资产5728万元,流动资产3308万元,干部职工共290人,工程技术人员19人。环博足球现金FanJianjunRecently,whetherChinahasenteredintotheeraof"highinflation""highinflation",,theviewpointof"Chinaenteringintoaneraofstructuralinflation"seemsmoreaccuratet(ConsumerPriceIndex)orPPI(ProducerPriceIndex).Certainly,commoditiesinthebasket,thenwecansayanoverallinflationhastakenplaceintheeconomy;iftheriseofthepriceindexistriggeredbytheriseofthepricesofatypeorseveraltypesofcommoditiesinthebasket,,theresultindicatesthattherearesimplytwotypesofinflationintheworld:;whereasbothgeneralizedandstructuralinflationsoccurinemergingeconomiesordevelopingcountries,roughlydividedintooverallpricerisepossiblyincurredbytheexcessiveexpansionoftheaggregatedemandorbyexcessissueofmoneyandtheoverallpricerisepossiblredbytheexcessiveexpansionofthenominalaggregatedemand,ortriggeredbyexcessissueofmoney,then,,,oneo%~70%andthefundsoutstandingforforeignexchangeconstituteabout30%~40%.Duetothebiggerratioofbankloan,thepeoplesbankusuallyreducesloanstocurbtheexcessiveexpansionofmoney,whilelittleattentionhasbeenpaidtothefundsoutstandingforforeignexchangeproportioning30%~40%.Theresultofsuchcontrolovertheaggregatedemandisthatalthoughthenominalaggregatedemandcanbecontainedtoacertainextent,thecontrolwillalsoseverelyimpairtheactualaggregatesupply--whichisthemajorissueexistinginChinaroduction,andthereductionofinvestmentsignifiesthedeteriorationofthefuturepotentialcapacityoftotalcommoditysupply,the,foracountrylikeChinawhosefundsoutstandingforforeignexchangearehandsome,ifthepriceriseistriggeredbytheexcessiveexpansionofthenominalaggregatedemand,thenthepolicyaimedatcontainingnominalaggregatedemandshouldbefocusedoncontrollingtheexcessivelyrapidgrowthoffsfamoussaying"inflationiswheneverandwhereveramonetaryphenomenon"iswidelyknowninChina,mostthinkinf,theChinesegovernmenthasalwayspaidmuchattentiontothecontrolovernominalaggregatedemand(namely,themoneysupply),timesincetheoutbreakofAsianfinancialcrisisin1997,exceptfortherapidgrowthofthebroadmoneyM2in2009forthereasonofaddressingtheglobalfinancialcrisis,theM2growthinotheryearshasallbeencontrolledunder20%(15%~16%inmostoftheyears).ForChina,acountryundergoingitseconomictransformationandwithitsaverageeconomicgrowthratereachingmorethan10%,scontroloverthenominalaggregatedemand(moneysupply)hasbeengenerallysuccessfulinrecenttenyears,Chin(nominalaggregatedemand),butitalsorelatestocommodities(actualaggregatesupply),andthatwhenexcessmoneychasesafterlimitednumberofcommodities,"inflationiswheneverandwhereveramonetaryphenomenon"iscorrectinitself,,theChinesegovernment,whenimplementingcontroloverinflation,haspaidtoomuchattentiontothecontrolovernominalaggregatedemandormoneysupply,withlittleattentionpaidtothecontroloveractualaggregatesupply——Chinasmacroeconomicpolicyhasevenbeenlittleorientedtowardthecontroloveraggregatesupply,whereasproblemsexistingincontrolove,evenifthenominalaggregatedemandremainsstable,relatedtoimpropercontroloveraggregatesupply(ratherthanimpropermonetarycontrol),itscommoditysupplycomesfromtwosources:domesticproductionandnetimportsfromoverseas(whichmightbenegative).Therefore,controloveraggregatesupplyshouldincludetheaforesaidtwoaspects.ByTianJietang,ResearchTeamof"TransformingGrowthModelthroughTechnologicalAdvanceandInnovation",DepartmentofTechno-EconomicsResearchofDRCResearchReportNo205,2010ChinassoftwareindustryinrecentyearshasbeendevelopingexceptionallyfastandplayingimportantrolesinChina,thisindustrysdevelopmentalsoplaysirreplaceablerolesinenhancingindustrialinformatizationasElectronicInformationIndustryDuetotheimpactoftheinternationalfinancialcrisis,Chinaselectronicinformationindustryin2009metdifficultiesindevelop%to5,%to2,,China%%%industrialshare,thesoftwareindustryhasbecomethemostpowerfwthIn2009,,%%sservicetradeexportpostedadramaticdecline,its,up35%,a10,000-square-meterlandspacecanattract1,000softwareengineersinindustrialbuildingsorinstandardpla,,whichisequivnassoftwarei,,theaverageprofitrateofChinassoftwareenterprisesisonly7%~8%,whichisfarlowerthanthe20%,thecorebusinessrevenueoflistedenterprisesaccountsforonly10%~15%ssoftwareserviceindustryasawholeis20%,whichisalsofarlowerthanthe40%profitrateinsomecountrieswheresoftwareindustryismature(quotedfromInvestinSoftwareIndustryWhenProspectsAreGoods,ChinaGuoxinWeeklyonTechnologicalIndustry,2008,9,1).TheInternationalDataCorporation(IDC),thesecondstageprojectmanagement,the,China,,andnearly70%~(IDC,WhitepaperonSoftwareCompanyGrowthRoadmap,2008,9).dustryCloudcomputingwillchange,itbreaksthetemporala,storage,broadban,theratioofasinglecomputerssystemsoftwareandintermediarycomponentsc,"cloudcomputing"service,sInnovationandDevelopmentChina,,,thegovernmentdepartmentshaveinTheresearchanddevelopmentofbasicsoftwareproducts,includingbothcoretechnologiesandsomekeygenerictechnologies,,i,theStateCouncilpromulgatedtheNationalPlanfortheLongandMedium-TermDevelopmentofScienceandTechnology2006~"coreelectroniccomponents,high-endgeneralchipsandbasicsoftwareproducts"asoneofthe16majorresearchprojectsandenvisagedhea,,,ownedorsupportedbygovernmentdepartments,,whichhavebeentransformedintoenterprises,,,manyalliances,establishedwithgovernmentsupport,yImplementedChinasregiopatentedsoftware,insupportoftheNationalProgramontheLongandMedium-TermDevelopmentofScienceandTechnology2006~%respondentsbelievegovernmentprocurementpolicyhasbeenfullyimplemented,%believethepolicyisnottrulyimplemented,%eignproducts;somegovernmentsareslowinupdatingprocurementcataloguesandunabletokeepupwiththelatestmarketinformationaboutproductqualityandprices;,,corporatelitigationcostsareveryhigh,,theoutsourcingofinformationandbusinesshts,customersare,andgovernmentdepartmentsfaincernandfearaboutbusinessoutsourcingandimpededthedevelopmentofthesoftwareindustry....Ifyouneedthefullcontext,pleaseleaveamessageonthewebsite.。

    ByLiuYong,DepartmentofDevelopmentStrategyandRegionalEconomyofDRCResearchReportNo14,2013(Total4263)In2011,regionaleconomicgrowthdeclinedatlargeinChina,andinmostregionstheecono,economiesofvariousprovinces,%(aweightedaverageasperGRP),();GRPofvariousprovinces,();thepercapitaGRPofvariousprovinces,regionsandmunicipalitiescametoatotalof38,777yuan(being3,680yuanhigherthanthenationalstatistics).FollowingistheanalysisofChinasregionaleconomicdevelopmentpattern,,anoverviewofregionaleconomicdevelopmentinChinaindicatedthateconomicgrowthinChinascentralandwesternregionswasfasterthanthatintheeasternregion,thefocusofregionaleconomicgrowthandaggregatemovedwestwardcontinuously,therelativeregionalgapcontinuedtoshrinka,becosregionaleconomicgrowthwascharacterizedbythefactthateconomicgrowthwasfasterincentralandwesternregions,butslowerintheeasternregionsofChinawhilethefarwesternregion,themiddleandupperreachesoftheYangtzeRiverandTianjinwitnessedthefastestgrowthByregion,economicgrowthofChinascentralandwesternregionssurpassedthatofeastChinain5yearsrunningby2011andthesurpassinggrowthcontinuedtoenlarge,;thefarwesternregionsawafastergrowththanthegrandcentralregion,formingagainasequencingoffarwesternregion,grandcentralregionandneweasternregion,andthegroactonChinaseasternregion,andthatthecentralgovernmentsintensifyingin"7+1"integratedeconomicareasthatregionswhereeconomicgrowthisfasterthantheaverageofallprovincesandregionsareinturnthemiddleandupperreachesoftheYangtzeRiver,thefarwesternregion,themiddleandupperreachesofthePearlRiver,thenortheasternregionandthemiddleandupperreachesoftheYellowRiverand,regionswhereeconomicgrowthisslowerthantheaverageofallprovincesandregionsareinturnthecoastalareasofeastChina,forChinaandproducedahugeimpactonChina,amongothers,havebeenworsthitbythecrisis(coastalareasofsoutheastChinawereworsthitin2008).(SeeTable1).Table1 PatternandChangeoftheMacroeconomicandIntegratedEconomicAreasduring2002~2011ByXiaBin,ResearchInstituteofFinanceoftheDRCResearchReportNo130,arandthebeginningof2010,underthepressureofexcessmoneysupplyathome,therealestatepricessurgedup,thesystematiclocaldebtrisksbecameconspicuous,qualityofbankassetswas,itisimmi,thegov,%%inthesecond,,accordingtopredictionsbymanyinstitutions,GDPgrowthwillcontinuetodeclineduringthethirdandfourthquartersandislikelytogodowntolessthan9%,,presentingagrowth-declinetrendItisattributabletothegrowthbaseoflastyearandismainlyasaresultformancetobecomestablewithinashortperiodoftime,namelytherealestatepolicy,therectificationoflocalfinancingplatf,,afactorthatcannotbeneglectedisthatthenewloanmanagementmodelof"ThreeMeasuresandOneGuidance"enactedbyChinaBankingRegulatoryCommissionhasevidentlyreducedthederivedfactor,thusplayingtheroleasdoesthe,intermsoffutureeconomicperformance,despitethequarterlyslowdownandthegrowthfollowedbydeclinetrend,thepredictionmadebyalargenumberofChineseandforeigninstitutionsoverthepreviousperiodoftimeisthattheeconomicgrowthforthewholeyearwillstillbeabletoremainbetween9%~10%(%%byOECD).CPIwillrisetoitsmaximuminthethirdquarter,~,thusafailureofcontrolwillnotappear(Recently,someinstitutions,suchasGoldmanSachsGroup,aregraduallybringingdowntheirCPIpredictiveindicatorsforthewholeyear).Itshouldbementionedthatthepresentdevelopmenttrendisapositiveresultofthe,reflectingthechangeofthemo,nextyeartheyear,theeconomicfailurewillbelittlepossibleonthewholeduringthisyear,whichhasrelativelyprovidedarare,policiesforthelatterhalfoftheyearshouldstillbefocusedonthemacro-controlmeasuresimplementedduringthefirsthalfandontheprincipleof"continuity,stability,flexibilityandpertinence"putforw,closeattentionshouldbepaidtothechangeofsituationandtherhythmandintensityofmacro-controlshouldbehandledproperlytocontinuallyadvancethechangeofthemodeofeconomicdevelop,%,thecentralbankinthebegi,%.Sucharateofincrease,asitshows,isnotslowandthemonetarypolicyismoderatelyeasy,becauseduringthe5yearsfrom2004~2008,GDPunde%.IftheGDPgrowthratereaches9%orsothisyear,thegrowthrateofloanswillbefiv,eformof"bank-trustco-operation",thefinancialvolumethrough"bank-trustco-operation",wemustexercisesupervisionoversuchcooperation,becausewehavehadpenedinpreviousyearsresultedallfromthenegligenceofthemarketfig,,toguardagainsttheunnecessaryadverseimpactcausedbytheonce-and-for-allincreaseofinterestratesonthemarketduringthedownturnoftheeconomicgrowth,wecannotdobetterthanboosttheinterestrateliberalizationatthisfavorablemomenttobringupthedepositratestoamoderatelevel(Banksarevirtuallybringinguptheratesindisguisedform).Inviewoftheexchangeratepolicy,responseshavecomefavorablyfromhome,weshouldputintopracticetheofficiallyclaimedreformoftheexchangeratesystemaccordingtorelevantplanningaftermakingpropertransewholeaswellasfavorthesteadydevelopmentofChina’sforeigntradeandthegradualadvancementofitsstructuraladjustment.10-200米XiaoJunyanChinahasscoredth~2010period,grainoutputincreasedatanaverageannualrateof3%,grainoutputstayedabovethe500-billion-kilogramlevelforfourconsecutiveyears,sfoodsecurity,namelyfragilebalance,forcedbalanceandstrainedbalance(orthreeweaknessesforshort),"landfinance"pressureonregionalgovernments,themushroomingofruralhouseswithlimitedpropertyrights,theaggravationoffarmlanddegradationandpollution,thedeclineinagriculturallaborquality,,the"threeweaknesses"ofChinasfoodsecuritywillbecomeevenmoreprominentifChinafailstomakecorrectstrategicadjustments,offerstrongpolicysupport,,theshortageofwaterresourcesandthedeclineinfarmlandquantityandqualitywillhaveaseriousimpactonChinasFoodSecurityinPastDecadeForlong,poornaturalendowmentandhugepopulationhaveledtothe"threeweaknesses"ofChina,,forcedbalancereferstoincreasedeconomicandsocialinputsandstronggovernmentadministration,andstsupplyanddemand,withasmallsurplus,,however,importedgrainhasclaimedarisingproportioninChinas95%"threeweaknesses"ofChina,whiletotalgrainoutputincreasedforsevenyearsinarowforthefirsttime,th,Chinasgrainimport,mainlysoybean,becameanindispensablecomponentrelatedtoChina,Chinasgrainimportapproached10~20milliontonsonlyinfourseparatedyears,~2010period,however,Chinasnetannualgrainimpo,importedgrain,mainlysoybean,%ofChina,importsubstitutionhasbeenprominentinChina,Chinasgrainreservewasequivalenttoabout40%ofitstotalannualconsumption,whichwasfarhigherthanthe18%,grainreserveisamulti-yearaccumulationofgrainsurplus,~2008periodwasdeducted,,whichwasequivalenttoonlyabout10%,mass"landimport",Chinasoilseed-growingacreageisabout200millionmu(15mumakeonehectare),whichisfaroutnumberedbyt,thegrowingacreageofannualsoybeanimportexpandedfrom100millionmuto442millionmuduringthe2001~%ofChina,theimportofediblevegetableoil,whichhasacloserelationshipwithgrainsubstitutionhasrisensharply,fromlessthan2milliontonstoover9milliontonsinthe2000~,theaverageannualimportduringthe2007~2010periodwasabout8milliontons,accountingforabout40%ofChina,itequalstoanimportofover40milliontonsofsoybean,,Chinasrisingdependence,,itisanindicationthattheriseindomesticgrently,Chinaspercapitagrainconsumptionis395kilogramsandishighlylikelytoreach410~sconsumptionofmajorfooditemsh,theruralleveloffoodconsumptionisfarlowerthantheurbanlevel,withtheruralspendingonfood,meat,poultry,,ndassumingtheruralconsumptionofanimalfooditemswillreach70%oftheurbanlevelby2020,endingonhousing,medicalcareandeducation,eachpersoninChinawillconsumeanadditional15~~415kilogramsofgrain,thetotalgraindemandwillreach585~592billionkilogramsby2020(includingdirectfoodconsumption,feedconsumption,industrialconsumption,andseeds).。

    澳门新濠城AG灵猴献瑞ByWeiJigang,ResearchDepartmentofIndustrialEconomyofDRCResearchReportNo47,2013(Total4296),butnotyetapowerfulcountryintermsoflogisticindustryLogisticindustryhasbecomeapillarindustryofthenationaleconomyandanimportantmodernserviceindustryafteroverthirtyyear,,%%,,,,,(standardcontaineroftwentyfootequivalentunit).,amongwhichrailwaygoodsdeliveryvolume,railwaygoodsturnovervolume,porthandlingcapacityandcontainerhandlingcapacityallrankedthefirstplaceintheworld,,,,amongwhichexpresswaywas96,000kilometer;theoperationalmileageofnationalrailwayswas98,000kilometer;innerhigh-gradewaterwaywas130,000kilometerandthemileageopentotrafficwas125,000kilometerwith1,819berthsabove10,000tonsand1,980deepwaterberthsatcostalports;(LPI)oftheWorldBank,ChinarunsaheadofotherBRICScountriesorotherAsi,Chinesel,Chinalogisticexpensestook18%inGDP,,internationallogisticenterprisesbegantoenterChina,internationallogisticenterprisesincludingFedEx,DHL,TNT,saccessiontotheWTO,,foreigncompaniescanestablishtheirownd,capital,technologiesandmanagements,internationallogisticenterpriseshavebeentransferringfromJVstowhollyforeign-ownedcompanies,fromasinglebusinesstocomprehensivelogisticbusinesses,fromfocusingonce,FedExsetupanAsianPacifictransithubatBaiyunAirportinGuangzhou;UPSsetupairtransithubinHongKong,ShanghaiandShenzhen;TNTsetupminitrans-shipmenthubinShanghai,BeijingandHongKong;oonomy,productivity,infrastructure,marketization,levelofinformationanddemands,logisticindustrydevelopsfastintheeasternregionbutslowlyinthecentralandwesternregions,,thepercentagesofexpressbusinessincomeintheeastern,%,%%%,%%.Logisticcompanies,facilitiesandactivitiesmostlycentralizedinlarg,thepercentageoftotallogisticamoun%%elopment,industrylogistinandhighdemandsontechnologiessuchashomeappliance,dailychemicalindustry,tobacco,medicine,automobile,chainretailande-commercehaveastrongdemandonlogisticswhilecapital-intensiveagriculturalproductsontheupstreamofindustrychainandbulkcommoditiesincludingagriculturecapital,steel,,logisticsystemandnetworkareunderdeveloped,mostofthemarescatteredanivetransportationhubconstruction,differenttransportationmethodscannotcooperateorconnectwitheachreasonablyandefficiently;costalandinlandtrafficsystemshavenotbeencoordinatedwitheachother,andinformationbetweenvarioustransportationmethodsarenotshared,thuslea%(whilethatindevelopedcountrieshasbeenupto20%).Logisticparksandlogistichubshavebeenbuiltinsomecitiesblindlyandsomeareleftinidle;Warehousingfacilitiesarescatteredindifferentindustriesanddepartmentswithoutanefficientresourcereassignment;palletstandardsarenotunified,impedingtheconsistentperformance;strongregionalprotectionanddepartmentsegmentationaswellasissuesrelatedtoindustryandcommerce,tax,landandtransportationsdepartme,astandardsupernatompliancewithrelevantregulationsandtheylackserviceconsciousness,,,,organization,,,aviation,railwayandwaterwayallfaceprominentproblemssuchasconsumptionofresources,,irrationaltraffic,andexcessivepackagearesevere;majorpersonalsafetyandgoodsdamageincidentsduetooverloadoroverspeedoccurfrequently,causinggreatlossestocompaniesandthecountry.ByLiZhinengWangJicheng,DRCTaskForceonLaborShortageinEnterprisesinSpring2012,EnterpriseResearchInstituteofDRCOveraperiodoftimeaftertheSpringFestival(ChinasLunarNewYearwhichfallsonJanuary23,2012),manymassmediareportedthe"laborshortage"issueinsomelocalitiesandenterprises,whichdrewextensiveattentionofgovernmentaldepartmentsconcerned."Laborshortage"indicatestheovegdong,Zhejiang,Henan,Anhui,SichuanandShaanxiProvincestofindoutifthereisorwillreallybea"laborshortage",ReasonableandRelaxedwithaHighRateofReturntoJobs,WhichIsQuiteOppositetotheReported"LaborShortage"ZhejiangProvinceisstillfacingarecruitmentplightin2012,yetthetenselaboremploymenthasbeenalleviatedascomparedtothepreviousyear,andthelabor-starvedindustriesandtypesofworktallybasicallywiththeprovince,ahighrateofreturntojobshasbeenwitnessedamongwork,thesurveyof4,000smallandmedium-sizedenterprisesinYiwucitysuggeststhatinrecentyearsanaverageof65%ofveteranworkershavereturnedtofactoriesinYiwuandthenumberofnewworkersintroducedbyveteranworkersonlabormarketmadeupanother25%,leavingarelativelyreasonable10%,,,%ofthehome-returneesbeforetheSpringFestival,andtheti,therateofreturntojobsapproached90%.AftertheSpringFestival,therecruitmentisaimedatstaffsupplement,withtherecruitmen,employingworkerscautiouslya,themonitoringdataonlaboremploymentbyenterprisesofHenanProvincedemonstratethatthelaborshortageratewas18%,icipalitiesrevealthattherateofworkersreturntojobsexceeded70%,"recruitmentplight"ocialSecurityDepartmentamong10,654enterprisesin30state-andprovince-leveleconomican%%skeyenterprisesofelectricalhomeappliancesandfastmovingconsumergoodssawtheirratesofworkersreturntojobsaftertheSpringFestivalallexceeding90%and"enormousstaffinflowsandoutflows",GuangdongandAnhuiasaResultofEconomicGrowthSlowingDownandExportDecliningThefactthattheglobalfinancialcrisisisstillfarfromcomingto,theinternalresources,environmentalconstraintsandstructuralreadjustmentfacingChinaseconomicdevelopmenthaveallmadethedownturnofChinasGDPaverageannualgrowthrateinevitableduringthe12thFive-YearPlanperiodandareproducingachallengeto,smallandurgentordersareinlargenumber,,fromJanuary26toFebruary12,2012,,%,(February6),theprovincesstatisticalandsurveydepartmentr,tyear,suggestingthattheutilizationan,thenumberofnewlyincomingmigrantworkershasaccountedforonly5%orsoofallmigrantworkersintheprovince,beinglowerthanthelevelof10%sspeciallaboremploymentinvestigationdemonstratesthat3,966enterprisesintheprovinceareshortof50laborersormoreandtheyintendtorecruit245,000people,signifyingareductionof13,%.Labordemandonthehumanresourcesmarketisdecreasingaswellfromayearearlierandtheprincipalcauseisthatthepressureof,TransferwithinProvincesIsGrowingFast,theNumberofWorkersReturningHometownsforBusinessStartupandBackflowofSkilledWorkersHaveIncreased,yetOnlySomeNewly-increasedWorkersCanBeLocallyProvidedwithJobsAtpresent,,,,000everyyearduringthe12thFive-YearPlanperiod,whiletheprovincecanonlyprovide350,000jobs,an,Yulin,TongchuanandHabusinessstartupsintheirhometowns,entrepreneurshiptrainingandsuchpoliciesasgovernmentsupplyofsmallloansguarantees,thenumberofmigr,224,000farmershadgonebacktoShaanxitostartbusinessesandsetup98,000enterprises,providingjobsto595,,,,ysbeengrowingsince2001andthenumberincreasedto23millionin2011,,upby778,000,,down214,"NewAreasofSichuan",thekeyprojectsinChengduin2012wouldneed350,,,2millionpeopleincitiesandtownsoftheprovinceneedjobsandtherea,ononehand,thesituationofChinafacedwithapressureofitsaggregateemploymentvolumecontinuallyintensifyinghasbecomemoresevereandcomplicatedduringthe12thFive-YearPlanperiodand,ontheother,thelaborforcetransferandrivalryamongtheeastern,lusters,whilecentralandwesternregionstakeineasterncoastalregionwithinashortperiodoftimeintermsofrelativelyperfectinfrastructurefacilities,completeindustrialchains,betterlivinpacitiesincentralandwesternregionshasincreasedtheaggregatelabordemand,yetwhentakingovershiftedindustriesandenterprisesfromtheeasternregion,someprovincesandmunicipalitiesincentralabypresententerprisesandareunableatalltoabsorbtheworkingpopulationsqueezedoutfromtheeasternregioninaddressingthefinancialcrisisandexportdownturn.ByHanJun,CuiChuanyi,HeYupeng,QinZhongchunWangBinResearchReportNo105,idanceandservicetofarmer-workerstoworkinurbanareasandreasonablyguidefarmer-workworkinginurbanareasduringindustrializationupgradingbydevotingmajoreffortstodevelopingindustrialclusters,ructioninruralareas,facilitatetheshiftoflabor-intensiveindustriestocentralandwesternregions,promotestructuraladjustmentandindustrialupgradingamongtownshipenterprises,supportthegrowthofprocessingindustriesofagriculturalproducts,nurturenewsectorsofgrowthforruralserviceindustries,vigorouslydevelopleisureagriculture,ruraltourismandforesttourism,developruralrealestateandexpandspacefornon-agriculturalemploymeferentialmeasuresintermsofcredit,taxandlandtofarmer-workersforthemtostartbusinessesbackintheirhometownsandpromoteemploymentthroughbusinessstartuptobringalongtheshiftofrurallaborersandtoformasoundinteractionbetweenbo,simplifyexaminationandapprovalproceduresandprovide“one-stop-shop”servicestomakeitcometownsandusethefundsasloaninterestsubsidyforfarmer-workersdutilization,developtheconstructionofindustrialparksinlinewithlocalconditionedbythestateandlocalgovernmentstosupportthegrowthofsmallandmedium-sizedenterprises,non-publiceconomicserviceindustries,agriculturaldevelopment,processingindustriesofagriculturalproductsandhi-techenterprisesandcalloffbusinessadminister-workersStrengthengovernmentpublicemploymentinformationservices,advanceinformationlinkageamongpublicemploymentserviceinstitutionsinvariousprovinces,municipalitiesandregionsandbetweenpublicemploymentserviceinstitutionsininner-provincecities,countiesandtownships,strengthentheconstructionofinfrastructureforsocialsecurityandemploymentatgrassrootslevels,strengthentheconstructionofgovernmentpublicserviceinformationplatforms,enhancethegovernmentinformationreleasesystemonemploymentguidanceandguiderurallaborers,suchasemploymentguidance,skilltraining,servicesforbusinessstartup,protectionguidanceandeducationamongthechildren,nhancethecoordinationbetweengovernmentemploymentdepartmentsofplacestransmittingoracceptinglaborservicesandtoconductionwithallsectorsofthecommunitytojointlysetuppublicemploymentinformationserviceplatformsandprovidefarmer-workerswithemploymentserviceswiththeaidofmoderncommunication,eemploowardfarmer-workersPublicemploymentserviceagenciesatalllevelsshizetheexchangeandsharingofpublicemploymentserviceresources,towidenchannelsforfarmer-workerstofindjob,extendurbannetworkstowardtownshipsandadministrativevillagesandprovideemployingunitsandjob-matizationoflaborrecord,laborinspectionandmanagementoflabordisputemediationandarbitrationtoearnestlysafeguardfarmer-workersogiesChildrentoGotoSchoolandforFarmer-workerstoEnjoyMedicalCareandParticipateinSocialInsuranceandAcceleratetchildrentoreceivecompulsoryeducationAdheretotheprincipleofrelyingmainlyonpublicschoolsofplaceswheeivedbyfarmer-workerschildrenunderthepubliceducationsystemandrationallyplantheoverallarrangementsanddevelopmentoftheschoolsaccordingtothenumber,distributionandchangeoffarmer-workersdleandprimaryschoolstoprovidecompulsoryeducationtofarmer-workersnsinfullamounttopublicschoolstakinginfarmer-workerschildrenaccordineandadopteffectivemeasurestoimproveschoolconditionsinregionswherealargenumberoffarmer-workersareacceptedandeducationalresourcesareinsufficientandtheCentralTreasurywillrewardthoseprovfferedtoschoolsundercivilianauspicesthathavebeenentrustedbythegovernmentstoprovidecompulsoryeducationtochildrenofmigrants,financialsubsidieswillbeaddedtothepublicfundsofschoolsaccordingtothenumberofschoolstudentsandstudentsofschoolsundercivilianauspiceswillbeexemptedfrommiscellaneousfeesaccordingtothestandardratesforndschoolandresolutelycorrectsuchdiscriminatorypracticesascollectionofvarioussortsoffeesincludingtemporaryschoolingfeeandsponsorshipfromchildrenoffarmer-workers,soastoenabletheoverwhelmingmajorityoffarmer-workersmakeexplorationsaccordingtolocalconditionsintothecontinuouseducationtobeprovidedtofarmer-workersforhighschoolsandincollegeentranceexaminations,probeintomeasurestoseparatetheschoolrollfromthehouseholdregisterandletthechildrenoffarmer-workershavetherightstositforentranceexaminati,setupthetransferpaymentandsubsidysystemforprovidingcompulsoryeducationtochildrenofmigrantfarmer-workers,graduallyincreasesubsidiesprovidedbytheCentralTreasurytochildrenofmigrantsfortheireducation,stepuptheproportionoftheinvestmentfromtheCentralTreasuryincompulsoryeducationandconsolidatethesupporttoschoolsa,specifyresponsibilitiesofgovernmentsatalllevelsincompulsoryeducation,listthecompulsoryeducationfundsformigrantsincludingfarmer-workerschildrenasthebudgetaryeducationfundsofplaceswheremigrantsstay,appropriatepubliceducationfundsonanaveragebasistoschoolsaccordingtotheactualnumberofschoolstudentsandsetupthefundraisingandguaranteeingmechanismofcompulsoryeducationatroot.环博足球现金重合同守信誉企业市级明星企业,Note:Dishiddeninordernottodisclosethedataaboutspecificenterprises.*islowerthan500,:USBureauofEconomicAnalysis:http:///.eswhentheyinvestintheUnitedStates,largeChineseenterprisesspecializinginforeigntradeandindustrialtrade,,someenterprisesbegantopurchasethebrandsandmarketingchannels,computermakerLenovopurchasedthepersonalcomputerbusinessoftheIBM,andtheQinchuanMachinerypurchasedtheUnitedAmericanIndustries,,it,whenHaierestablishedplantsintheUnitedStates,itsstrategicgoalwastogainafootholdintheUnite,wh,computer,chemical,bio-pharmacy,veforresearch,developmentandinnovation,ithasattractedChine,LenovoestablishedaresearchanddevelopmentlaboratoryintheSiliconValleyin1992inordertoordertoboostitstechnologicalstrengthinthefieldsofopticaltransmission,,suchastheCITIC,theytransferredproduction,WanxiangGrouppurchasedtheUSSchelerCompanyinthebeginningofthiscenturyandthentransferredtheproductionofallSchelerproductstoitsfactoryinChina,whileusingtheSchelerbrandtosellthemintheUnitedStates.ByFengFei,,WangZhonghongZhangHongofDRCResearchReportNo66,sdevelopmentconcernsChinasjuvenilegrowthandcul,animationplaysanindispensablerole%%ofprimaryschoolstudentssaytheylikeJapanese,,therecentappearanceofpro-Koreanandpro-,itwillposeachallengetothei,animationcaninfluenceacountrysfuture,concerningthegrowthofthenextgenerationandthecountrysculturalsoftstrengthandoverallnationalstrengthCultura,viewingthedevelopmentofanimationindustryasastrategictasktoimproveitsnationalimage,Japanhad,inthisregard,,60%theworld,whichhaveenhancedJapan,imagesproducedbytheAmericanWaltDisneyCompany,,itundoubtneralpublicandespeciallyamongteenagers,animationisaneffectivewaytopresenttheChineseculturetotheworld,boostChinasculturalsoftstrength,sanimationindustryhasagoodmarketprospectandcanpromoterelatedindustriesandemploymentChina,largenumbersofadultscanalsobecomeconsumersofanimatedproductsasaresultofacceleratedliferhythm,sanimationindustrycangoabroad,,thetotalannualoutputvalueofChinasanimationindustryalonewillexceed160billionyuan,,,asmostofthehardwareequipmentandsoftdesignsforChinasanimationproductionoriginatefromdevelopedcountries,home-madetechnologiesansindustrialdesignInrecentyears,lowdesignlevelandweakdesigncapacityhavebecomeamajorbottlenecktoChinaseffort,ithasbeencloselylin,itcanfurtherpromotethedevelopmentandprogressofautoindustry,spaceindustry,otherindustriesandcityplanningandconstruction,sAnimationIndustryIsinCrucialPeriodforQualitativeElevationInrecentyears,Chinahrenceonthedevelopmentoftheanimationindustry,comprising10ministriesandcommissions,,includingBeijing,Shanghai,Hangzhou,ChangzhouandChangsha,,over70,473in2008,andtheannualoutputofanimatedproductsalsorosefrom12,000minutesin2003to130,,aproductionbytheOriginalPowerCultureCommunicationCo.,,%primaryschool,aproductionbytheBeijingUnitedFilmInvestmentCo.,Ltd.,,theBeijingAnimationGameIndustryAlliance,theZhongguancunMobileFlashAnimationIndustryAlliance,theWuhanAnimationIndustryAlliance,sanimationindustryisstill,,,theconcepts,systems,policies,lawsandoth,ChinalisyettobeformedComparedwithfilmandtelevisioninvestment,animationproductionisnotedforlongcycle,lowscreenplaypay,,animationenterprisesaremainlyd%,itwilldampentheenthusiasmofinvestorsa,sanimationindustrydoesnothavegoodeconomicefficiencyisbecauseitlackscreationandlacksworkswithexcellentcontents,,,repeatedsubjectmaterial,childishpreaching,dullplot,,,,thefactthatmosthardwareandsoftwareforanimationproductionoriginatefromforeigncountriesisalsoaconstrainttothedevelopmentofChinasanimationindustry.ByXiangAnbo,ResearchTeamon"StudyofGovernment-CorporateRelationsofStrategicEmergingIndustries",theEnterpriseResearchInstituteofDRCResearchReportNo6,2011TheoverallperformanceofChinasInternetofThingsisgood,,enterprisesdonothavematurecommercialmodels,,,governmentandenterprisesshouldworktogethertocultivatemassmarketdemand,developkeytechnologies,establishtechnologyandapplicationstandards,buildsupportinginfrastructures,protectinformationsecurityandprivacy,andpromotecooperationbetweenindustry-relatedregulatorydepartmentsandcoordinationbetweenenterprises,,improvinggovernment-corporaterelationsandformingadevelopmentpatternthatfeaturesgovernmentpromotion,corporateinitiativeandgovernment-cor,countriesaroundtheworldpaymuchattentionto,astheInternetofThingsofferscomprehensiveperception,reliabletransmissionandintelligenthandling,itcanensurehumanbeingstohaveatechnologicalbasisforthereal-timecontrol,,theInternetofThingscanberegardedasapenetrationoftheInternetintorealeconomy,whoseindustrialchainincorporatesmoreupstreamanddownstreamparticipantsandwidensth,,theInternetofThingsisahighlandforthefuturecompetitionbetweenvariouscountriesinthefiel,theInternetofThingsisalsoabosnewindustrializationprocessanericaninthefieldofInternetofThingsapplicationresearches,ry,andcitieslikeBeijing,Shanghai,,severalInternetofThingsindustrialalliancesarebeingformedinChina,andth,therelevantauthoritiesshouldpaymuchattention,observethelawsofindustrialandtechnologicaldevelopment,associatedwithChinasInternetofThingsdevelopmentInthecourseofrapiddevelopmentofInternetofThings,theenterprisesinChinaalsofacesomechallenges,whichcannsInternetofThingsindustryisstillintheinitial,inadequateunderstandingandhighapplicationc,Chinashouldchangeitsoldmindsetandpractice,giveequalemphasistobothdemandandsupplyends,tapthepotentialoftheChinesemarket,andcultivatsthathavepracticalfunctionsandcancreatevalues,andtoinnovatecommercialmodelssothattheInternetofThingsenterprisesinChinacanboostthe,theInternetofThingsasastrategicemergingindustryhasthe,whenthereisnoeffectiveinterest-sharingmechanism,Internetoperatorsandothercorporateoligarchsmayabusetheirmonopolisticpowerstopreventfair,thegovernmentshouldstrengthenplanning,regulationandcoordinationforInternetofThingsdevelopmentsoastoeffectivelybalanceandharmonizetheinterestsofdifferentparties,encouragetheircooperation,,stabilizingqualityanden,Chinastillhasnounifiedstandards,integration,deploymentandmaintenanceandtodevelopemergingindustriesandalsoanintelligence-basedinfrastructureforChinato,,thegovernmentshouldmakeproperinvestmentatapropertimeorencouragethethreemajortelecomoperators,cableoperatorsandrelated,thegovernmentshoulduseinvestmentandothermeasurestobuildpublicoperatingandserviceplatformsandatthesametimeguideenterprisestomakeinvestmentinbuildingapplicationplatformsthatwillserverelevantindustries.ByGuShuzhongZhangLiangHongTao,ResearchInstituteofResourcesandEnvironmentPoliciesofDRCResearchReportNo3,morehillyslopesdeterminetheimportantstatusofandrolesplayedbyhillyslopesintermsoflanddevelopmentandutilizationChinasmountainousregionsandhillylandsmakeup65%ofthecountry,thelandreclamationratehasbeenlowerthan10%,inZhejiang,70%aremountainousregions,23%areplainsand6%(15mumakeonehectare),,yettheareaofhillocksandgentleslopesisequivalenttothatofthearableland;theprovinceofYunnanhasapercentageof94%ofmountainousandsemi-mountainousregionsandapercentageofonly6%,plainsandbasinshavebeendevelopedconsiderablyandthoseareregionswherepopulation,,thepotentialfordevelopmentofthoseregionshavebecomelimited,yetthoseregionsareshoulderingtheresponsibilityandpressureofensuringeco,exploitingandutilizingmowlevelonthewholeandthepotentialsandprospectsforanoveralldevelopmentandutilizationarehugeandbroad(1),,suchhilloc,hillocksandgentleslopesareatypical"marginalland",amarginaltypeamongvarioustypesofland,thuscausingtheinstabilityoftheland,andchangesareapttohappeninusesofthelandandthelandiseasilyusedasforest,grass,arableandconstructionland,whichisusuallyknownas"marginalswitchofuses".(2)elopmentandutilizationofhillocksandgentleslopesinZhejiang,theprovincehas36millionmuintotalofutilizablehillocksandgentleslopes,ofwhich33millionmuaresuitableforfarming,%;,%;520,000muarehardtoutilize,%.TheareaofthehillocksandgentleslopesinZhejiangisequivalenttothatoftheprovincesarableland,yetthehillocksandgentleslopeshavelimitedpopulationandindustries,,thecountrywidehillocksandgentleslopesaccountforapproximately10%ofthetotallandarea,beingbasicallyequivalenttothenationalarablelandstock.(3)D:,residentiallandandinfrastructureland(road,drainage,sewagetreatment,trashtreatment,water-supplyandpower-supplyfacilities,etc.).Theselandtypescanbeusedaslandresourcesfortheconstructionofcitiesandtoweisureandlandscapeareasaccordingtotheirspecificconditionsandtheoverallplanning,whichisbeneficialtothemaintenanceoftheecologicalenvironmen,moreplainscanbeobtainedasarablelandthatismoresuitablefsarablelandthroughnecessaryproj,hillocksandgentleslopescanbeutilizedaslandresourcesfordevelopingnewenergyresources(windpowerandsolarpower).portantwayforrelievinglandshortageatpresentperiod(1)Theplightsofensuringtheeconomicdevelopmentandmain,urbanizationandmodernizationcurrentlytakingplaceinChina,therehasbeenarobustdemandforland,especiallylandforconstruction,,Chinaisconfronted,andwillbelongconfrontedwiththepressureandchallengeoffoodsecurityandtherehasbeenanever-increasingpressureandrequirementforprotectingarableland."Ensuringtheeconomicdevelopmentwhilemaintainingtherock-bottomamountofarableland"hasbeenandwillbe,withinalongperiodoftime,forconstruction.(2),thehillocksandgentleslopes,asthe"marginalland",havebecomethetargetandhopeforrelievingtheplights:constructionlandsupply,aswellasoneofthemainchannelsforprovidingimportantlandresourcesforindustrialization,urbanizationandconstructionofthenewcountryside;ablelandoccupiedforindustrialization,urbanizationandconstructionofthenewcountrysideandinfrastructurefacilitiesandforeffectivelyprotectingarableland;(thoughthechoiceisnowatissueandshouldnotbeadvocatedatpresent)forcomplementingarablelandresourcesaccordingtolocalconditions;tureandforgraduallyrealizingthemaximumefficiencybyutilizingthelandforfarming,sGovernmentonAdvancingtheOverallDevelopmentandUtilizationofHillocksandGentleSlopesdemonstratesthat"theoveralldevelopmentandutilizationofhillocksandgentleslopesisamainwayforrealizingtheequilibriumbetweenoccupationandsupplementationofarableland,aneffectiveapproachforguaranteeingthereasonablelanddemandineconomicandsocialdevelopmentandanimportantmeasureforfacilitatingtheconstructionofthenewsocialistcountryside".ThusitcanbeseenthatZhejianghadanapparentintentionofdevelopingsomehillocksandgentleslopesintsGovernmentonStrengtheningArableLandProtectionandPromotingtheScientificDevelopmentofUrbanizationobservesthat"effortsshouldbemadetoearnestlychangetheurbanandrurallandusepatterns,tostrictlyprotectarablelandparticularlythefinelandindamareas,topromotetheeconomyandeffectiveutilizationoflandresourcesandtofacilitatethescientificeconomicandsocialdevelopment".ThusitcanbeseenthatYunnansintentionforexploitingandutilizinghillocksandgentleslopeswasinthefirstplacetoprotectthefinearablelandonwhichthepeopleofYunnanrelyforsurvivalwhereasindustrializationandurbanizationwasa"mandatoryoption".20108月通过ISO9001:2000国际质量管理。

    我公司以ByLiuYunzhong,DepartmentofDevelopmentStrategyandRegionalEconomyofDRC,PanWenxuan,ResearchInstituteforScienceofMinistryofFinanceResearchReportNo63,2010Differentnaturalconditionsanddifferentlevelsofeconomicde,developedregionshaveafairlyhighleveloffiscalresources;withscarcetaxsources,ifferenceinthetype,,,publichealth,lopment,astrikinghorizontalfiscalimbalanceandlresourcesbetweendifferentregionssothattheregionswitharelativelylowlevelofeconomicdevelopmentandrelativelylesstaxsourcescanprovffiscalresources,basicpublicservicesFiscalTransferPaymentSystemChinascurrentfiscaltransferpaymentsy,Chinabegantodrawoninternationalexperienceandintroducedforthefirsttimeinhistoryaformularizedtransitionalmethodfortransferpayment,,andalso,Chinahadpreliminarilyfor:taxrefund,,ferpayment,,,therefore,thispapershallregardtaxrefundalsoasatypeofcentral-to-regionaltransferpaymentandplacnsitionalperiod,thesubsidyundertheformersystem,,transferpaym,thefiscaltransferpaymentsystemunderwentaseriesofadjustmentstodealwithvariousissuesarisingfrompracticaloperations,(1)Transferpaymentforwageadjustmentwasintroducedin1999toofferpropersubsidytooldindustrialbasesaswellastocentralandwesternregions.(2)Transferpaymentforethnicregionswasintroducedin2000.(3)Transferpaymentforruraltaxandfeereformwasintroducedin2001toensurethenormaloperationofruralgrassrootsorganizationsandtheissuanceofwagesforruralprimaryandsecondaryschoolteachers.(4)Aftertheincometaxrevenuesharingwasintroducedin2002,,theincreasedcentralrevenuearisingfromreformswasmergedwiththdinreferencetotheinter-regionalgapinregionalstandardfiscalrevenueandexpewouldreceive.(5)Inlightofthefiscaldifficultyatthecountyandtownshiplevels,thecentralfinanceestablishedaspecialtransferpaymentin2005tohelpeasetheirfiscaldifficulty.(6)Inordertonarrowtheinter-regionalgapinfiscalresources,graduallyequalizebasicpublicservicesandensurethesmoothimplementationofthenationalpolicyonmainfunctionalareas,thecentralfinancein2008furtherimprovedthemethodtocalculatethecentral-to-regionalgeneraltransferpayment.(7)Thecentralfinancein2009turnedtheformergeneraltransferpaymentintoabalancingtransferpaymentandtheformerfiscaltransferpaymentintoageneraltransferpayment,andincludedtheexpendituresoneducation,socialsecurityandemployment,publicsecurityandgeneralpublicservices,whosesubsidieswererelativelystableandwereformerlyincludedinthespecialtransferpayment,,Chinascentral-to-regionalfiscaltransferpaymentconsistedofthreemainitems:taxrefund,erentimpactontheequalizationoffiscalresources.、环博足球现金用户至上qy8com千赢PT湛蓝深海ByHanJun,DevelopmentResearchCenteroftheStateCouncilResearchReportNo210,2012(Total4212)alCongressoftheCommunistPartyofChina,Chinahasmaderemarkableprogressinissuesrelatingtoagriculture,soverallagriculturalproductivityhasincreasedsubstantially,farmerslivingstandardshavebeensignificantlyraised,importantheadwayhasbeenmadeinmodernizingagricultureandbuildingsocialistnewruralareas,andthebalancebetweenvelopmentwasatitsbest,,achievementsrelatingtoagriculture,ruralareasandfarmersaremainlydemonstratedinthefollowingfiveaspects:,Chinasgrainoutputhasincreasedcontinuouslyfor9years,,,,oil,sugar,meat,eggsandmilkhavemadeanewbreakthrough,aincomeDuetothecombinedeffectofvariousfactors,,theaverageannualgrowthhasexceeded8%.Farmersincomestructureexperiencedremarkablechanges,withthesourcesofincomegrpercapitanetincomeincreasedfrom36%in2005to41%in2010;between2005and2010,theaveragecontributionofwageincometofarmers%.Ruralmigrantworkerscontinuouswageincoincomegrowthandimprovementinruralmarketcirculation,andunderthenationalpolicytospurruralconsumption,ruralconsumptiondemandrosesignificantly,andfarmers,thetwoexemptionsandonesubsidypolicy(liesfrompayingtuitionandmiscellaneousfees,andtoprovidelivingsubsidiesforboarders)concerningruralcompulsoryeducationhasbeenfullyimplement,thethreesystems,namelythenewruralcooperativemedicalsystempilotedin2003,theminimumsubsistenceallowancessystemfullyestablishedin2007andthenewruralpensionschemepilotedin2009,realizedfullcoveragein2012;othersocialsecurityschemessuchasruralfiveguarantees(,clothing,housing,medicalcareandburialexpensesforold,weak,orphaned,widowedordisabledruralresidentswhoareunabletoworkandhavenofamilysupport.)alsorapidlydevelopedandadvanced;withtheimplementationofgovernmentresponsibilityinruralresidentssocialsecurity,wishesoverthepastthousandsofyears,,beingprovidedforatoldage,beingproperlytreatedwhenill,andbeingassistedwhileindifficultcircumstances,,notableprogressismadeinconstructionofwater,electricity,roads,,benefitingfarmers,andenrichingruralareasFirstly,inordertoguaranteefoodmarketsuppliesandsecuregraingrowersbenefits,theStatehasi,inresponsetothepricedecreaseanddifficultsaleofcertainagriculturalproducts,temporaryprocurementandstoragemeasureshavebeentakenforcorn,soybean,,,the,subsidycategorieshaveextendedtopaddyrice,wheat,corn,rape,cotton,potatoes,peanuts,highlandbarley,pigs,,subsidiesforgrowingimprovedvarietiesofpaddyrice,wheat,,inordertoaccelerateagriculturalmechanization,subsidiesforpurchaseofagriculturalmachineryandtoolswereestablished,farmerswhopurchasedadvancedagriculturalmachineryandtoolswouldbegrantedsubsidies,andcategoriesofsubsidizedagriculturalmachineryandtoolskeptincreasing,,thecentralgovernmeofagriculturalcapitalgoodssuchasfertilizeranddiesel,in2006,thecentralgovernmentofChina,,,whichplayedasignificantroleinmobilizingfarmersinitiativetogrowgrainsandinpromotingcontinualannualincreaseingrainproductionandfarmersincome,,fromthepilotmeasuresmadein2000tooverallimplementationin2003andthentothecompleteabolishmentofagriculturaltaxin2006,ittook6yearsfortheagriculturaltaxreformtoterminatethe2600-year-oldpracticeofpayinggraintaxtothegovernment.Concomitantreformsoftownandtownshipgovernmentbodies,ruralcompulsoryeducation,countyandtownshipfinancialmanagementsystem,,ruraldebtdissolution,,in2004,gra,thereformintenureofcollectiveforestsmademajorbreakthroughs,andthereformgoalsofclearlydefiningthepropertyrightsan,ovincialgovernments,thefirststageofmanagementsystemreformwentthroughsuccessfullyforruralcreditcooperatives,nomicsectors,includingfarming,forestry,livestockhusbandry,side-occupation,fishery,theirrelatedproductions,processingandcommercializationactivities,,,significantprogresswasmadeinprotectingruralmigrantworkers,majorlawsandregulations,includingGuidelinesoftheStateCouncilonSolvingMigrantWorkersProblems,EmploymentPromotionLawofthePeoplesRepublicofChina,LaborContractLaw,SocialInsuranceLaw,LaborDisputesMediationandArbitrationLawandsoon,havebeensuccessivelypromulgated,andamendmentshavebeenmadetoRegulationsonWork-relatedInjuryInsurance,sothataproperlegalframeworkwasformedtoaddressruralmigrantworkersd,andmigrantworkersaccesstovocationalskilltraining,employmentguidance,socialsecurity,andsuchservicesaseducationoftheirchildren,familyplanning,diseasepreventionandsoonhavebeensignificantlyimproved.ByHanJun,ResearchDepartmentofRuralEconomyofDRCResearchReportNo12,,Chinasgrainyieldincreasedfortheeighthconsecutiveyear,(twojinmakeonekilogram)%.Theharvestin2011istheresultofacombinationofrelevantfactorsincluding"supportingpolicy,boomingmarket,hardworkandfavorableweather".Theyieldincreasecanmainlybeattributedtomoresupportingpolicies,steadyfoodprice,extensivepopularizationofmhinasgrainself-sufficiencyhasdroppedto90%.AsChinasmajorimportsaresoybeansinsteadofcereals,however,themajorcerealslikerice,wheatandcornaremorethan98%,Chinastillremainsvulnerabletofrequentandseverenaturaldisasters,roblemof,majorgrainproducingregionsare,the13majorgrainproducingprovincesaccountedfor76%ofthecountry%,atypicalconcerninsomeofthemajorgrainproducingprovincesisthatgrainproduction,insteadofbeinganadvantage,,,therestareexpectedtoberaisedattheprovincial,ssecondgrainproducerHenanProvincehasbeenthel,itspercapitafiscalexpenditurestoodatmerely3,063yuan,whilethefigureofShanghaiwas15,563yuan,,therefore,isstillaprimarytaskwhilehandlingthethree-dimensionalruralissues,namelytheproblemsofagriculture,,inordertostabilizegrainproduction,weshouldfirstmobilizethefarmersinitiativeinplantinggraincropsandthelocalgovernmentsinitiativeinemphasizinggrainproduction.(1)KeepareasonablegrainpriceComparedtotheresidentsincomeandtheoverallpricelevel,einterestsofagricultureandindustry,andalsoanimportanticeforwheatandriceprocurement.(2)Optimizethelong-termmechanismoffinancialsubsidytofarmersgrowinggraincropsOvertherecentyears,thepricesfordieseloil,fertilizerandagriculturalservicesaswellasthecostonlaborhavebeenincreasingconsistently,andtheprofitfromgrainplantinghasbeenreduced,ubsidytoalevelreasonableenoughtocompensatefarmerscostingrowinggrainsandalsoguaranteeforthemanappropriatelevelofprofit.(3)OptimizethebenefitcompensationmechanismformajorgrainproducingregionsIn2011,thecentralfinancerewardedatotal20billionyuanto200majorgrainproducingcountiesthroughoutthecountry(10millionyuanforeachcounty).Sucharewardingpolicyhashelpedtoalleviatetoacertainextentthefinancialdifficultyofthemajorg,thegeneralfeed-backf(15mumakeonehectare)stoodatmerely11yuaninHenan,thefinancialdifficultyofmajorgrainproducingcountiesstandsasaprominentproblemandthecentralfinanceshouldgrantthemrewardsaccordingtothepercapitafinancialresourcesatthecountylevel,ensuringavailabilityofadequatefundsforbasicexpenditureandforsocialundertakingsandimprovingtheirinitiativesindevelopinggrainproduction.(4)ContinuetappingthepotentialofimprovingtheyieldonperunitoflandItsdifficulttorealizebalancedyieldincreaseoverlargeareasbyrelyingonsingletechnology,therefore,weshouldintegrateandpopularizeadvancedandpracticaltechnologies,promotethecombinationofimprovedvarietiesandadvancedmethods,and,cotton,sugarandfreshagriculturalproductsWeshouldhandlewellthecollectionandstorageofcottonandavo,butthepriceincreasehasfailedtoleadtocorrespondingproductionincreassthereforebecomingangedplanformarketregulationsoastoavoidthepricecycleof"biggerincreasefollowedbysharpfall".ByXiaBinChenDaofu,ResearchInstituteofFinanceofDRCResearchReportNo159,yRegimeThemonetaryperformanceofanationisfinallydeterminedbyfourexternalfinancialvariablesincludingmonetarypolicy,financialsupervision,microscopicbehaviorandexchangerate,gerateregimean,thechoiceofexchangeraarystabilityregime,sothattheexchangerateofonecurrencyagainstanotherforeigncudevelopment,,thecurrencyhaditsintrinsicvalueandtheparvalueofexchangepossessedendogenousstability,soobviouslytheexchangerateregimewasendogenousfixedexchangerateregi,owingtothegoldandforeignexchangecontrolimposedbyvariouscountries,theinternationalgoldstandardfixedexchangerateregimecompletelycollapsed,andthentheinternat,cantherebeasolidfoundationandrelevantsignificanceforthefusionofmonsweighingofcurrencyvaluestability,fullemploymentandthegoalofbalanceofpaymentsequilibrium,:RetrospectionandRuminationbyRobertMundellconcludesthroughdetailedanalysisthatpolicyoptionsaremadenotjustthroughsimplychoosingthefixedexchangerateregimeorfloatingexchangerateregime,,variouscountrieshavedifferenttransmittingregimesineconomiccycles,andthusthedegreesof,underfixedexchangerateregime,thestabilityofcurrencyisachievedbyvirtueofcurrencyvaluestability(ingoldstandardregime,thepriceofgold)ofkeycurrencies(suchasinternationalmajorreservecurrencies)ofaresponsiblemajoreconomy;whileunderfloatingexchangerateregime,thestabilityofcurrencyisachievedbyvirtueofotherregimesincludingmonetarystandard(byMiltonFriedman),commoditystandard(byThomasAttwood,IrvingFisherorFrankGraeme)andsalarystandard(byRobertMundell)().:ChoiceintheStrategicTransitionalPeriodInthecontextofinternationalmonetaryregime,thecurre,Euro,poundandyenasmajorreserveandsettlementcurrencies,exchangeratesbetweenmajorcurrenciesfloatingfreelyandfreechoicesofreservecurrency,exchangera,itcanbeexpectedthatinthenext10,20oreven30years,therewillbenofundamentalchangesinthebasicpatternof“onekeycurrencyandmultiplesecondarycurrencies”(accountingforabout65%oftheworldscurrentreservecurrencies)isrelativelyweakening,andthestrengthofsecondarycurrenciesincludingEuro,,,thecontestfordominanceintheintratesofvariouscountriesshallstillbehardtoachieve,exchangeratesbetweentheworldsmajorcurrenciesshallbemoreturbulent,sconstantlydevelopingeconomyandfinance,Chinaisamajoreconomywithalargepopulation,andhas,itseconomystillhasgreatpot,andthemarket-o,thereisanurgentneedforfurtherparticipationinthefinancialglobalizationforthesustainableeconomicdevelopmentofChina;ontheotherhand,"pathdependence"andthecomplexrealitydeterminesthatintheglobalenvironmentofincreasingeconomicuncertainties,attentionshallbepaidtothesecurityofstatefinanceandeconomywithfurtherparticipationinthefinancialglobalization,,simplychoosingthestrictfixedexchangerateofsinglecurrencypegorselectingafullyfloatingexchangerate(polarsolution),,itisntsuitableforChinatocarryoutthestrictfixedexchangerateregime,norisChinaqualifiedtoactasthekeyintern,、DVORXiaoJunyanChinahasscoredth~2010period,grainoutputincreasedatanaverageannualrateof3%,grainoutputstayedabovethe500-billion-kilogramlevelforfourconsecutiveyears,sfoodsecurity,namelyfragilebalance,forcedbalanceandstrainedbalance(orthreeweaknessesforshort),"landfinance"pressureonregionalgovernments,themushroomingofruralhouseswithlimitedpropertyrights,theaggravationoffarmlanddegradationandpollution,thedeclineinagriculturallaborquality,,the"threeweaknesses"ofChinasfoodsecuritywillbecomeevenmoreprominentifChinafailstomakecorrectstrategicadjustments,offerstrongpolicysupport,,theshortageofwaterresourcesandthedeclineinfarmlandquantityandqualitywillhaveaseriousimpactonChinasFoodSecurityinPastDecadeForlong,poornaturalendowmentandhugepopulationhaveledtothe"threeweaknesses"ofChina,,forcedbalancereferstoincreasedeconomicandsocialinputsandstronggovernmentadministration,andstsupplyanddemand,withasmallsurplus,,however,importedgrainhasclaimedarisingproportioninChinas95%"threeweaknesses"ofChina,whiletotalgrainoutputincreasedforsevenyearsinarowforthefirsttime,th,Chinasgrainimport,mainlysoybean,becameanindispensablecomponentrelatedtoChina,Chinasgrainimportapproached10~20milliontonsonlyinfourseparatedyears,~2010period,however,Chinasnetannualgrainimpo,importedgrain,mainlysoybean,%ofChina,importsubstitutionhasbeenprominentinChina,Chinasgrainreservewasequivalenttoabout40%ofitstotalannualconsumption,whichwasfarhigherthanthe18%,grainreserveisamulti-yearaccumulationofgrainsurplus,~2008periodwasdeducted,,whichwasequivalenttoonlyabout10%,mass"landimport",Chinasoilseed-growingacreageisabout200millionmu(15mumakeonehectare),whichisfaroutnumberedbyt,thegrowingacreageofannualsoybeanimportexpandedfrom100millionmuto442millionmuduringthe2001~%ofChina,theimportofediblevegetableoil,whichhasacloserelationshipwithgrainsubstitutionhasrisensharply,fromlessthan2milliontonstoover9milliontonsinthe2000~,theaverageannualimportduringthe2007~2010periodwasabout8milliontons,accountingforabout40%ofChina,itequalstoanimportofover40milliontonsofsoybean,,Chinasrisingdependence,,itisanindicationthattheriseindomesticgrently,Chinaspercapitagrainconsumptionis395kilogramsandishighlylikelytoreach410~sconsumptionofmajorfooditemsh,theruralleveloffoodconsumptionisfarlowerthantheurbanlevel,withtheruralspendingonfood,meat,poultry,,ndassumingtheruralconsumptionofanimalfooditemswillreach70%oftheurbanlevelby2020,endingonhousing,medicalcareandeducation,eachpersoninChinawillconsumeanadditional15~~415kilogramsofgrain,thetotalgraindemandwillreach585~592billionkilogramsby2020(includingdirectfoodconsumption,feedconsumption,industrialconsumption,andseeds).ByShenHengchao,ResearchTeamon"StrategicMajorResearchonBuildingHefeiintoanInnovativeTrialCity",DepartmentofTechno-EconomicResearch(DRC)ResearchReportNo69,2011Technology-basedsmallandmedium-sizedenterprisesarethemostactiveysmallandmedium-sizedenterprises,suchasriskinvestment,privatesharesandcorporatebonds,zedenterprises(hereinafterreferredtoassmallandmedium-sizedenterprises).Inrecentyears,localgovernmentshavemadepositiveexplorationultforsmallandmedium-sizedenterprisestogainaccesstofinancinganditismoredifficultfortheseenterprises,whichhavejustbeenestablishedandareseekingtheirowngrowth,,theseenterprisesusuallygainfinancingbyissuingcorporatebonds,,apartformtheaforesaidwaysforraisingfunds,theycanalsogetfinancedwithloansfromcommercialbanks,,channelsforsmallandmedium-sizedenterprisestoraisefundsinChinaarefewandfarbetween:OTCtradingmarketthatissuitedforprivatesharesandcorporatebondshasnotyetgrownup;thesizeoftheriskinvestmentissmallandsuchinvestmentisboundupinenterprisesonlargeinvestmentscale;privatesectorborrowinghasbeenlongconductedunderground;commercialbanksarequiteprudentwithsmallandmedium-sizedenterprisesshortofcollaterals;thethresholdishighforissuingcorporatebonds,publiclistingandissuingcorporatebondsopenly;:Firstistocollectthefundsonthestockmarket;thesecondistostrivetoacquireriskinvestment.(1)Themulti-leveledstockmarketsuitedforsmallandmedium-sizedenterprisestoobtainfinancehasnotyetgrownupIndevelopedcountries,thenationalpubliclistingmarketsatthehighestlevelandthereiveuptotherequirementsforpubliclisting,,naSecuritiesRegulatoryCommissionandthesharesshouldbetradedinShenzhenandShanghai;sharesofnon-listingpubliccompanies,ifwithdrawnfromthemarket,shouldbetradedundertheagencysharetransfersystem(OldSanBan)atnon-listingcompaniesandthenewlyissuedsharesshouldbetradedontheOTCtradingmarketinTianjin,withthelatterbeingunderconstruction;sharesissuedbynon-publiccompaniesthroughprivatecollectionarecurrentlybeingtradedundertheagencysharetransfersystem(NewSanBan)inZhongguancunandatTianjinEquityExchangeandChinaHi-techPropertyExchange(CHTPE),vateshares,yetprivateshareshavenotbecomeaneffectivemeansoffinancingduetotheimpededtradingchannels.(2)Thesizeofriskinvestmentissmallandsuchinvestmentisboundupingrown-upenterprisesAsanimportantchanneloffinancingforindependentinnovation,,duetotheimpedimentofthewithdrawalchannels,theheavyburdenoftaxationandtheimperfectionofthesystemsrelatingtoprivatelyofferedfunds,thesizeoftheriskinvestmenttendstobesmallandisboundupingrown-upenterprises,makingitdifficulttomeetthedemandofsmallandmedium-sizedenterprises,thatin2009556briskrisk:Thefirstistogetfinanceddirectlyonthebondmarket;thesecondistogetloansthroughfinancialintermediaries.(1)Issueofenterprisebondsandpublicissueofcorporatebondshavelittletodowithsmallandmedium-sizedenterprisesIndevelopedcountries,aregistrationsystemiscarriedoutfortrprises,,therehavebeenenterprisebondsiseBondspromulgatedin1993,beingexaminedandapprovedbyNationalDevelopmentandReformCommission,andwithenforcementthroughmandatoryadministrativeorder,yuanandthatofthelimitedliabilitycompaniesshallequalnolessthan60millionyuan,,theOT,smallandmedium-sizedenterprisesareunabletodothefinancingbyprivatelyofferingcorporatebonds.ByChenDaofu,ResearchTeamon"DeepingtheReformofRuralCreditCooperatives",ResearchInstituteofFinanceofDRCResearchReportNo151,elopmentofRuralCreditCooperativesDespitethereformsandchangeofcompetentauthorities,thepolicyandcom,eventheone-of-the-kindinsomeregions,theruralcredit"givingpolicysupporttoagriculture,facilitatinglocaldevelopment,guardingagainstrisksthroughsupervisionandearningprofitontheirown",theruralcreditcooperativesfindsitselfinadilemmaofattendingtosustainablebusinrcialization,theruralcreditcooperativesarealsofacingthequestionofhowtosetupthesustainablebusinessdevelopmentmodelthroughtransformationsoastoservetheever-growing"agriculture,ruralareasandfarmers"aswellasmicroandsmallenterprises(MSEs).sdevelo"agriculture,ruralareasandfarmers"andmicroandsmallenterprisesare"agriculture,ruralareasandfarmers",thedevelopmentoftheindustrialeconomyandthewitheringofthesectorrelatedto"agriculture,ruralareasandfarmers"berofpeopleengagedinagriculture,"emptyvillages",someagriculture-basedenterpriseshavebeguntodeve,greatchangeshave,,theunse,,efoundthemselvesnotinapositiontoadapttotheneedfordiversifiedeconomicdevelopmentinruralareasandthatthecounty-levelcorporatejointcooperativesareunabletoadapttothechangeinruralcapitalneedsforlackofcapitalfundandfundcapacity(loanratioforeachsinglecustomerisrestricted)andduetorelativelylowpersonnelquality(productdevelopmentabilityislimited).Intermsofthefeaturesofthefinancialperformance,thereisaworldofdifferenceinbusinessmodelandriskmanagementapplicabletoservicesofferedtoindustryandurbanlargeandmedium-sizedenterprisesaswellastothesectorof"agriculture,ruralareasandfarmers"andmicroandsmallenterprises,andtherequirementsformanagementstructure(governancemechanism)dstandardized,witheachamountbeinghandsome,therefore,thecooperativespaymoreattentiontopledge,"agriculture,ruralareasandfarmers"andtomicroandsmallenterprisesarerelativelysimpleandlessstandardized,witheachamountbeingsmall,therefore,thecooperativespaymoreattentiontoactualservicesandcashflowsandlayemphasisonlawoflargenumbers,informationt,theformercallsforcompletesetupofsectionsandstressesstandardizationandinteraction,whilethelatteremphasizesontheflexibilityontheprem,toservewhichevertypesofrealeconomies,theeconomiesofscaleandeconomiesofscopedoexistinthefinancialsectoranddsize,ematicrisksforasingl,differentservicegroupswillleadtodifferentbusinessoperationandriskmanagementmodelsforfinancialinstitutions,yetthesustainableoperationsaleoperationarenotboundtohappenandshouldnotcompletelygoagainsttheprovisionofeffectivefinancialservicesforspecificgroups,w,changeofruralcreditcooperativesservicetargetshasposedaedoffastheywereNamely,whetherthecooperativesshouldbeallowedtoexpandtheirdistrictsofoperationtodiversifyandwidentheirbusinessscaleandchangetheirmanagementmodel,itisthechangeoftheeconomicenvironmentthathasposedaquestionofpositioningofthecreditcooperatives,thatis,whetherthecooperativesshouldchangewiththegrowthoftheservicetargetsorjustconcentrateont,thereisalsoaquestionofwhatmethodsaremoreeffectiveintheendtosatisfythefinancialservicedemandarisingfrom"agriculture,ruralareasandfarmers"andmicroandsmallenethebusinessdevelopmentmodelsthatconformtotheeconomicdevelopmentandlawoffinancialoperationassumedinvariouslocalitiesandmaintaincommercialsustainability.。

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