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彩家园官网手机网页版【hpapro.com】为您提供集团最新官方网站,更高级的VIP服务体验,更多的优惠活动,更快速的存取款时间,专属美女客服一对一服务,赶快注册游戏吧。自贡兑酶饭科技(原枣庄莆邢靠商贸有限公司)成立于1995年,占地面积96566平方米,钱柜111送88元彩金其中生产厂房占地1063平方米,仓库面积占地9996平方米。固定资产0740万元,流动资产7253万元,干部职工共679人,工程技术人员04人。彩家园官网手机网页版ZhangChenghuiResearchReportNo190,isesSincethemid1990s,alongwiththedevelopmentofthemarketeconomyinChinaandchangesintheinternalandexternaleconomicandtradeenvironments,theslowtransformationoftheoperat,,duetotheexuberantvitalityandmarketcompetitiveness,theprivateeconomyhasovertakenthestate-ownedeconomytobecomethemostactive,thef,theproblemoffinancingdifficultythathaslonghauntedprivateenterprisesbeginstoattracttheatt,financingdifficultyoftheprivateenterprisesremainstobeapracticalproblem,,thereislessdifficultyinobt,thankstotheeffortoflocalgovernments,,thecurrentfinancialsystemhasonlygrantedshort-termloanstoprivateenterprises,whilethemid-,insteadofshort-termlending,alargenumberofhigh-techenterprisesinthestart-upstagearemostinneedofthemid-andlong-termloansandequityinvestment,,theproblemoffinancingdifficultyoflargeenterpriseshasbe,,suchasHaire,withovertenbillionyuanofannualsa,therefore,s’,,withtheirproductioncapacity,assetsandreputation,,,sufferfrompoorcredibilityornocredibility,havefewassetsformortgage,with,,thesee,thelargeandmedium-sizedcitiesenjoysufficientcapitalsup,lendingcapitalconcentratesincreasinginthecities,,88countiesinShandongProvinceexperiencedzeroornegativegrowthinloansin2000,whilenoneofthecountiesinH,thedifferenceamongtheownershipsystemisdiminishing,,the“privateownershipfearphobia”,theideologicalproblemsofthelawenforcementandauditingdepartmentsleadthemtoneglectthebadloanaccountsofthestate-ownedenterprises,buttoinvestigatefor,thelendingstaffofbanksusuallytrytoavoidmakingloanstoprivateenterprises,inspecificlendingappraisal,theytendtoreporthigherrisksass,despitearelativelysufficientsocialcapitalatpresent,neithertheformalindirectfinancingsystemnortheca,many,manyprivatehigh-techenterpriseswithhig,theywillnotonlyinfluencethedevelopmentoftheprivateeconomy,butalsofurtherintensifyfinancingactionsoutsidetheformarrentIndirectFinancingSystemOntheonehand,thecommercialbanksholdabundantcapitalbutgenerallyfeelitis“difficulttolend”.Ontheotherhand,manysmallandmedium-sizedprivateenterprisessufferbitterlyfrom“difficulttoborrow”.Indeed,reform,inordertobreakthehighmonopolyofthestatebanksandpromotemarketcompetition,Chinahasgraduallysetupover,theorganisationaenterprises,thenumberandcapitalstrengthofthesmallandmedium-siz,%%,respectively,akenintoaccount,%%,,,lendingdepartments(committees),therehavebeenfewachievementsinpractice,blygeneraterelativelylargeoverheadexpenses,wnedbanks,minimisingcapita,thelendingrightsofthebranchagenciesofthestate-ownedlargecommercialbanksweretakenback,manynon-bankingfinancialinstitutionsweredissolvedorannexed,,abusinessblankemergedandthefinancingdiffifinancialinstitutionsThefourlargeststate-ownedcommsolvedsincereform,leadingtoseriousdistortionsinthelegalpersongovernances,tocertaindegree,thegovernmentstillregardsth,beartheresponsibilityfortheirownrisksandset,itisverydifficultforthefourlargeststate-owedbankstooperateaccordingtobusinessrules,,withthestrengtheningofloanriskconstraintsandthelackingofthematchingintereststimulatingmechanism,thelendingstaffusuallytrytoavoidrisksinpracticebystressingonthe“absenceofgoodproject”,whichonlyintensifiesthefinancingdifficultyofthesmallandmedium-sizedprivateenterprises....Ifyouneedthefullcontext,pleaseleaveamessageonthewebsite.ZhouHongchunDingNingningSocialDevelopmentResearchDepartmentofDRCAtatimewhenChinaisfurtherimprovingitsmarketeconomyandisopeningevenwidertotheoutsideworld,howshouldthegovernmentadministeretheinitiationofreformandopeningupIntheearly1980swhenChinaputforwardthegrandgoalof"quadruplingthenationaleconomybytheendofthecentury",quadrupled,theyestimatedthatwhenthenationaleconomywasquadrupled,,China’,energyexpertssuggestedthatthecentralauthoritiesshouldgiveequalprioritytobothenergydevelopmentandcons,whichtookitasaguidingprincipleforthecountry’,theStateCouncilEnergyConservationWorkingMeetingSystemwasestablished,aspecialenergyconservationfundwassetup,andpoliciesontaxpreferentialtreatment,,,China’,theaggregateamountofChina’,,,worth964billionyuan,,asmuchas290billionyuringresultingfromachangeinthecountry’,theproportionofthelightindustryinthenationaleconomyroserapidly,,,thestructuraloptimizationandtechnologicalprogressintheilddependo’ssternenergyprospectFirst,finequalityenergyisinshortsupply,erelationshipwithahi’,,Chinaimported70milliontonsofoil,,China’sdomesticoilandnaturalgasconsumptionwillfurtherdependontheinternationalmarket,whichwillbrin,China’spercapitapossessionofenergyresourcesisfarbelowtheworld’’,,,,itspercapitapossessionofcoal,oilandnaturalgaswasrespectivelyonly55percent,11percentand4percentoftheworld’’,China’spercapitacommodityenergyconsumptionislow,’andardcoal,47percentoftheworld’,,,whilethereisagreatpotentialforenergyconservation,’senergyefficiencyisabout32percent,,cementandotherproductsisabout25percentlowerthantheworld’,thereisa,firstly,wemustrealizethatChina’spastachievementsinenergyconservationweremadeagainstabackgroundofextensiveoperationandrampa,wemustalsorealizethattheenergyconservation"opportunities"arisingfromthechangeinthecountry’sdevelopmentstrategyanditseconomicrestructuringwillnotcomeagain,andthattheenergyconservation"dividends"ar,energyconservationinthefuturewilldependmainlyontechnologicalprogress,,theperiodoflowcommodityenergyconsumptioncoin’spercapitaconsumptionofcommodityenergyislessthanhalfoftheworld’saveragelevel,itstotalamountofgreenhousegasemissionsranksthesecondintheworldaember2002,PremierZhuRongjideclare,itfacesa’sdevelopmentlevelisanop,Chinafacesan,China’sproductexportsencounteragreenbarrier--"energyefficiencylabel".WithChina’saccessiontotheWorldTradeOrganization,eachandeverydomest,thepetrochemicalindustryandotherenergy-consumingindustries"energyefficiencylabel"system,China’selectromechanicalproducts(includinghouseholdappliances)mustapplyfortheregistrationof"energyefficiencylabel"renergyconsumption,,alltheenergyconservationadministrationdepartmentsinallindustrialministrieshavebeenremoved,andtheenergyconservationadministrationdepart,thegovernment’sadmomyWhilegreatachievementshavebeenmadeinenergyconservationandinparticularwhiletheundersupplyofdomesticenergyhasimproved,somepeopleraisedthequestionofwhetherthegovernmentshouldc,DRCformedaprojectgroupwiththeresearchersfromtherelevantresourceconservationdepartmentoftheStateEconomicandTradeCommission,theenergyinstituteoftheStateDevelopmentPlanningCommission,...Ifyouneedthefullcontext,pleaseleaveamessageonthewebsite.。

    LuZhongyuanResearchReportNo139,2002Abstract:Thisarticlefirstanalysedthestatisticindicators,includingthegrowthrateofdomesticnon-governmentinvestment,itsproportionintotalsocialinvestmentasbeenacceleratinganwthofnon-governmentinvestment,andeventuallyputforwardseveral:non-governmentinvestmentstatusproposalStatisticalanalysesdemonstratethatnon-governmentinvestmenthasbeenacceleratinginrecentlyyearsanditsproportreasing,,,thegrowthofnon-governme,ofinvestmentsmadebythestateeconomy,theforeign,HongKong,MacaoandTaiwaninvestorsandthetotalsociety;ofwhich,,Chinahassuccessivelyissuedtreasurybondsintheinvestmentsectortopullthegrowthofoveralldemandforinvestment,,totalsocialinvestmentincreasedby13%,,withmajorbeneficiarybeingthestateeconomy,treasurybondsinvestm,peoplehavebeenw,however,itwasonlyin1998thatthegrowthofinvestmentmadebythestateeconomywash,therespectiveratesofgrowthofinvestmentsmadebythecollective,privateandothereconomieswereallhigherthanthatofthestateeconomyingeneral;ofwhich,thegrowthofinvestmentmadeby"othereconomies"wasover28%fortwoconsecutiveyears(seeTable1).Amongvarioustypesofeconomies,,,%,investmentmadebytheforeign,HongKong,,%.Theaveragegrowthrateofdomesticnon-governmentinvestmentisnotonlyhigherthanthatofthestateeconomy,,th%,%,%%;%,%,%%perannum,tofthestateinvestment,theproportionofinvestmentmadebyjointstockeconomyisgrowingremarkably,theproportionbyinvestmentbyforeign,HongKong,MacaoandTaiwaninvestorsisdropping,whilethedependencylevelofthewholesocialinvestmentongovernmentdirectinvestmentisdecreasingInthepastfewyears,theproportionofdomesticnon-governmentinvestmentinthetotalinvestmentofthewholesocietycontinuouslydemonstratedagrowingtrend,whiletheproportionsofinvestmentmadebythestateeconomyandtheforeign,HongKong,,theproportionsofstateinvestment,domesticnon-governmentinvestmentandforeign,HongKong,%,%%%,%%,theproportionofdomesticnon-government,,,theproportionofinvestmentofthecollectiveeconomyfellslowlyby2percentagepoints,andtheproportionofinvestmentofforeign,HongKong,,theproportionofinvestmentofprivateeconomy,especiallythatofthejointstockeconomy,,,theproportionofstateinvestmentinthewholesocietygrewmarginallyin1998and1999,,%%.Meanwhile,amongchangesintheproportionsofnon-governmentinvestment,%%,%%,andthatofothereconomiesgrewfrom18%%,ofwhich,%%(seeTable2).Thisindicatedthatwhiletreasurybondsinvestmentconcentratedinthestatesector,domesticnon-governmentinvestmentwasgettingmoreandmoreactive,andtheinvestmentofthejointstockeconomywasespeciallyvigorousandsawthefastestofgrowth.,someimportantdevelopmentshavetakenplaceinstructurala,theautomobileandthehousingindustrieswcommercialhousingremainedover20%.FromJanuarytoJulyin2001,,%,theproportionofsalesofcommercialhousingtoprivateownerstookup85%,whilethegrowthofdemandforprivatehousingbec,thegrowthintheincomesoftheautomobileindustryroseevenhigherto25%,whichwasonlynexttotha,theautomobilepartsmanufacturingsectorachievedanevenfasterincreaseandmaintainedagrowthrateofover40%,th,%;%%respectively,,thecomparativeadvantageofcerta,internationalmulti-nationalcorporati,thePhilipsElectronicGroupmoveditsentiremobilephonemanufacturingcapacitytothejointventureinShenzhen,sShanghaibaseto14millionnextyear,sChinamanu,angeexpressedtheintentiontomovethemanufacturingbaseselsewhere,while70%,thegrowthrateofthe,thesalesincomeofthecoalindustryhasgrownby15%,cceleratedgrowthofthehighenergy-consumingheavyindustryandrawmaterialsindustry,aswellasthefluctuatinginternationaloilprices,,suchastheconstructionindustry,themachineryindustry,thelightindustryandtheautomobileindustry,aswellastheincreaseininternationaldemandforsteel,,,,som,Zhejiang,Anhui,Shanghai,Hebei,Sichuan,rovinceandextendedthereformexperiencefromsmalltownshipstolargecities,eholdsandnon-agriculturalhouseholdsandadoptaprincipleofac,adoptedaregistrationsystembasedonresidentialareasand,themostimportantaretheemergingleadingroleofthehousingandtheautomobileindustries,thetransferoftheinternationa,China’sexportgrowthdecreasedasaresultoftheslow-downofinternationaleconomicgrowth,’,,therefore,,expansionofdomesticdemandshouldbecon,,China’seconomystillremainsinthedual-structuralstagewithsignificantdif,expandtheoveralleconomicscaleandpromotethetransferoffarmerstonon-agriculturalsectorstoraisetheirincomes,andthencreatemarketsforalargenum,theslowgrowthoffarmers’non-agriculturalsectorsandcities,whichiscausedbytheconstr,thepriorityinupgradingtheconsumption,theleadingrolesofthehousingandautomobileindustrieshavejustemergedthereon....Ifyouneedthefullcontext,pleaseleaveamessageonthewebsite.10-200米ZhangXiaojiResearchReportNo177,2002Bilateralandmultilateraltradeingoodsisanimpo,however,regionaleconomicintegrationalreadyexceedstheareaofcommoditytrade,andmovementsofcapital,,transnationalcorporationsdeveloptheirintra-industryandintra-firmtradethroughcross-the-borderinvestmenttooptimiseproductiondistributionandfullyexerttheirtechnologyanedinregionaleconomicintegration,differencesineceaking,apartfromChina,JapanandKorea,NortheastAsiashouldalsocoverMongolia,,withregardtoeconomicvitalityandmarketcontact,China,JapanandKoreaconstitutetheeconomiccoreof,,,,economicvitalityofacountryoraregionisnotonlydemonstratedbyitsownrat,NortheastAsiahasbecometheglobalcenterofmanufacturingindustries,leadingtheworldintheproductionandexportofsteel,automobile,,theITproductsmanufac,thepercapitaresourceremainsbelowtheaveragelevelintheworld,butithasattachedgrtinglabour-intensive,easimportedlargevolumeof’sindustrializationanditsdevelopmentofexport-orientedmanufacturingindustriesstrengt,JapanandKoreaarech%ofChinaJapan’stotalexports,andKoreasellsmorethan35percent,wh,thepot,theforeignexchangereservesofChina,JapanandKoreatotaloverUS$,,especiallyaftertheAsianfinancialcrisis,,th,withtheturbulentstatefinancialmarket,,allthethivisionoflabourandresourceallocation,,outflowofdirectinvestmentofJapantookup20percentoftheworldtotal,whenJapan,theUSAan,th,whenover50percentofitflowedintotheEUandtheUS,,,theproportionofintra-regionalF,,itwas,theEUhasbecomethelargestregionintheworldintermsofFDIinflowandoutflow,whichtookup49percentand67percent,,,(FIEs),Chinaonlysharedlessthan1,Chinahadaverybackwardmanufacturingindustryandmainlydepende,itsexportsofprimaryproductsstilltookupover50percentofthetotal,,China’,itsshareinth’sdeve,,’,,thesurplusofChina’simportsandexportsreachedUS$,ofwhichabout1/3areowedtotheFIEs(Table1).ThemainexportgoodsofFIEsweremanufacturedindustrialproducts,–importingrawmaterialsandoriginalpartswithprotectivetariffsandexportingthemafterprocessingandassemblinginChina–,totalimportsoftheFIEsofprocessingtradereachedUS$,whichwere58percentoftheirtotalimports,whiletotalexportsofprocessingtradeamountedtoUS$,whichwere81percentoftheirtotalexports(Table2).ThesedatademonstratethatefficiencyremainsoneofthemajorgoalsofforeigncompaniesthatinvestinChina....Ifyouneedthefullcontext,pleaseleaveamessageonthewebsite.。

    嘉年华手机版APPMiJianguoYanKunResearchReportNo79,rvisionSystemSincethestartofreformandopeningup,throughcontinuousstudyandrenovation,apreliminarymulti-leivedecreesoffinanceandtaxation,standardisingeconomicorderandguaranteeingtheimpleme’ssocialistmarketeconomysystem,theroleoffinanceandtaxa,theoldpublicfinanceandtaxationsupervisionsystemcannolongerm,ithasbecomenecessaryandpressingtoestablishandcompleteapublicfinanceandtaxationsupervisionsystemandascientificoperationmechanismthatareinlinewiththesocialistmarkmulti-levelpublicfinanceandtaxationsupervisionsystemwasgraduallyestablishedonthebasisoftheplann:,,publicfinanceandtaxationsupervisionhasbeencharacterisedbylarge-scalefinance,taxationandpriceinspections,whichwerecarriedoutalloverChina,knownas"guerrillawarfare".Inspiteofcertainachievements,suchinuslackofarestrictivesupervisionmechanismtosuperviseandrestraintheimpacttotaxationofneweconomicactionsandtransactionmethods(suchasenterpriserestructuring,assetreorganizationande-commerce),,,,manyproblemshaveemergedregardingthestandard,"threemajorinspections"in1998,manylocalities(provinces)haveadoptednewmeasuresandmethodstoconductpublicfinanceandtaxationsupervision(,HubeiProvincehasestablishedthePublicFinanceSupervisionDivisiontocarryoutnetworkedandsystematicsupervision).However,"threemajorinspections"isthattheirconcenttionsupervision,’sideologyandsetup,assoonaspossible,ascientificandstandardsupervisionmechanismtostrengthenpre-andmid-eventsupervision,coverthewholeprocessoffinanceandtaxationactivitiesundersupervision,changeafter-eventhandlingtoprocesscontrol,thepressingissueishowtosetupahighlyefficientsupervisionmechanismwhichcoversallprocessesandlinkspracticallybasedonth,cfinancemanagementandpublicfinance,ChinaonlyhastheBudgetLaw,,thePublicFinanceManagementLaw,thePublicFina,theBudgetLawhasonlyspecifiedcriterionsforthegovernmentandthepublicfinancedep,accordingtorelevantprovisionsintheBudgetLaw,thePublicFinanceManagementLawshouldbeformulatedtofurtherdefinethelimitsofauthority,,thePublicFinanceandTaxationSupervisionLawshouldalsobeformulatedtodefinetheauthority,themethodsandtheextentofpublicfinanceandtaxationsupervision,,toalargeextent,,publicfinanceandtaxationsupervisionhasconstit,etheinspectionwasfocusedonenterprisefinancialaffairswheremos,itwasquiteeffectivebecausemostpunishmentstooktheformoffines,,thefocusofpublicfinanceandtaxationsupervisiononsmallcoffersandextra-budgeta,therehasbeennofundamentalchangeinourthoughts,methods,meansandtreatmentofsupervision,,westillrelylargelyonaccountadjustmentsandfines,regardlessofthefactthattheyarenon-profitinstitutionsandhavef,asextra-budgetaryincomeisgraduallyincludedintobudgetorintospecialaccounts,withtheimplementationofthecomprehensivepublicfinancebudgetmanagement,chargingfinesisliketransferringfundsbetween"theleftandrightpockets",therestr,intermsofthetypesofregulation-breachingactsoftheadministrativeandpublicestablishments,therearelesscasesrelatedtofinancialaccountingproceduresthantodecision-makingandadministrativeactionsoftheirleadership,whichincludesunauthorisedfunds,lavishdistributionofbonuses,deliberatetreasurymix,unauthorisedtaxreductionorexemption,,undersuchcircumstances,economicpunishmenthasbutlimitedeffect,anditsrationalityoughttobequestioned....Ifyouneedthefullcontext,pleaseleaveamessageonthewebsite.GuoLihongEconomicrestructuringtakesplaceconstantly,independentofpeople’sawareness,ngthemselvesinarelativewaywhencomparedwithothercountries,andthemostevirestructuring,anditcanachieveeitherafavorableoranunfavorableresult,,namely,thelarge-scaletransnationalflowofproductionfactors,large-scaletransnationalinvestmentofindustrialcapital,,anditincludesboththeemergenceofsunriseindustriesandenterprises,andthageisinnatureaprocessofstrengtheningtheeconomybothquantitativelyandqualitatively,,EuropeisonaparwiththeUS,,therearerelativelybigdifferencesamongEurope,,,,spontaneousevolutionprocess,nomenaandmarketdevelopment,,itisanorganiccombinationofaseriesofsocialandmarketfactors(education,culture,capital,technology,humantalents,industrialorganizationsandbusinessenvironment),butit’,thegovernmentsofvariouscountriesarelearningfromtheUSexperienceandhavestrengthenedsystembuildup,encoura,governmentalcapitalhas,theFrenchJospinGovernmentcreatedaventureinvestmentfundbytransferringreturingofemergingindustrializedcountriesandregions(representedbytheFourLittleAsianDragons).rrecttheirmistakes,andit’g-timeaccumulationofindustrialandcommercialcapitalofac,anyfailureinfence-mendingwillmakeitimposs,thecommonfocusofthestructuraladjustmentoftheFourLittleDragons(andinaweakersenseotherASEANcountries),itisashort-termmeasuretakenforthesakeofeconomicsecurity,whichisaime,Malaysiare-openeditsforeigncurrencyexchangemarket,andHongKonghandedbacktoinvestorsthe“officialstocks”,fence-mending,SouthKoreaincludedsomespecialmeasuresrelatedtoenterpriserestructuringinitsstructuraladjustmentprograms,suchasencouragingthedevelopmentofsmalla:(1)topromotethebirthandgrowthofhi-techenterprisesthroughintegratedpolicies;(2)toopenwidertothe,SouthKoreaiswillingtotakepoliticalrisks(duetodifferentsocialandculturalbackground)."shocktherapy"havecometorealizethatanyeconomicrestructuringrandomlydrivenbythemarketforceintheabsenceofbasiclawsandeffectivemechanismsonlyresultedin"shocks"withoutany"therapies".Thisisthe“post-Washingtonconsensus”.FormostformerSovietrepublicsandeasternEuropeancountriesintransformation,itseemsnottobetherighttimenowtotalkaboutanyactive,...Ifyouneedthefullcontext,pleaseleaveamessageonthewebsite.GeYanfengResearchReportNo83,2001Theissueofincomedistribution,however,istheobviousdisagreementintheanalysisandjudgmentarenteffectsengendered;itisthereforen,theoutstandingprobleminincomedistributionhadbeenegalitarianismcausedbythesystemofcen,therewasnotonlytheproblemofegalitarianismleftoverfromthesystemofcentrallyplannedincomedistribution,butalsothatofwideningincomegaparisingfromtheeconomicsystemreformandthemajorchangeinincomedistribution,,whatistheoutstandingproblem–egalitarianismandwideningincomegap,coexistatpresentandtheyareratheracute;,differencebetweentwojudgmentsactuallyconcentratesontheproblemofegalitarianism,thatis,,theproblemofegalitarianism,particularlytheminorincomegapinandamongthestate-owneddepartments,ismostoutstanding,,judgingfromthegeneralsituation,theboomingnon-statesectors,bothinthecountrysideandcities,decidetheirincomedistributionmechanismbymarketcompetition,andwiththeincomegapwidened,,asthereformadvances,state-ownedenterpriseshaveessentiallyestablishedtheirroleaskeymarketplayers,aduallywidening,andinsomeenterprises,,onecanhardlyjumptotheconclusionthategali,thedistributionsystemcharacterizedbyegalitarianismthatwecouldseeisthebasicwagedistributionmainlyingovernmentdepartments,,however,isthatthebasicwagesconstituteasmallportionofincome,andtherearestillotherformsofdistributionasnon-wagecashdistr,itisalsodifficulitarianisminincomedistribution,sometendtoadvocatethegovernment’sspeedingupwagereformsinthestate-ownedsectors,orinsimplewords,furtherwideningthewagedistributiongapwithanaimtosolvethetate-ownedsectorsisconsideredaproblem,suchanproposalasdi,,inprinciple,relyonincreasingthetotalpayroll,furtheriillintheloss-makingstatusmanylocalgovernmentshavefinancialdifficulties,itishardtopredictifthereissufficientcapabilitytomakesuchadjustmentorwhatconse,itishighlypos,non-wagecashincomeandnon-cashincomeinvariousformsmakealargeandunevenproportioninthetotalincomedistribution,,thedifference,bigorsmall,,itishig,theincomedistributioninthestate-ownedandstateholdingenterprisesinthecompetitivefieldsshallbegraduallyliberalizedonthebasisofdiversifiedstockrightsandimprovementintheinternalcorporategovernance,utionofenterprises,itwouldbedetrimentaltotherelationshipbetweenthegovernmentandenterprises,neitherwillitbeconstructivet,itishighlyposs,institutionsandindustrieswithnaturalmonopolyshouldbecontrolledbythegovernment,butsuchcontrolandtheextentofcontrolmustbedecidedwithreferencetosuchfactorsassocialaveragewagesonthebasisofintroducinginte,simplyimposingwagecontrolisextremelyundesirableforvariousreformmeasures,,,itisobviousthatpublicattentionconcentratesontheproblemofthewideningincomegap,,itisabsolutelyunwisetoregardas,itshouldbeconductedonthebasisofathoroughreformofpersonnelsystemanddistributionmethods(suchasfullmonetizationofincomeandanadequatetruthfulnessofwages).anceofthesocietySincetheadoptionofreformandopeninguppolicy,thewideningincomegapamongresidentsand,ther,leranceofsociety,toapproachtheextremelimitofunacceptabilitybythesociety,,theestimatedGinicoefficient(withurbanandruralcombined)’incomeandurbanincomeandseriousstatisticalerrorsinhighincomesandillegalincomes,,socialc,awideincomegapinevitablymeanspovertyforsomepeople,orevenalargeproportionofthesocialmembers,,weshouldbeonthefullalertforthecurrentobjectiveincomegap,letaloneotherfactors....Ifyouneedthefullcontext,pleaseleaveamessageonthewebsite.彩家园官网手机网页版重合同守信誉企业市级明星企业,dGuaranteeSysteminChinaSince1998,governmentsatalllevelsbeganexploringthepossibilityofhelpingsmallandmedium-sizedheendofJunethisyssurveyshowsthatthisnetworkdidplayapositiveroleidmedium-sizedenterprisesinoperationcanbesummarizedasfollows:(1)CorporateguaranteeinstitutionsasthemainbodyofthecurrentguaranteesystemMostoftheexistinginstitutionsarecreditguaranteeentities,naggregate,communityandinstitutionlegalentities,ofwhich,inantlybythegovernment(largelywithfiscalfunds),,withindependentaccountingandoperations,responsiblefortheirownprofitsandlosses.(2)HighdispersionasthemaintendencyofguaranteeinstitutionsUnderthegovernmentsponsorshipatvariouslevels,smallandmedium-sizedcreditguaranteeinstitutionshavemushroomedoverthepasttwoyearsinvillages,townships,nofgovernmentleaders,yspecialdepartments,suchasfinancialbureau,townshipenterprisebureau,economicandtradecommissionorassociationofindustryandcommerce,whoserules,haiBranchoftheChinaEconom,theirproviders--financialdepartmentsofvillage,townshipordistr,dispersionevencharacterizestheirdecision-makingmechanism.(3)SmallsizeastheirgeneralcharacterThishas,,thelargesthad10employees,wheDespitetheirpositiveroleindemonstrationandpromotionforcreditguarantee,theseguaranteeinstitutionsarealsoplaguedwiththefollowingnoteworthyproblems:(1)Absenceof,thefundsoftheguaranteeinstitutionsaremostlyonelumpsumfromlocalfiscalbu,havingnooptionotherthanraisingguaranteeconditions.(2)Absenceofrisk-sharingmechanismwithbank,guaranteeinstitutionsgenerallyshoulder70to80percento,fragilestrengthandweaknegotiationpositionmadeitpossibleformostbankstoshiftrisksinvolvedinprovidingcreditforsmallandmedium-sizedenterprisestotheguaranteeinstitutions,withmanyofthemforcedtoundertake100%capacity,butalsoweakenedthebanksexaminationandassessmentoftheenterprises,thusaggravatingrisksasawhole.(3)Lackofstandardizedmanagementan,atpresent,hems,,absenceofhorizontalexchangechannelsamongguaranteeinsti,creditguaranteerequiresexpertiseinfinance,fiscal,law,t-timeemployeesorretirees,,,thismanageme,excessiveguaranteesumforasingleprojectandotherabuses.(4)PronetoimproperandunfairfunddistributionThoughtheoreticallyofpublicwelfareandformassivesmallandmedium-sizedenterprisesinfundutilization,theco,thenatureofthecorporatesystemmadeitdifficultforthesegovernment-sponsoredguaranteecompaniestobeimmunetoprofittemptations,,someguaranteecompanieswereapttopreferlargeenterprisesandloathethesmallon,,nosh’ssubsidiesagainstriskstoprivateshareholders,alprocess,high,thec,theguaranteeinstitutionsbasicallyofferedtheirservicesonlyforcirculatingfunds,,,theguaranteeinstitutionsdemanded30%asguaranteefund,bankdemandedanother15%asguaranteefund,,,oftheguaranteesofferedbytheCreditGuaranteeAssociationintheYamagataCountyofJapan,70%requirednomortgage,withtheproportionoffundsgoingforequipmentinvestmentsreaching58%andthatlastingfromthreetotenyearshitting61%(seeCreditGuaranteeMonthly,,2001,publishedbytheYamagataCountyCreditGuaranteeAssociation).Clearly,servicesprovidedbytheexistingguaranteeinstitutionsinChinacanhardlymeetfinancingdemandsofthelargenumbersofsmallandmedium-sizedenterprises....Ifyouneedthefullcontext,pleaseleaveamessageonthewebsite.--riodafterChina’sEntryintotheWTOGeYanfengVariouscontradictionsinChina’semploymentsectorhavebecomeextremelydominantinrecentyearsandhaveseriouslyaffectedthecountry’,howChina’semplo,ChinasentryintotheWTOwillbringaboutlastingprosperityofitseconomyandfacilitatetheperfectionofitsmarketeconomicsystem,whichwill,however,afterChinaacceptedatpresent,ChinasentryintotheWTOwill,China’semploymentsituationinthetransitionalperiodafteritsentryintotheWTOdoesnotallowmuchoptimismwhenthecountry,withthegradualbreakingdownoftradebarriers,Chinawillenterastageofeconomicdevelopmentthatismoreopenandinvolvesfiercercompetition,andatremendouschangewilltakeplaceinthemodeofitseconomicgrowth,andontheotherhand,technicaladvancementwillgraduallybecomeamajorforcedrivingupeconomicgrowthan,theroleofGDPgrowthinstimulat’shiddenemploymentwillsurf’sentryintotheWTO,domesticmarketpriceswillfureofagriculture,declineinthepricesoffarmproducewillaffecttheincomeoffarmers,surbanareaswhereenterprisereformhasresultedinadrasticcutofsurpluslaborers,yetsuchsurpluspersonnelinstate-ownedenterprisesandcollectively-ownedtownshipenterprisesstillremainat20%ormoreaccordingtoaconservative’sentryintotheWTOandwiththeintensificationofcompetition,risesexposedtoheavierpressurefromimportcompetition,andthosewithrelative’sentryintotheWTO,thenumberofemployeestob’semberofbigcitiesin1997,andtheanalysisoftherelevantdataandindexesof1997and1998,therealunemploymentrateinurbanareaswasbetween13%and15%in1997and1998whenthenumbersofthejoblessandlaid-offworkerswereincluded.*ThespeedofChinaseconomicgrowthhasnoticeablypickedupsince1999,,therealunemploymentratestillstandsaround10%sentryintotheWTO,unemploymentwillturnfromhiddentovisibletoalargeextent,anditwillbemostpossibletoseeChina’sunemploymentratesurpass15%sentryintotheWTO,itseconomyupplyanddemandoflaborforcesindiff,swiftdevelopmentwillberegisteredinsuchsectorsasfinance,insurance,telecommunications,anddistributionaswellassomehi-techenterprises,,clothing,co,agreatmanycapitalandtechnology-intensiveindustriesthathavebeendevelopedtoboostproductionofimportsubstitutes,suchasmetallurgy,automobile,machine-building,pharmaceutics,andchemicals,mayinevitablysufferandhavetocutemployeesinlargenumberechnicalfoundation,ahigherdegreeofopenness,andobviousregionalsuperioritymayexpecttoseerelativelyfaster,smallandmedium-sizedcitiesinthecentralandwesternregions,wheresmallandmedium-sizedenterpriseswithbackwardtechnologyandequipmentareconcentrated,theywillmeetevengreate,state-ownedenterpriseswillhaveamorethornyburdenofredundantemployeesandfaceaheaviertaskofstructuralreadjustmentanddivertingredundantworkersafterChina,thenon-statesectorwillhavemoreroomfor,forseveralyearsafteritsentryintotheWTO,Chinawillbeencounteredwithaverytoughcontradictionofstructuralemployment,andunemploymentwouldbeextraordinarilysevereinspecialindustries,oldindustrialbases,smallandmedium-sizedcitiesincentralandwesternregionsaswelketandbecomeunemployedforlongperiodoftime....Ifyouneedthefullcontext,pleaseleaveamessageonthewebsite.’sentryintoWTOuponitsbulkfarmproduceThethirdministerialmeetingofWTOwasheldinSeattleoftheUnitedStatesinNovember,,thatis,themajorfarmproduceexportingcountries,demandedthatthemembersofWTOterminatetheirnationalpoliciesonsubsidizationofagricultureassoonaspossible,andfelloutwidelywiththeEuropeanUnion,Japan,Norwayandothercountries,n,allitsmembercountriesabidebyitsrulesonthetradingoffarmproduce,andislayingitsemphasisonthesupervisionofagriculturalsupportandprotectionpolicies(includingmainlytheirsupplyofdirectpricesubsidiestoexportersandexport-orientedfarmproduce),Chinawou,Chinawillfirstofallmeetwiththefollowingproblemsinitsfarmproducetrade:-yeartransitionperiodthatwillfollowitsentryintoWTO,Chlivestockandpoultry,dairy,aquaticproducts,driedandfreshfruitandvegetables,ldduringthetransitionperiodThefarmproduceChinaimportsundertheTRQsystemfallintofivevarieties:wheat,corn,rice,(1-3%)forproductscoveredinimportquotas,andhightariffs(76-40%)totheproductslistedabove,anddiffersfromminimumimportpromise(suchasthepromisesmadebyJapanandTaiwanProvinceofChinaforminimumimportofrice).China’,anditsimportquotasforcottonandsoybeanoilwillincreasefrom743,000tonsto894,,andthatimportedbeyondthequotawillbecuucecommodityWhenTRQisapplied,itisrequiredinWTOrulesthatsomeoftheimportquota,90percentofthequotasforwheatandearlypolishedindiciarice,33percentofthequotasforcotton,75percentofthequotasforcorn,50percentofthequotasforJaponicarice,and50percentofthequotasforsoybeanoilcanbeassignedbythegovernmenttostate-ownedforeigntradeenterprises,withtheremai’scurrentforeigntradesystemanditssystemforthecirculationoffarmproduceatthedomesticmarket,andcreationanddevelopmentofmarket-orientedente’sbulkfarmproducemarkettotheoutsideworldundertheTRQsystemwillexposethecountry’sgrain,cottonandsoybeanoilprod’sagriculturalproductionisrestrictedbythegreatpressurefromabigpopulationandlandandwaterresourceshortageforalongperiodoftime,andthebusinessscaleandlabourproductivityofitsruralhouseholdsaresmallandlabourproductivityislow,thedomesticpricesofitsgrainandcottonproduct,theTRQsystemwillproduceacomparativelygreaterinfluenceuponcornandcottonproductionthanuponwheatandsoybeanoilproduction,(mostlytraditionalagriculturalareaswithmoderateandlowincomes)hatChina’sland-intensivcos,relevantdepartmentsoftheUSGovernmentcompletedaresearchreportontheinfluencesinthe10yearsafterChina’sentryintoWTOupontheSieritbecomesaWTOmember,nospecialchangestakeplaceinthegrowthofitsGDPduringtheperiodofforecast,alltradeoffarmproduceishandledbystate-ownedenterprisesinChina,thepricesattheworldmarketaretransmittedtothedomesticmarketviastate-ownedtradingenterprises(asrevealedbycurrentdataonstate-ownedtrade),andtheprice:ChenXiwenResearchReportNo170,2001AnimportantjudgementofthestageofdevelopmentofChina’sagriculturewasmadebytheCommunistPartyofChinaatthe3rdPlenarySessionofits15thCongressinOctober1998:Thesituationoflastingshortageofmajorfarmproductsincludinggrainhaschangedintoasituationof“roughbalanceinaggregatetermsandsurplusinyearsofbumperharvests”.ThisindicatedthatthecontradictionofshortsupplyoffarmproductsinChinahasbeenbasicallysolvedandthatamajorturnwillbeenseeninChina’sagriculturethatdroveint,China’’incomestheessenceoftheIssueaboutChina’rmproductsincluding“surplusinyearsofbumperharvests”ingrainproduction,however,worrisomecontradictionsandproblemsbegantocropupingrowingnumbersinChina’sruralareas,thefieldthathasbeenhailedashavingwonChina’’seconomiclifeinrecentyears,thetopicmostoftendiscussedwouldbeth’sattentiononChina’sagricultureandruraldevelopmenthasfficultiesChinanowfacesinincreasingtheincomesoff,thegrowthoftheincomesofChinesefarmersdeceleratedyearbyyear:In1996,t,,,andin1999and2000,,theaver,,theincomegapbetweenChina’surbanandruralresidents(theaverageper-capitadispensableincomeofitsurbanresidentsandtheaverageper-capitanetincomeofitsruralresidents)::’sdifferentruralregionsinsocialandeconomicdevelopment,anyaveragefigureswouldcoverupnumerouscontradictionsandproblems(intheyear2000,forinstance,theaverageper-capitaincomeoffarmersinShanghaiwasRMB5,,morethanfourtimestheRMB1,).Asthesituationstands,e,asamatteroffact,intheyear-on-yeardecreaseintheearningofthecountry’itanetincomeofChinesefarmersinthelastfouryears:20108月通过ISO9001:2000国际质量管理。

    我公司以XieFuzhanandYuBinSincethebeginningofthisyear,,,’,thestatetookmeasurestodivertlaid-offworkersinthestate-ownedenterprises,reformthegovernmentinstitutions,pushforwardthehousingcommercializationandreformmedicalcare,,thesereformshavehadnegativeimpactontheresidents’,thecomprehensiveeffectofreformhasgraduallybecomeobvious–residents’expectationsh,%.Duringthe"goldenweek"inMay,thenumberoftouristssurpassed70millionperson/,’%,%.Althoughmostoftheproductsareinoversupply,andtheslightgrowthofpricesiscausedbythepriceriseineducation,housing,publicservices,petroleum,petrochemicalsandsteel,,andhousing,carandoth,%%%,,%,%oftherealestateinve%%,ofwhich,%,%.InApril,%%.Inlargecities,suchasBeijing,individualsboughtmorethan80%,,e%,the%,700state-,,theeconomywillfacequiteafewdifficultiesinthelatterhalfoftheyearduetothechangeofinternationaleconomicenvironmentandth,,China’(Spring)issuedbytheInternationalMonetaryFundinlateApril,%%%%.Generallyspeaking,,,wecanseethatthereexistmanydisputesontheforecastofAmericaneconomy,butthemaindivergenceliesinthejudge,,theeconomyintheASEANcountriesrepresentsvariablefactors,whosenegativeimpactoverChina’,foreigntradegrowthwasdeclining,ofwhich,%,theleadingindicatorsofprocessingtradeexportandthesituationinkeyexportareas,,,en,theUSdollar-linkedexchangemechanismofrenm,toacertainextent,weakentheinternationalcompetitivenessofChineseproducts,lowerthepricesofimportedproducts,,wecanseethatiftheannualexportsonlyincreaseby5%andimportsincreaseby15%,thenetde’simportandexportproductsareconsidered,...Ifyouneedthefullcontext,pleaseleaveamessageonthewebsite.、彩家园官网手机网页版用户至上yzc261亚洲城现金手机版XiaoJunyanResearchReportNo126,2002Steadyperformancehasbeenthemainfeatureoft,grain-growingareabecamemorestable,cotton-growingareadroppeddrastically,,;peasantincomeslightlyincreased;,,thestateintroducedaseriesofreformandpolicymeasures,whichwouldhelpimprovetheenvironmentforthedevelopmentoftheruraleconomyandespeciallyforthealleviationofthepeasants’(1),ivationwasthatafterthespringwheatinthenorthandthelong-grainednon-glutinousearlyriceinthesouthquitfromthestate’sprotectiveprices,,,theprolongedcoldrainsinthemiddleanddownstreamsoftheYangtzeRiver,llowRiver-HuaiheRiverregion,theYangt,thecontinuousrainsintheabsthanthatoflastyear,,(2)PeasantincomeThepercapitacashincomeofthepeasantsinthefirsthalfoftheyearwas1,123yuan,,,:’,thepercapitacashincomeofthepeasantsfromthesellingoffarmproductswas469yuan,’,thepercapitacashincomeofthepeasantsfromthenon-farmindustrieswas566yuan,’,China’sexperimentonreformingruraltaxandfeecollectionexpande’,thepercapitaspendingontaxesandfeesnationwidewas18yuan,(3)TownshipenterprisesThemainfeaturesoftheeconomicperformanceofthetownshipenterprisesinthefirsthalfoftheyearwereasfollows:,thetownshipenterprisesnationwiderealizedatotaladdedvalueof1,,,ofwhich,theindustrialaddedvaluewas1,,;theoperatingrevenuetotaled8,,;,;,;,,thetownshipenterprisesaccomplishedatotalindustrialoutputvalueof4,,,,,,,,omentum,,theirannualsalesrevenuetotaled5millionyuan;theindustrialenterprisesrealizedanaccumulatedaddedvalueof380billionyuan,,,,,,,,,,,risesofconsiderablescales,,however,hemonthlyaveragelevelofgrowthinthesecondhalfoflastyear....Ifyouneedthefullcontext,pleaseleaveamessageonthewebsite.Thetrendofmarketpricesin2,thegen002,andthecommodityretailpriceindex,theproducerpriceindexofindust(1)Priceperformanceisinanewroundofdecline,,theperformanceofmarketpriceshasallalongbeeninalow-lev,,,,,,theleadingindexindicatingthechangesofthegeneralpricelevel,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,ceinthepastfiveyears,we,thege,thegenerallevelofconsumerpriceposteda24-month-longcontinuousfallfromApril1998toApril2000,andposteda15-month-l,,thegenerallevelofconsumerpriceshasbeeninanewroundofdecline,postingan11-month-longnegativegrowth.(2)Whiletherehavebeennofundamentalchangesinthegeneralsituationofoversupply,,thefactthattherehavebeennofundamentalchangesinthegeneralsituationofovers,theChineseeconomyhasbeenplague,thestatehasbeenstickingtoapolicyofstimulatingdomesticdemand,andasaresult,thedemandofdomesticinvestment,,inparticular,mmoditiesconductedbytheStateEconomicandTradeCommission,t,,theproportionofthecommoditiespostingabasicbalanceinsupplyanddemandfellfro,thecontinuousfallofChina’smarketpricesinrecentyearshasbeenalogicalreflectionofabuyer’smarket,,thech,thepricesofmostofChina’,’smarketcontinuestodevelopandmarketcompetitionbecomesincreasinglyfiercer,,inthefirstroundofpricedecline,thepricesofafewservicesandmonopolyindustrieswhosepricesweresetbythegovernmentweredrasticallyadjusted,whichplayedcertainrolesincontainingthef’spricingmethodsbecomingincreasinglystandardinrecentyears,however,the,,whichwasthelowestgrowthinrecentyears().AnothernoteworthychangeisthatasaresultofChina’smoreopeningtotheoutsideworldandespeciallybecauseoftheimpactofthecountry’saccessiontotheWorldTradeOrganization,thecountry’spricingmechanismshavebecomemoreopenandtheimpactoftheinternationalmar’sWTOaccession,andthetariffreductionandtheincreaseofimportquotasforgrain,chemicalfertilizerandsomeothercommoditieswillfurtherintensifythepressureondomesticmarketcompetitionan,thetechnologicaladvancefeaturedbyhigherlaborproductiissharplylower,whichbringslessemergenceofnewproducts,,communicationsproductsandhouseholdappliancesinrecentyears....Ifyouneedthefullcontext,pleaseleaveamessageonthewebsite.ChenXiwenAgricultureandruraleconotedatthecentralgovernment,promotingscientificandtechnologicalprogressaswellasdevelopingindustrializedmanagementinagriculture,withtargetofincreasingfarmers,theagriculturalproductionisplaguedbyseveredrought,whichdamagedsum,thestructuraladjustmenthascontinued,withfocusonoptimizingbreeds,reducinggraincropsandexpandingcashcrops.(1)Grains:Itisinevitabletoseeareductioninsummergraincropsa,thesownareaofsummergraincropsis424millionmu,(statisticsfromtheMinistryofAgr).BytheendofMaytheareaofsummergraincropshitbydroughthadreached130millionmu,ain,(theMi).Itisestimatedthatthesownareaofearlyricewillbe92millionmu,adecreaseofover9millionmucomparedwiththepreviousyear,whileitsestimatedoutputwillbe64billionjin,,,duetotheseveredroughtinthenorth,especiallyinNortheastandeasternInnerMongoliathathadlatesowingtime,,thedrought-hi,whichalleviatedthedroughtinsomeareas,,ifthedroughtinthenorthcannotbealleviatedinthenearfuture,autumngraincrops,especiallythecornintheNortheastandNorthwillsufferfautumngraincrops,itisestimatedthatthetotalgrainoutputinthewholenationwillreach900billionjin,about20billionjinlessthanthepreviousyear.(2)Cashcrops:AreaofcashcropstoexpandcontinuouslyandsomeproductstohavesurplussupplyoverdemandTheestimatedsummerrapeseedareaof115millionmuwillshowanincreaseofover2millionmuoverthepreviousyear,,whichwillrecordanincreaseofover11millionmuoverthepreviousyear,whiletheareaofoil-,,whiletheestimatedareaofvegetableswillreach248millionmu,ottonwillcontinuetoincreaseproductionbylargemarginonthebasisofnearly600,000tonsinthepreviousyear,whoseestimatedtotaloutputwillbe5to6milliontonswithsupplyoverdemand;,andsincethefirstquarterthisyear,however,farmershavewitnessedreductionintheirincomedespiteincreasedsales.(3)Livestockproductsandaquaticproducts:stableincreaseandslightchangeinstructureInviewofthefactthatthepriceofpigsstartedtopickupfromthelatterhalfoflastyear,fromJanuarytoMaythisyearthepriceofthemainlivestockproducts,anexceed20milliontons,,muttonandpoultrymeatwillcontinuetobehigherthanthatofpork,meanwhiletheoutputofpoultryeggswillreportslightdecrease,irsthalfofthepreviousyear....Ifyouneedthefullcontext,pleaseleaveamessageonthewebsite.、DVORInthisformula,Yrepresentsthegrowthrateofoutput,Fstandsforthegrowthrateofkeyfactorsofproduction,αi,meanwhile,indicatestheproportionoftheremunerationsofvariouskeyfactorsofproductioninoutput.(Thesumtotaloftheremunerationsofvariouskeyfactorsinproductionundertheconditionoffullcompetitionandneutralityofscaleremunerationis1,,theremunerationsofvariouskeyfactorsofproductiondivideuptotaloutputcompletely.),however,,canbefurtherdecomposedintotwoparts:(1).Movementofproductionfunctionitself,ortechnologicalprogressinastrictersense.(2).Effec,,whatproductionfunctionstandsforisthemaximumoutputachievedby,theyaxlerepresentsoutput,andTE1andTE2showthetechn(1957),Aigner,Lovell,Schmidt(1977),andMeeusenandvandenBroech(1977):Me,theinSolow’sframeworkcanbedividedintotwoparts--technologicalprogressandchangeoftechnologicalefficiency,,economicreforminfluencesproductivitygrowththroughtwochannels,,thatis,toimprovetheoutputlevelbywayofrevolutiontoletitapproachthepossiblefrontierofproduction(toimprovetechnologicalefficiency),theanotherchannelistopromoteinnovationandinvention,thatis,’sproductivity,especiallythechangesthathavetakenplaceinthetwocomponentpartsofproductivity,whenwetrytounderstandtherootcauseofChina’secono,thepaperextendsthetraditionalSolowmethodbyintegratingitwiththemethodmentionedabovetoconstructionfunct:(1).Theremunerationsofproductionscaleremainunchanged.(2).Theoutputelasticityofcapitalandlabourchangeswithtime,andthestructureofproductionfunctionchangesaccordingly.(3).Technologicalprogressmovesatdifferentspeedduringdifferentperiodoftime.(4).,,however,productivitycanbedecomposedintotwoparts:uction,whilethelatte,underdevelopedcountriesandregionscanachievepositiveproductivitygrowthbynarrowingthegapbetweentheiroutputandoptimumoutput(improvementofefficiency).Thismethodofdecompositiondistinguishes,fromaquantitativeangle,theeffectproducedbyeconomicreformsonthelevelandgrowthoflong-termeconomicgrowth(Lucas,1988).Ontheonehand,theleveleffectofeconomicreformsleadstogrowthofactualoutput(movetowardthepossiblefrontierofproduction),andontheotherhand,thegrowtheffectmeansthateconomicreformleadstosustainabilityofeconomicgrowthbyraisingtheleydisappearwiththeelapseoftime,lyzethepane,,,autokofStatistics,withth,apricee"man/hours"....Ifyouneedthefullcontext,pleaseleaveamessageonthewebsite.LuZhiqiangResearchReport,,2000(Total1284)–,utit,:,aGerman,consideredthatglob,mostscholarsconsideredthatglobalizationshouldhavebegunfromthefirstindustrialrevolutionattheendofthe18thcentury,"globalization"firstappearedin1944,,accordingly,thatglobalizationtookshapeinthhtworldwideattentioninthe20thcenturywhereasthethirdjudgemento,thereareglaringgapsinpeople’sworldwidebecomeincreasinglycloserandthodeofproductionandtheenlargementofthemarketeconomicsystemintheentireworld,therefore,globalizationmeansWesternization,,theLisbongroupcomposingofscholarsfrommanycountriesconsiderthatglobalizationincludesthefollowingsevenaspects:theglobalizationofthepossessionoffinanceandcapital,theglobalizationofmarketandmarketstrategy,theglobalizationoftechnology,relatedscientificresearchanddevelopmentaswellasknowledge,theglobalizationoflivingstyleandthemodeofconsumptionaswellasculturallife,theglobalizationoftheadjustmentcapabilityandpoliticalcontrol,theglobalizationoftheworl,economy,science,technology,,thereislessdisagreementoneconomicglobalization,however,itcouldonlyberoughlydefinedasfollows:theinter-countryflowofcommodities(includingservices),informationandfactorsofproduction,theincreasingdegreeofmutualdependenceoftheeconomiesofallcountries,tcloseattentionwasmainlyattributedtothreephenomenathatemergedinandafterthemid-1980sintheworldeconomy:First,,theglobalcapitaltransactionvolumewasonlyUS$5,000billion,itincreasedsharplytoUS$35,000billionin1992,andisexpectedtoreachoverUS$80,mentCo,thetotalamountofmarketcapitalofthe48largestsecurityexchangesintheworldstoodatUS$31,700billionattheendof1999,surpassingtheworldgrossnationalproductforthefirsttime,andals,itsgrowthrate,,theaveragegrowthrateofgrossdomesticproductwas1%,buttheaverageannualgrowthrateofexportvolumeinglobaltradewasashighas6%%intheyear2000,higherthantheworldeconomicgrowthrate(%).Inaddition,thetradestructurealsounderwentadrasticchange,servicetradeemergedanddevelopedfast,%andaccountingfor20%,,thedevelopmentofdirectinvestmentoverseasandtheotheractivitiesbymultinationalcompaniessurpassedthegrowthrateoftheworldGDPandtrade,thegrowthrateofthesalesvolumeoftheiroverseasbenceoftheworldeconomy,itsinfluenceovertookthatofinternationaltrade,thusrewrit,theworldpoliticalenvironmentunderwentdramaticchanges,,thedétenteofinternationalrelationsprovidedafavorableinternationalenvironmentforthedevelopmentoftheworldeconomy,economicdevelopmenthasbecomeanurgenttaskforallcountries,nAsiaservedasamodelencouragingmoreandmoredevelopingcountriestoimitatethedevelopmentm,theformerrepublicsoftheSovietUnionandEasternEuropeancountriesaswellasthemajorityofsocial,thebreakthroughsinscienceandtechnoloessinoceantransportationandairtransporttechnologiesinthe1980sand1990sgreatlyredu,duringthe1990-1997period,thetransportcostofexportingcommoditiesworldwideaccountedformerely2%,long-distancetelephonecallchargefromNewYorktoLondonperthreeminutesdroppedfromUS$330in1930tomerelyUS$ductionlayoutandmanagementpossible.ChenXiwenResearchReportNo170,2001AnimportantjudgementofthestageofdevelopmentofChina’sagriculturewasmadebytheCommunistPartyofChinaatthe3rdPlenarySessionofits15thCongressinOctober1998:Thesituationoflastingshortageofmajorfarmproductsincludinggrainhaschangedintoasituationof“roughbalanceinaggregatetermsandsurplusinyearsofbumperharvests”.ThisindicatedthatthecontradictionofshortsupplyoffarmproductsinChinahasbeenbasicallysolvedandthatamajorturnwillbeenseeninChina’sagriculturethatdroveint,China’’incomestheessenceoftheIssueaboutChina’rmproductsincluding“surplusinyearsofbumperharvests”ingrainproduction,however,worrisomecontradictionsandproblemsbegantocropupingrowingnumbersinChina’sruralareas,thefieldthathasbeenhailedashavingwonChina’’seconomiclifeinrecentyears,thetopicmostoftendiscussedwouldbeth’sattentiononChina’sagricultureandruraldevelopmenthasfficultiesChinanowfacesinincreasingtheincomesoff,thegrowthoftheincomesofChinesefarmersdeceleratedyearbyyear:In1996,t,,,andin1999and2000,,theaver,,theincomegapbetweenChina’surbanandruralresidents(theaverageper-capitadispensableincomeofitsurbanresidentsandtheaverageper-capitanetincomeofitsruralresidents)::’sdifferentruralregionsinsocialandeconomicdevelopment,anyaveragefigureswouldcoverupnumerouscontradictionsandproblems(intheyear2000,forinstance,theaverageper-capitaincomeoffarmersinShanghaiwasRMB5,,morethanfourtimestheRMB1,).Asthesituationstands,e,asamatteroffact,intheyear-on-yeardecreaseintheearningofthecountry’itanetincomeofChinesefarmersinthelastfouryears:。

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