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ag国际亚游体育赌场【hpapro.com】为您提供集团最新官方网站,更高级的VIP服务体验,更多的优惠活动,更快速的存取款时间,专属美女客服一对一服务,赶快注册游戏吧。石河子怨新新能源有限公司(原安徽腊浪环顾问有限公司)成立于1994年,占地面积72406平方米,空军城市游戏注册其中生产厂房占地1127平方米,仓库面积占地7958平方米。固定资产9807万元,流动资产0343万元,干部职工共157人,工程技术人员70人。ag国际亚游体育赌场ByWangZhonghong,DevelopmentResearchCenteroftheStateCouncil(DRC)ResearchReportNo118,sdigitaltelevisionindustryAttheendof2008,Chinasdigitaltelevisionuserstotaledmorethan60million,accountingforabout15%ofthecountrysgoaltobasicallystopbroadcastinganaloguetelevisionby2015,thedigitaltelevisionindustrystillhastocoverabout85%,universalserialbuses,vehicleterminalsandspecialserviceequipmentwi,dataservices,s395milliontelevisionuserspays10yuanforvalue-addedservicesorpaycontents,measuretorejuvenateinformationtechnologyindustryandboosteconomicgrowthDigitaltelevisioninvolvesintegratedcircuits,consumerelectronics,ITequipment,broadcastingequipment,technicalservices,multimediacontents,astelevisionintothedigitalagebutalsopushforwardthedevelopmentofthewho,t%over2007,%growth,thesalesoftheele,%anselectronicinformationindustrynowfacesagravesituationduetotheimpactoftheinternationalfinancialcrisis,thedevelopmentofthedigitaltelevisionindustryundoubtedlycanplayimportantrolesinspurringthedomesticdemand,rejuvpeoplesbenefitsandstatesecurityandstabilityTelevisionisamassmediathathasthemostfrequentandclosestcontactswiththepeople,%contentsandservicesandenhancethelevelofthepeople,,itisthemostr,thegovernmentsinallcountriesexercisedirectadministrationovertheterrestrialdigitaltelevisionstandardsandtheirenforcement,tructurewillassumegrowingstrategicimportanceinChinaseconomicandsocialdevelopment,inimprovingthepeoplesionindustryintheneartermCurrently,Chinahassolidtechnical,organizationalandindustrialbasesfordevelopingdigitaltelevisionandisstrivingforarapiddevelopment.(1),whichbegantoenforcein2007thecompletelyproprietarydigitalterrestrialtelevisionstandard(DTMB).Sofar,thestandardhasbeenadoptedby10provinces,27citie,thestandardhasbeenproventobemoreadvancedthantheEuropeanandJapanesestandardsinthestandardcomparisonsandtestsinCuba,Venezuela,(CMMB)targetedon,theStateAdministrationofRadio,TelevisionandFilmhasalsoindependentlydevelopedthedirect-to-homesatellitetransmissiontechnologyABS-Stargetedontheremotemountainousareasandthevastruralareas,andhassucces,ChinaalsohasadvancedtechnologiesthathavewoninternationalrecognitionandwhoseproductsarebeingsoldtocountriesinEuropeandAmerica.(2),ChinantegratedCircuit,ShanghaiHighDefinition,BeijingLingxun,andBeijingTaiheZhiheng,thetelevisionsetmanufacturingenterprisessuchasChanghong,HaierandTCL,thebroadcastequipmentmanufacturingenterprisessuchasBeiguangTechnologiesandTongfangJiezhao,theset-topboxmanufacturingenterprises,themajortelevisionstations,,namelyTCL,Skyworth,Kongka,Changhong,HisenseandHaier,nowaccountforabout20%,Chinasuccessfullyconducteddigitaltelevisiontrialbroadcasting,layingafinefoundationformasscommercialapplication.(3),Chinasetupaleadinggroupfordigitaltelevisionresearch,,comprisingtheStateDevelopmentandReformCommission,theMinistryofScienceandTechnology,theMinistryofIndustryandInformationTechnology,theStateAdministrationofRadio,TelevisionandFilm,theStateQualityandQuarantineAdministrationandmanyothergovernmentdepartments,hasplayedkeyrolesinsetting,popularizingandindustrializingChina,atotalof150RDinstitutionsandenterprises,includingTsinghuaUniversityandHaierGroup,,chips,terminalproducts,programs,launchingandreceivingdisplayservicesandmanykeyproprietarytechnologies,theunionhasbecomeanintermediaryorganizationinthetechnologicalinnovation,standardpopularizationandindustrialdevelopmentofChina(1)andinvolvesdiversegovernmentfunctionssuchasequipmentregulation,contentregulation,operationregulationanduserguidanceanddiversegovernmentdepartmentssuchastheStateDevelopmentandReformCommission,theMinistryofIndustryandInformationTechnology,theStateAdministrationofRadio,,,nos,regulations,organizationalstandardsandindustrialpoliciestoeffectivelyboostthedevelopmentofthedigitaltelevisionindustry.(2)TheProcessofformulating,ascapacityforindependentinnovationindigitaltelevisionsoastofreeChinafromthemonopolyofforeigntechnologies,bringChinastechnologicalstandardstothesupportingstandardshavebeenrelativelyslow,,forexample,theChinesestandardshavebeenproven,nearlyhalfofthesupportingstandardsfordigitaltelevisionhavenotbeenformulatedandaccordinglytheproducershavenoalternativebuttowaitforthepromulgationofthesestandards,eventhoughtheyalreadyhaveproductioncapacities.(3)on,itisstillweakintheproductionofstudioequipment,high-definitionprogramproduction,metersandinstruments,,itsproductiontechnologyforliquidcrystalflatabledigitaltelevisioncontents,theindustryisstillnotedforinsufficientcompetition,regionalisolation,smallindustrialscale,lowscaleeconomy,insufficientimpetustooperatorsinimprovingservices,weakprofitability,,mutualnetworkingisstillimpossiblebetweendifferentprovi,500cablenetworkcompaniesnationwide,LongGuoqiang,ZhangLiping,HuJiangyunFangJinTodevelopindependentinnovationisanimportantt,tobuildcapacityofindependentinnothe,thenumberofforeign-investedenterprises(FIEs)approvedbyChinahadreachedanaccumulativetotalof670,tionintobetterplayisaquiteimportantissueforChina’studies,theTaskForce1hascomeupw,wecarriedoutaquestionnairesurveyamongforeign-investedmanufacturingenterprisesandforeign-investedRDcenters(institutions),,wehaveputforwardpolicysuggestionsongivingfullplaytothepositiveroleplayedbyFIEsinindependentinnovation..,independentinnovationcomesupinthreedifferentforms,namely,originalinnovation,integrdtheimplicationof"independent”,effectivepoliciesforfacilitatingindependentinnovationcannotbeformunovationactivities:ledbyChinesecorporatebodies(enterprisesorteachingandresearchinstitutions),beneficialtoformingorenhancingtheinnovationabilityofChineseenterprises/institutions,andentinnovation,thenitw,thedefinit,theinnovationactivitiesconductedby,someoverseascompaniesentrusttheirRDprojectstoChineseenterprisesorRDinstitutions,withtheChineseinstitutionshavingneitherdecision-makinganddominatingrightsovertheprojectsnorintellectualpropertyrights(IPRs)onductresearch,whereastheoverseasinstitutionisnotthesubsidiaryoftheChineseenterpriseandsuchactivitiesarenotbeneficialtoformingorenhancingtheRDcapacityofChina,,someChineseautoenterprisesentrustEuropeandesigningcompaniestoworkoutnewtypesofcarstobeproducedinChina,,thentheRDactivitieswillberegardedasinnition,,HuaweiGrouphassetupsomeRDcentersoverseasandhasconductedinnovationactivitiesthroughthosecentersanditsatisfiesthethreeconditions,thus,theactivitiesconductedbyHua,yettheIPRsdonotbelongtotheChineseentitiesbuttoanoverseascompany,thensuchanactivityshouldnotberegardedasindependentinnovation,,someODMprojectshavebeenresearchedanddevelopedbyChineseenterprisescannotberegardedasinovationTherehavebeencontroversiesovertherelationctanberegrd,tojudgewhetheraninnovationactivityisanindependentinnovationshouldnotbebased,transnationalcorporationshavesetupmorethanonethousandRDinstitutionsinChinaandquiteanuldbeviewedasindependentinnovation,whileothershavenotcompliedw,PanAsiaTechnicalAutomotiveCenterisajointventureestablishedbyGeneralMotorsCorporationandSAICMotorwi,someofPanAsia’sRDactivitiesconductedinChinashouldbeviewedasindepend,althoughanumberofforeign-investedRDinstitutionshaveregisteredthemselvesinChinaasChina-basedcompaniesandarecompetentindoingresearchanddevelopment,however,astheRDdecisionsaremadebytheiroverseasparentcompanies,theydonothavethedominatingrightoverRDactivitiesandtheintellectualpropertyrightsovertheirRDresultsareownedbytheiroverseasparentcompanies,therefore,,therelationshipsbetweenFIEsandindependentinnovationandbetweensuchentalpartofindependentinnovation.。

    ByZhangYongwei,GeneralOffice,theDRCResearchReportNo69,chnologicalbreakthroughs(1)Continuousbreakthroughshavebeenmadeintheconversionrate%shareofthephotovoltaicmarket,highercon,thec%%,thusreducingthecostofsolarcellsystemsby14%.Inthemeantime,thethicknessofsiliconwafershasreduceddrasticallyfrom300umto170umandtheconsumptionofsiliconmaterialshasdroppedsharplyfrom12kg//,thecostofsiliconmaterialshasfallenbyabout30%.Thelatestexperimentaldataindica%andth%.(2)Thin-filmcell,back-contactcell,concentratorsolarcell,automatic-trackingflatsolarcelltosensitivematerialonacheapglass,to180~200um,thethin-filmsolarcellisonlyseveralumthick,orjustabout1%//,theconversionrateofthin-filmsolarcellhasalsogoneupsharply,withtheconversionrateofcommercializedproductsreaching11%%.Tialization,withtheconversionratebeingabletoreach20%%.Thetechnologyofconcentratorsolarcellusesaconcentratortocondensesunlightfromafairlylargeareatoafairlysmallscopesoastoforma"focalspot"or"focalstrip".Placingasolarcellonthefocalspotorfocalstripcanincreasel,%.Althoughthistechnologyhastofurtherimproveitseconomicefficiencyandsolveotherproblems,un,itcanincreasethesystem’spowergenerationby20%~50%.Theautomatic-trackingflatsolarcellsystemcanveryliindustrializationAsaresultoftheco-actionoftechnologicaladvance,widerapplicationandfallingpricesofrawmaterials,thecost,thepriceofpolycrystallinesiliconwhichaccountsfornearly40%ofthetotalcostofphotovoltaiccomponentshasdroppedfrom250dollars/kgin2006to140dollars/kgin2008,~/,someauthoritativeinstitutionsintheworldareveryupbeataboutthefuturecostofphotovoltaicpowergeneration,~/,thecostofphotovoltaicpowergenera/"energy-consuming"or"high-polluting"industryPeopleoftendefinethephotovoltaicindustryasanenergy-consumingoneonthegroundthatrefiningonetonofpolycrystallinesiliconhastoconsume160,000kw/,theenergyconsumedfor10,000-yuancomponentoutputvalue(includingtherefiningofpolycrystallinesilicon)undertheexistingtechnologicalconditionsisabout900kw/ts,thephotovoltaicproductsareenergyproductsthatconsu,onekwofcrystallinecellsconsumeabout2,600kw/handcangenerate1,300kw/(theservicelifeisgenerallybelievedtobe25~30years),onekwcrystallinecellscanproducenetenergyforatleast18years,or23,400kw/,eveniftheoutputofthephotovoltaicindustrynationwidereaches30GMby2020,/%,theelectricpowerconsumptionbytheironandsteelindustryin2008wasabut394billionkw/h,%ofthecountry’stotalelectricpowerconsumption;theelectrolyticaluminumindustryconsumedover150billionkw/hofelectricpowerin2008,%ofthecountry’,itisunscientifictousetheenergyconsumptionforpertonofpolycrystallinesilicona,theenergy-consumingcrystallinesiliconenterprisamcrystallinesiliconenterprisesisbellow140,000kw/sumptionforpertonofpolycrystallinesilicon.ByGongSen,ZhangWenkuiChenChangshengResearchReportNo122,2010Ensuringandimprovingpeopleswell-beinginvolvesemploymentpromotion,incomedistribution,education,healthcare,housingguarantee,socialassistanceandsocialinsurance,andtheliableentitiesincludeindividuals,families,employingunits,ermsofeducation,healthcare,housing,,thefirstthreearebasicpublicservi~2015,irst30yearssincereformandopeningup,sassumethattheannualaverageexportgrowthrateis12%orsobetween2010~2015,~%during2010~2015period,thenaccordingtothepreliminarycalculationmadeatconstantpricesof2008,thedeclineoftheexpo~,,,basedonthedifferencesinaddedvalueratesofbothdomesticandforeigndemand,securityandthehouseholdconsumptionratearebothonthelowside,sdomesticdemand,investmenthasgrownhighly,,theimprovem,tofurthertapthelatentpotentialitiesforthegrowthofthxpenditureinclusiveofsocialinsurancefund,theproportionofexpenditureonbasicsocialsecurity(includingeducation,healthcareandhousing)intotalexpenditurespentbythegovernmentsofcountrieswiththeirper-capitaGDPreaching3000~%onanaverage(,,DC.),whilesuchaproportioninChinaregistered38%orsoin2008(figuredoutaccordingtoChinaFinancialYearbook,2009,ChinaSocialInsuranceYearbook,2009andstatisticalbulletinsondevelopmentofsocialundertakings).Comparingthetwopercentages,GDP,,healthcare,housingsecurity,socialassistanceandold-agelife,%(WangShanmai,"GivingPrioritytoDevelopingSocialSecurityRequiresUrgentInput",,January13,2009),2%(WHO,),1%(LiuZhifeng,"DevelopingLow-rentHousingIsaMoveforImprovingtheUrbanHousingSecuritySystem",,May25,2008),%(Weigand,,DC:WorldBank.)%[Asher,:,Robert,etal.(eds.)ClosingtheCoverageGap::WorldBank.]respectively,%,whileproportionsoffivetypesoffinancialexpenditurespentbyChinain2008(figuredoutaccordingtoChinaFinancialYearbook,2009,ChinaSocialInsuranceYearbook,2009andstatisticalbulletinsondevelopmentofsocialundertakings)%,%,%,%and0%respectively,%.ComparingthepercentagesbetweenChinaandtheaforesaidcountries,,,,,rsandthehouseholdconsumptionrate,thehouseholdconsumptionrateoftheEastAsiancountrieswiththeirper-capitaGDPreaching3000USdollarsorsoshouldbearound60%(/WDI.),%,ionofnationalincometoisprimarydistributionofitsnationalincome,theabsoluteincomelevelo,theincomegapbetweenregions,ruralandurbanareas,,someproblemsthatcropupintheprimarydistributionhav,slaborshareisbasicallyinlinewiththe"UCurve"(Inthecourseoftheeconomicdevelopmentinvariouscountries,thechangeoflaborshareinprimarydistributionshowstheUCurve,namely,thelaborsharedeclinesbeforeitrises,,LiuLinlinWangHongling:"UCurveofLaborShareEvolutioninGDP",EconomicResearch,1stIssueof2009)supportedbyinternationalstatistics,andthewideningincomegapbetweenChineseresidentsalsotallieswith"KuznetsCurve"(WangXiaoluFanGang:"AnAnalysisoftheTrendsoftheIncomeGapinChinaandtheInfluencingFactors",EconomicResearch,10thIssueof2005).AccordingtoKuznetsanalysis(Kuznets,,AmericanEconomicReview,)ofthechangingincomegap,asimilarityexistsbetweenChinaandthecountriesofmaturemarketeconomy,namely,industrializationandurbanizationwillinitiallycauseandaggravatethelowratioofthelaborshareinincomedistributionandthegrowingdisparityandwillyetimprovetheincomedistributioninthelongrun.10-200米ByWuZhenyu,,2008Monetarypolicyusuallymaintainsmacro-economicstabilityandstabiliz,monetarypolicycanworkeffectivelyontheconditionthatdifferen,,orhowmuchtheeffectivenessofmonetarypolicycanbeaffected,tosomeextent,,asadevelopingcountryintransitionperiod,currentmarketeconomyhasnotbeenperfectedyet,witdifferencesofmnetaryPolicyTheregionaldifferencesintheeffectivenes,theregionaldifferenceinthemonetarypolicyisarelativeconcept,,namely,,whilethelattergenerallydependsonthesimilarityamongeconomics,dedquantitativelywithimpulseresponsefunctionbasedonVAR(vectorautoregression)andmonetarysupplyin24provincesbetween1990and2006(pleaserefertotheappendix),。

    巴黎人AG灵猴献瑞Source:deningincomedisparitybetweenurbanandruralareas,betweenindustriesandbetweendifferentsocialgroupsandtheconspicuousinequityinincomedistributionhavebecometheproblemsinChinasincomedistributionthathavetriggeredthestrongestpublicreaction.(1)Theurban-ruraldisparityhasbeenanimportantreasonforChina,theChinesegovernmenthasattachedgreatimportancetotheissuesofagriculture,countrysi,,,,measuringincomedistribution,hasgoneupslightlyforbothurbanandruralresidentsinrecentyears,sdisparityinpersonalincomedistributioncontinuestoreflecttheurban-ruraldisparitybyabigmargin.(2),Chinasincomedisparitybetweendifferentindustrieswasnotserious,,yindicatethattheaveragewageoftheworkersintheindustriesofelectricity,telecommunications,finance,insuranceandtobaccowas2~,therealincomedisparitycouldrangebetween5~nologicalintensity,theinter-daryDistribution(%)Third,theChineseeconomybeganagradualintegrationwiththeworldeconomyafterChineseChairmanMaoZedongandAmericanPresidentRichardNixonshookpoliti,theformerEastEuropeanandSovietcountriesandsomecountriesinLatinAmerica,thewaveofeconomicinteg,andmadeitpossibleforglobaleconomicdevelopmenttofullyenjoythe"dividendofglobalization"andthe"dividendofpopulation".Asaresult,,thefloatingexchangeratesystemandtheopportunityarisingfromtheeconomicgrowthcycleinthenewroundofglobalization,donceagainfloodedtheworldwi,,rosefromUS$$,$100trillionin2002toUS$516trillionin2007,agrowthofmorethanfivefolds.TaskForceonAnalysisofChinasEconomyintheFirstHalfof2009andProspectsforEconomicPerformanceintheLatterHalfoftheYearThepackageeconomicstimulusprogramformulatedbytheCPCCentralCommitteeandtheStateCouncilhasachievedremarkablesuccessinstabilizingth,however,hasnotbeensolidandmoreattentionshouldbegiventosuchprobinthemid-and-longrun,weneedtoenhancethesustainabilityanackageeconomicstimulusprogramoftheCPCCentralCommitteeandtheStateCounciltakingeffectgradually,remarkablesucivefactorsaftertheSinceNovember2008,inaccordancewiththerequirementthatweactfast,beforceful,taketargetedmeasuresandstressimplementation,thegovernmen,theCentralGovernmenthasarrangedaninvestmentof908billionyuan,,moretha,therateofdisbursementofthefundsinfullexceeded64%andtherateofdisbursementoftheinvestmentfundsbudgetedbytheCentralGovernmentreached94%.Increaseofinvestmentinbringingsupportandbenefittofarmersandinimprovingpeopleslivelihoodandaseriesofmovesaimedatpromotingemploymentandrevitalizingtheindustrieshavecre,thebroadmoneysupplygrewby25%,beingnearly,tandeffectivelyexpandedChinasdomesticdemandandalleviatedthes,theglobaleconomiccrisisandeconomicregulationwillaffecttheemploymentandincomeexpectationsoftheres,sincethebeginningofthisyear,theactu,thea%and10%respectively,,thetotalretailsalesofsocialconsumergoodsroseby15%andwereabout2percentagepointshigher,thechangeoftheshort-termincomewillhavelessinfluenceonhouseholdconsumptionandthatsolongasthepolicyisproperlyadjusted,therinvestmentisadesirableobjectivetobeachievedbythegovernmentthroughincreaseofinvestme,notonlydidtheinvestmentmadebythestateandstate-holdingenterprisesgrowfast,buttheinvestmentmadebyotherenterprises,includingcollectively-owned,self-employedandprivately-operatedenterprises,%.Thehallmarkfactisthatsalesofrealestateandautomobiles,twomajorleadingindustries,havegrownatanacceleratedpace,,%,yearonyear,%ntspeededupmonthbymonthfrom1%duringJanuaryandFebruaryto12%,,respectively,up11%and14%,,thenumberofmanufacturedandsoldautomobilesgrewby29%and24%sexportcommoditiesFromJanuarytoMay,China,afterallowingforpricerises,,theimportandexportcargohandlingcapacityofChina%,,themarketshareoccupiedbyChinasexportcomm,theproportionofChina%,,andtheproportionofChina%ofallJapansimports,,theproportionofChina%,,themomentumoftheChinescentagepointshigherthanthatinthefirstquarterandtheaccumulativegrowthratewillbeslightlyhigherthan7%inthefirsthalfoftheyear.ag国际亚游体育赌场重合同守信誉企业市级明星企业,ByRenXingzhou,,2008Inthefirsthalfof2008,Chinasmacro-economymaintainedarapiddevelopmentonthewhole,withthegrossdomesticproduct(GDP)%,newchangestookplaceinsomemacroeconomi;priceriseremainedatahigherlevelandthepressureofamedium-andlong-termpriceriseintensified;uncertainandprecariousfactorsineconomicoperationifmajordifferencesamongthepublicinthejudgmentofthecurrenteconomicsituation,an,fullyunderstanding,analyzingandjudgingthecurrenteconomicsituationisimperativetoformulatingthemacroeconomicpolicies,ameliorati:TheEconomyDevelopedtowardtheAnticipatedDirectionundertheMacroeconomicRegulationintheFirstHalfof2008Duringthefirsthalfof2008,China,%fromayearearlier,,%inthefirstquarter,,%inthesecondquarter,,thosewhohaveadoptedanoptimisticattitudemaintainthatthefactorssupportingtherapideconomicgrowthhavenotradicallychanged;whileothersarguethatalthoughtheeconomicgrowthremainedatafasterpace,thegrowthfellconsiderably,riodoflastyear,itmaintainedasteadyandfastgrowth,withthegrowthbeingnotonlymuchfasterthanthecurrentworldaverage(%,),%thatwasrecordedover30yearssinceChinasreformandopeningup,breakingroughlyevenwithChina%duringthisroundofeconomicgrowthcycle(2002-2007),andthecurrentgrowthhasbeenrealizedatarateofmorethan10%,itcanbesaidthatduringthefirstsixmonthsthenationaleconomydevelopedbyandlargetowardtheanticipateddirectionunderthemacroeconomicregulationandsomepositivechangesappearedineconomicoperation,,factorscausinganexceghlyanalyzedtheconspicuousproblemsinChinaseconomicdevelopmentoverrecentyearsandsetforththemacroeconomictaskof"TwoPrevents""TwoPrevents"istopreve,theeconomicgrowthdeclinedrationallyinthefirsthalfoftheyea,thefixedassetinvestmentofthewholesocietyalwaysmaintainedarapidgrowth,%annually(Figure1).Inordertobringtheexcessivelyfastgrowthofthefixedassetinvestmentundercontrol,Chinahascarriedoutthepoliciesofencouraginggrowthinsomesectorsanddiscouragingitinothersoverrecentyears,,Chinahasfurtherincreasedinvestmentinagriculturetogiveimpetustothesteadygrowthofagricultureandhastakenstrictcontrolovertheinvestmentinindustriesobsessedwithsurpluscapacity,highenergyconsumptionandhighw,,%yearonyear,,afterallowingforthepriceriseinfixedassetinvestment,actuallyuparound16%,,;%;theinvestmentincentralandwesternregionsofChinagrewnotablyfasterthaninChina,,theconsumptiondemandacrossChinaincreasedfast,,%yearonyear,,afterallowingforthepricerise,%,beingstillahighgrowth(Figure2),,%,;,%,;thetradesurplusamountedto99billionUSdollars,wthexcessivelydependingoninvestmentandnetexportsischangingandthatthedifferencebetweentheincreaseoffixedassetinvestmentincitiesandtownsandunderthemacroeconomiccontrol.,2008Since2008,theeconomicoperationhasbeenadvancinginthedirectionthatwasanticipatedwhentheguidelineof"TwoPrevents"(preventfasteconomicgrowthfrombecomingoverheatedgrowthandkeepthestructuralpriceincreasefromturningintosignificantinflation),theriseofconsumerpricesisslowingdownandtheriskoft,therehaveappearedmoreandmuchinfluentialprecariousandunstablefactorsthanexpectedintheeconomicoperation,thu,thefactorsdrivinguppricesarechangingandthemedium-andlong-termpressuresfrominflationcannotbeneglected;moreover,theeconomicgrowthisconfrontedwithvariouspressuressuchasthedecreaseofexternaldemand,theunstableChinesedomesticdemandandtheincreaseofdifficulties,etc..Inthelaterhalfoftheyear,themacroeconomicpolicyshouldbeaimedatfindinganewbalancepointbetweenstabilizingpricesandmaintainingastableandfasteconomicdevelopmentinorderto"alleviatetheinflation,stabilizethegrowthandfacilitatetheeconomicreforming".iseAreChangingRecently,thedominantfactorsdrivingupconsumerpricesarechangingandtheimpactproducedbytherisei,theriseofconsumerpricesislikelytoslowdown,b,andthedominantfactorsfortheriseareswitchingfrommeatandeggproductstofoodstuffandindustrialconsumergoodsTheriseofconsumerpricessinceMay2007hasbeenmainlyfueledbytheriseoffoodprices,andtheriseoffoodpriceshascontributedanaverage83%,thepricesofthoseproductshavefallen%%%%,exceptformeatandeggs,,affectedbythepriceratioeffectresultingfromtheriseinpricesofmeatandeggs,pricesofaquaticproducehaveincreased,%inMayascomparedtothesameperiodoflastyear,partlybalancingtherestrain,affectedbythedrasticriseoffoodstuffpricesonworldmarket,%,exceptforsoybean,Chinasfoodstuffsaremuchlessdependentonworldmarket,therefore,thefoo,thewideningfoodstuffpricespreadbetweenChinaandtherestoftheworldandthedemonstrationeffectofthehighfoodstuffpricesonworldmarketar,thedrasticriseinpricesofmeansofproductioncausedbytheriseinpricesofprimarycomms,thecostincreasecausedbytheriseinpricesofmeansofproductionhasbeendigestedandabsorbedinproduction,withonly10%or,thefastincreaseinpricesofmeansofproductionsince2008hasobviouslydrivenupthepricesofpartofthemeansofsubsistence,,ex-factorypricesofclothesandarticlesofevery%,%%respectively,mainhighforanexcessivelylongperiodoftime,andiftheprocessingandmanufacturingindustriesbecomelessandlesscompetentfordigestingandabsorbingtheriseinpricesofupstreamproducts,thenpricesofindustrialconsumergoodsar,affectedbythedrasticriseofrealestatepricesandtheincreaseinelectricityandwaterpricesoverrecentyears,ulywillalsobecisehasacceleratedSinceSeptember2007,prices%inMay2008,%,,itwasmainlytherapidexpansio,thepresentriseinpricesofmeansofproductionresultedfromtheincreaseofproductioncostbroughtaboutbytheriseinpricesofsuchprimarycommoditiesasironore,coalandcrudeoilaga,%oftheriseinpricesofmeansofproduction;theriseinpricesofChina-madeironore,,%,namely,,%oftheincreaseweredrivenupbytheriseinpricesofChina-orforeign-madeironore,coalandoil,whichisatypicalcost-drivenpricerise.ByLaiYouwei,DevelopmentResearchCenteroftheStateCouncilResearchReportNo038,2010Inrecentyears,thegrowthofChinasserviceindustryasawholehasbecomevisiblyfaster,withbothmodesproducerserviceindustrieshRapidEconomicGrowthAsChinawidensitsopeningtotheoutsideworldandgraduallyimprovesitsinfrastructuresandmarketsystems,thecountrysproducerserviceindustrieshavealsodevelopedrapidly,providingastrongsupportforthedevelopmentofmanufacturin,theseindustriesstillrepresentasmall,theaddedvalueofChinastertiaryindustrywas13,134billionyuan,%%alcrisis,modernserviceindustriesandespeciallyproducerserviceindustrieshavemaintainedanexcellentdevelopmentmomentuminspiteofu,serviceeconomyspearheadedbyproducerserviceindustrieshasappearedinBeijing,Shanghai,Guangzhouandothercities,w,%ofBeijingstotaloutputvalue,theproducerserviceindustriesclaimeda60%shareofthetotaladdedvalueofthecityvidesNewGrowthFieldsforChinasEconomicDevelopmentInrecentyears,,publicnotary,legalassistanceandeconomicarbitration;theinvestmentandassetsmanagementservicesincludingprojectplanning,financialconsulting,acquisition,fundandprivatebanking;theeconomicappraisalservicesincludingassetsappraisal,verificationandtest;theconsultingservicesincludingmarketinvestigation,engineeringconsulting,managementconsultingandcreditservice;theproducerserviceindustrieswithgreatdevelopmentpotentialsincludingindustrialdesign,convention,exhibition,Internetinformationservice,e-business,,thevigorousdevelopmentofnewproducerserviceindustrieshasprovidednewgrowthfieldsforChina,theserviceoutsourcingindinscaleSincethebeginningofthenewcentury,software,informationserviceandotherproduce,serviceoutsourcingundertakenb,China%%to410,,citieslikeShanghai,Beijing,DalianandHangzhouallhaveinternationalserviceoutsourcingparks,nothepatter,Chinaonthsof2009,Chinahad3,287newenterprisesengagedinserviceoutsourcing,offeringemploymentto585,,398,000newuniversitygraduateswereemployed,foreignserviceoutsourcingcontractsworthUS$%higheryearonyearweresigned,andcontractsworthUS$%,Chinahad8,060enterprisesengagedinserviceoutsourcing,sserviceoutsourcingindustryhasenormousdevelopmentpotentialsAsChinasserviceoutsourcingindustryisstillinthetake-offstage,,thafreshpushofthecentralandregionalgovernments,Chinasserviceoutsourcingindustrywillcontinuethestrongdevelopmenthatby2013,Chinasinternationalserviceoutsourcingindustrywillgrow43%annuallyonaveragetoUS$30billion,2,000la,sserviceoutsourcingindustryhasscoredrapiddevelopmentdespiteinternationaleconomicdownturn,wemussserviceoutsourcingindustryisstillnotedforweakcorporatestrength,inadequateinnovationcapacity,unsoundpublicservicesystemandlimitedinternationalinfluence.WeiJigangThekeyindustriessuchaspetrochemicals,ironandsteel,nonferrousmetals,equipmentmaking,electronicinformation,lightindustry,textiles,auto-makingandshipbuildingenewcenturyandtheoutburstofthefinancialcrisis,wiskeyindustrieshavedevelopedrapidlyinrecentyearsduetoacceleratedindustrializationandurbanization,high-levelmarketizationandopeningup,continuousscienceandtechnologyadvance,activepolicysupport,richfactorinput,acceleratedtransferofsomeindustriesfromdevelopedcountriestoChina,~2008period,theaverageannualaddedvaluegrowthwasabout20%forthepetrochemicalindustry,morethan20%forthelightindustry,%fortheequipmentindustry,and56%~2007period,%.Theautosalesgrewatanaverageannualrateof21%duringthe2000~erageannualrateofabout30%duringthe2001~%%duringthe2001~2008period,andt%duringthe2002~,,,35milliontonsofprocessedfibers,,,,,,137millionmicrocomputers,560millioncellphones,,nearlyhalfofcellphones,ICs,colorTVsets,displays,programmedswitchboards,thekeyindustries,butmostoftheseindustrieshavemaintainedahigh-growthmommentofChinaonoftenmajorindustries,thedrasticincreaseofgovernmentspending,thesubsidizedsalesofhomeappliancestoruralareas,thetrade-inofautomobilesandhomeappliancesfornewones,theadjustmentoftherealestatetransactiontax,theexemptionofpersonalincometaxfromtheinterestsofsavingsanddeposits,theadjustmentoftariffsforsomeexportproductsandexportrebates,em,thepromotionofemployment,,adjustingindustrialstructure,spurringdomesticdemand,promotingsocialstability,,andsolvedshort-termdifficultiesencounteredinindustrialdevelopment,thusensuringthestayingpowerforsustainedin,,mostofthekeyindustriesmaintainedafairlyhighgrowthbutsomeofthemwereseriously%,%forthechemicalindustry,%%,%,%%,theoutputvalueoftheenterprisesabovethestate-designatedscaletotaled10,,%,theoutputvalueofth%,orup47%,theoutputvalueofthe53,110textileenterprisesabovethestate-designatedscaletotaled3,,%,,%%,%009sincethebeginningofthenewcendastheworldeconomygraduallywarmedup,,,%ndentinnovationcapacity,industriallayoutandownershipstructure.(1)Boththeindependentinththroughthecourseof"import,digestion,absorptionandinnovation".Thankstotheirhighgrowth,thekeyindustrieshavegradu,anewtechnologicalinnovationmodelthatfeaturestheleadingrolesofenterprises,theguidanceofmarketsandthecooperationbetweenenterprises,universitiesandresearchinstitutionshasbeendeveloped,theinnovationoutputshavebeengrowingannually,technologicalbreakthroughshavebeenmadeinsomekeysectors,andtheoverallcapacityforindependentinnovationhasbecomesomewhatstronger.20108月通过ISO9001:2000国际质量管理。

    我公司以ByXiangAnbo,EnterpriseResearchInstituteofDRCResearchReportNo72,sMineralResourcesCharacterizedbyaRichAggregateyetaPer-capitaInadequacyBeingvastinterritory,Chinaisabigproducer,,Chinastot,ataper-capitacalculation,Chinasmineralresourcesonlyaccountfor58%oftheworldaverage,edby"ThreeMajoritiesandOneDifficulty",completecategorieswithunsatisfactorystructureandarelativelyconcentrate,,onlysuchmineralresourceswithtraditionaladvantagesastungsten,stibium,rare-earth,graphiteandmagnesite,seetheirper-capitadepositsexceedingtheworldaverage,whilethedepositsofthestrategicmineralresourcesthatareofvitalimportancetothenationaleconomyandthepeopleslivelihood,suchasiron,manganese,chromium,copper,aluminum,goldandsilver,,copperandaluminum,onlycometo1/6,1/6and1/9oftheworldaverage,,ofthe45sortsofkeymineralresources,onlythesupplyof23sortscanbeguaranteed,whilethesupplyof10sortshastobeguaranteedthroughimportsoveraprotractedperiodoftimeand5sortsdependmainlyonimportsasaresultofscarcity;andby2020,onlythesupplyof6sortscanbeguaranteed,sseveremineralconstraintsarereflectedbymorethan10sortsofmineralresources,suchasironore,bauxite,copperore,uranium,sylvite,nickelandmanganeseore,,copper,aluminum,leadandzincareallconstraintmineralsofChina,andcopperandaluminumrestrainChinasumptionofresourcesChinasindustrializationdriveisaprocessofindustria,Chinasuffersmoreres,ChinaisenteringeousconditionstobeusedbyChinatorealizeitsmechanization,electrization,electronizationandinformatizationsynchronically,relatedstudieshavepredictedthatby2020whenChinainitiallyrealizesitsindustrialization,Chinasper-capitaannualconsumptionofmineralresourceswillpossiblybelo,duetoChinaslargepopulation,,Chinawillstillincreaseitsconsumptionofmineralresource,thecoefficientofelastic,inordertoensureadevelopmentfornext20years,Chinawillneedatleast30billiontonsofironore,rs,thegrowthofdepositsofChinasmajormineralresourceshasbeenslowerthantheincreaseofmineralproducts,andtheincreaseofmineralproductsha,%%in2005,andfellduring2006and2008,yetwentupagaintoanall-timehighof62%in2006(withtheactiveandtimelyadjustmentofthedemandmadebyChineseenterprisesaccordingtopriceupsanddownsasareasonablefactor).IntermsoftheperiodofChinasindustrializationandinviewoftheinternationalexperience,foralongperiodoftime,thecontradictionsbetweenthesupplyanddemandofsomemajorandpillarmineralproductsinChinawillstillcontinuetoaggravate,andtheoverallimportdependencewillincreaseertheforeignresourcurcesofironore,bauxiteandcopperore,ChinamainlydependsonAustralia,Brazil,IndiaandSouthAfricaforironore,onAustralia,IndiaandJamaicaforbauxite,andonChile,Mongolia,candtraderelationswiththesecountriesaswellasitsinvestmentinresourceindustriesofthesecountries.、ag国际亚游体育赌场用户至上新威尼斯人真人投注ByChenDaofu,,nterprisesChinasstate-ownedfinancialinstitutionshave,formanyyears,,thePeoplesBankofChinahadservedastheonlyfinancialorganinthesociety,,itwasthe,althoughbanksofvariouskindsandothernon-bankingfinancialinstitutionshaveincreasedtheirmarketsharesgradually,thefourmajorstate-,inthefinalanalysis,,thereformofthestate-ownedbankswillinevitablybecloselylinkedwiththereformofChinasfinancialsystemandwiththedispositionofitsfinancialresources,ratherthanasstate-ownedfinancialinstitutionsisbyitselfaimedatachievingsomemacroscopictarge,imperfectionofthemicro-reformofthestate-ownedfinancialinstitutionshasalsotriggeredoffmacroscopicissues,forexample,thereversedtransmissionofthepressureforeasingmonetaryconditionhasresultedininflation,,thestate-ownedfinancialenterpriseshadplayedafargreaterroleinthehistoryofChinaseconomicdevelopmentthanactingmerelyasfinancialenterprisesandhadeverplayedauniqueroleinpromotingChina,Chinasfinancialenterprisesareimbuedwithfiscalfunctionstoacertainextent,whichhasbeenevidentlyreflectedbythecausesoftheformati,therewerethreemainstagesfortheformationofChinasnon-performingloans:from1980stoearly1990s,thenon-performingloansresultedfromtheloansgrantedtooldtraditionalindustrialenterprisesandloansforblindrepeatconstructions,accountedforabout1/3;thenon-performingloansresultedfromtheloansreleasedduringtheeconomicoverheatingperiodinearly1990smadeup1/3orso;andthenon-performingloansresultedfromthebankruptcy,mergerandrestructuringofenterprisescarriedoutbythestateinmid-andlate1990sconstitutedapproximately1/,theChineseeconomyhadbeenaquantityexpansionpatternunderthedominanceofthegovernment,andthewhollystate-fundedcommercialbankswerestatespecializedbanks,,thoughsuchasituationchangedabit,,thewhollystate-fundedcommercialbankspaidcostforthetransformationofthewholesystem,suchasthemergerandbankruptcyofenterprises,therestructuringoftheenterprisesintextile,coal,defense,foreigntrade,supplyandmarketingindustries,~2000alone,sFinancialInstitutionsReformBeforethereformandopeningupwascarriedoutin1978,Chinapracticedan"all-in-one"sBankofChinaandtheruralcreditcooperativesunderitsleadershipweretheonlyfinancialinstitutions,andthemanpower,financialandmaterialresourcesofvariousbranchesofthePeoplesBankwereunderthec,andthepracticeof"unifieddepositsandunifiedloans"wascarriedout,namely,theabsorbeddepositswerehandedovertotheHeadOfficeforunifiedallocationandloa(theminimumfundquotasneeded)ofenterpriseswerefromfinancialappropriations,andpartofthecircul,includingfinancialfunds,rminedbythestateinaplannedway,andcurrencyservedonlyasanaccounti,~1993:Financialreforminthereformofeconomicincrement----constructionofabasicfinancialsystembasedoneconomicneedsSuchafinancialreformduringthisperiodwasmeanttoprovidenewresourcesforthereformwhiletallyingwiththenewstrategyforthereform.(1)WideningthebusinessscopeofthebanksOntheonehand,bankswerenotonlyabletograntacertainamountofcirculatingfundloans,butcouldpro,shortagesofthecirculatingfunds,appropriationsforChinasbudgeintheunitsownedbythewholepeopleaccountedforabout2/3before1979andonlyfor1/,besidesthestate-runenterprises,loanscouldalsogotoprivately-operatedenterprisesandtotheself-employedaswell.(2)Eancebusiness(before1984).In1979,AgriculturalBankofChinawasre-designatedasthespecializedbankinchargeofthefinancialbusinessinruralareas,BankofChinawasseparatedfromthePeoplesBankofChinaandbecameanindependentspecializedforeignexchangebank,andChinaConstructionBankwasreorga,IndustrialandCommercialBankofChinawasestablishedtoundertakeindustrialandcommercialcreditandurbansavingsbusinesspreviouslyhandledbythePeople,People,institutionalmanagementwaschangedtocorporatemanagement,thereformofcombiningresponsibilities,rightsandinterestswascarriedoutinanall-roundwayandthepracticeof"eatingatthebigpot"inincomedistributionwasbrokendown,,thepracticeof"eatingatthebigpot"infunddistributionwascastaway,fundconstraintfrombankswasgraduallystrengthenedandtheinter-bankbusinesslimitswereruledout....Ifyouneedthefullcontext,sPresidentZhouXiaochuan:ReformofChinasBankingIndustryScalesNewHeights.ByXiaBin,ZhangChenghuiLeiWei,ResearchInstituteofFinanceofDevelopmentResearchCenteroftheStateCouncil(DRC)ResearchReportNo186,(Thecreditcardmeansthecard-issuingbankprovidesthecardholderwithsomelineofcredit)andtheholdercanconsumeorwithdrawmoneytexemptioniftheamountisrepaidindullwithinthespecifiedperiodoftime,orhecanchoosetheminimumamountofrepayment)includequasicreditcardsinChina(Thequasicreditcardmean,epositswillbepaidasperstipulations).IftheissuanceofthefistquasicreditcardbyZhuhaiBranchoftheBankofChinain1985istakenasthestartingpoint,thecre,theGuangdongDevelopmentBankissuedthefirstRMBVISAcardinitsrealsenseandinlinewithinternationalstandardsand,atthesametime,,thecreditcardsissuedwereallinternationalcardssuchasVISAcardsandMasterCardsandthenumberofcsaccessiontoWTO,withthecompetitionamongbanksaggravated,domesticbanksbegantoincreaseinputinintermediarybusinessacreditcardbusinessindependentandunveiled,governmentdepartmentsconcernedwerealsoactivelypromotingthecommonuseofcre,thePeoplesBankofChinaorganizedcommercialbankstocommencethebuildingofthenationalbasicdatabaseo"314"Projectforcreditcardonlineusepracticedin2001andtheChinaUnionpayfoundedin2002,theconstructionofinfrastructurefacilitiesonChina,theChinaUnionpayintroducedthemarket-orientedmechanismsduringtheconstructionofthecreditcardmarketand,throughintensiveandmassoperation,effectivelyavoidedcut-throatcompetit,thenumberofcreditcardclients,,,00respectively,,,thusinitiallysatisfyingthedemandofcardholder,from2003onwards,,thenumberofissuedcreditcardsreached186millioninChina,being8timesthatof2002,o(Figure1).Thenumberofdomesticcard-issuinginstitutionsreached61,ofwhich16werenationalinstitutionsand15werecreditcardcentersinofficialoperation,,useofcreditcardshadbeenpopularizedin32provinces,province-levelmunicipalitiesa,thecre,in2009thenumberof,000yuan(Figure2andFigure3).Duringthesameperiod,,suggestingthatthecreditcardhasbecomet,theconsumptioncreditbycreditcar,(Figure4),%oftheongshapeinitially,,thecre:Firstly,thecreditma,,,,,,beingonlyequivalentto1/24of866billiondollarsrecordedduringthesameperiodintheUnitedStates;theaverageoutstandingcreditcardbalanceamountedto1,321yuan,...Ifyouneedthefullcontext,pleaseleaveamessageonthewebsite.ByChenChangsheng,DepartmentofMacroeconomicResearch,theDRCHighsavingsrateisanimportantfactortosupportChina,anundulyhighsavingsratecancauseinsufficientconsumption,whichhasalsobecomeaprominentproblemaffectingthegrowthofChina,itcanhardlyworkouttarge,itshouldanalyzethestructuralfeaturesofpersonalsavings,andidentifywhichsectors,whatmassgroupsanrsWasMainlyAttributedtoHigherCorporateandGovernmentSavingsWhileRateofPersonalSavingsOnlyWentUpbyaNarrowMarginThechangestothefundflowtablewhichcanbestreflectthestructureofnationalincomedistributionindicatethatChina%%in2005(Chinabegantocompilefundflowtablein1992,andtheta).Thestructureofprimarydistributionindicates:first,theproportionoflaborpayrelatedtoaddedvaluehasbeenonthedecline,at62%in1993,47%in2004andslightlyhigherin2005;second,althoughpersonalsavingsratealsowentupslightly,itsproportionintotalsavingshasbeendroppingandthoseofenterprisesandgovernmentdepartmentshavebeenvisiblyrisingandpostinghighercontributionrates(Table1).Inparticular,orchangesinthepersonalincomerecei,therehavebeenetotheincomeofgovernmentdepartments(Table2).Meanwhile,ChinasGiniCoefficientcontinuedtorise,lyimprovedtheincomeofther,tosomeextent,me(%)、DVORByLuWei,DepartmentofTechno-EconomicResearchofDRCResearchReportNo109,sHigh-TechServiceIndustries:BasicStatusandDevelopmentTrendSincethe1980s,therapiddevelopmentofknowledgeeconomyhascultivatedlargenumbersofhightechnologiesandtheservicei,,thegrowingdemandforserviceoutsourcinghaspromptedtheemergenceofnewth,,Chinashigh-techserviceindustriesareemergingindustries,whicharestillin,Chinashigh-techserviceindustriessuchasinformationtransmission,computerserviceandsoftware,scientificresearch,%%evalueappreciationofservicetargetsandtheinternalservicesofsomeproductionenterprisesarenotstatisticallyincluded,thestatisticalad,withalargescale,alargebasenumberandagrowthratelowert~2007period,theaddedvalueofChinastertiaryindustrygrew17%annuallyonaverage;t%,whichwaslowerthantheaveragelevelofthetertiaryindustry;thatofscientificresearch,%,~2008period,theannualgrowthrateoftheinvestmentinfixedassetsintheindustriesofscientificresearch,technicalserviceandgeologicalprospectingwasction,thegrowthofChinashigtheintermediateconsumptionbyproducerserviceindustrieswasfallingwhilethecoefficientofthepersonalconsumptionwasrising(LiShantong,GaoChuanshengetal:DevelopmentofChinasProducerServiceIndustriesandUpgradingofItsManufacturingIndustry,ShanghaiTrinityBookstore,November2008).Themainreasonwasthatmanufacturin,becausetheseenterpriseswereencouragedtobecomeinnovators,cityandcompetitivenessExceptfortelecomandlargenetworkoperators,,Chinahadover20,000softwareenterprisesin2008,,eachenterpriseemed,,butitsInternetmarketiss,thetotalrevenueofChinamongtheworldtop10,thetoshigh-techserviceenterprisesarenotedforweakinnovationcapacity,andtheirshig,Chinassoftwareserviceindustryisoneoftheindu,theexportofChina,accountingforonly15%,mostoftheinvestmentsinhigh-techserviceindustriescomemainlyfromChinesesources,,mostoftheseinvestmentsareraisedbyenterprisesthemselves,,foreign-controlledenterprisesaccountedfor13%ofallthe14,373softwareenterprisesinChina,and30%,90%oftheinvestmentsinfixedassetsintheindustriesofinformationtransmission,computerserviceandsoftwarewereraisedbyenterprisesthemselves,,%forthei%,accountingfor26%,technicalserviceandgeologicalprospecting,%oftheirinvestmentinfixedassets,,%ofthetotalinvestmentsinfixedassetsintheRDserviceindustry(Seethetablebelowfordetailedinformation).SourcesofInvestmentsinFixedAssetsinVariousIndustriesin2007(%)ByLiZhijun,,2008Currently,thedevelopmentofChina,Chinaisnotmuchlaggingbehindthedevelopedcountries,andwhereChinafall,,,Chinahasmaderapidprogressinresearchesonlifesciencesandbio-technologyandhasreachedahigherlevelinstudiesofsuchlifesciencesaspost-genomics,ceandtransgeniccottonandanumberofnewbio-medicineswithindependeaveanimportantstatsbio-industryisbeginningtotakeshape,thenumberofbio-industrialenterpriseshasincreasedrapidly,andtheaggregationhasappearedevidentlyinthedevelopmentofChina,Chinaha,000typesofspecies,12,800typesofmedicalanimalsandplantsand320,000typesofagriculturalsee,thepeople,Chinawillrapidlyincreaseitsdemandforbiologicalresourcesandform,,theworldbio-industryisinitsgrowingstage,andthemonopolyofthebio-tadvantagesandcanwidelyparticipateininternationalexchangeandco-operationintermsofresearchesonlifesciences,bio-technicalinnovationandthedevelopmentofth,Chinawillbuildawell-offsocietyinanall-roundwayandwilllayasolidfoundationfortherealizationofthethird-stepstrategicmodernizationtarget,,thebogicalrevolutionandtheindustrialrevolutionwillhaveonChinaseconomyandsocialdevelopment,giveprominencetothedevelopmentofthemodernbio-industryineconomicandsocialdevelopment,sbio-industryandinlinewithChinascomparativeadvantages,weshouldpersevereinexpandingtheindustryaswellasenhancingtheindependentinnovationcapability,advanceindustrialization,aggregationandinternationalization,quickenthedevelopmentofsuchindustriesasbio-medicine,bio-agriculture,bio-energy,bio-manufacturingandbio-environmentalprotectionandfocusonmakingimportantbre,theimitation-basedpatternishardtochange,thebio-industrialtechnologiescomestillmainlyfromabroad,andthereislittlepossibilityofsignificantgroupinnovativebreakthroughstobemadeinChina,attachgreatimportancetointegrationoftechnologies,devotemajoreffortstodevelopingexperimentalbases,putapremiumontechnicalco-operationamongenterprisesandbetweenenterprisesandthescientificresearchinstitutesbygivingprioritytotrainedpersonnelandintellectualpropertyrights,strivetoestablishanopen,market-orientedandgroupednationalbio-technologyinnovationsystem,takebio-technologicalenterprisesasthemainbodyforfacilitatingtheflowofscientificandtechnicalknowledgeinrelationtobio-technology,furtherimproveChinasabilitytomaketechnicalinnovationsintermsofbio-industry,acceleratetheindustrializationofthescientificandtechnicalachievements,andbringaboutthestrategicshiftofthebio-industryfromimitation-basedindustrytoaniendentinnovationandpromotetheco-operationbetweenenterprises,universitiesandandresearchinstitutions;strengthenprimitiveinnovation,integratedinnovationandre-innovationbydigestingandabsorbingimportedtechnologieswithindependentintellectualpropertyright-baseddevelopmentandapplicationatthecore;andadheretotheguidelineofcombining“bringin”with“goglobal”toactivelystartinternationalco-operationsandtomakefulluseofChineseandoverseasresourcesaswellasChineseandoverseasmarketsinordertoquickenthedevelopmentofChinasocialdevelopmentandselectanumberofimportantbio-industrialfieldsandproductswithgoodbasicconditions,maturetechnologies,ahugepotentialforgrowthandahighindustrialconnectiontoconstructiesplayingaguidingroleinformingindependentintellectualpropertyrights,racetocontrolacommandingpointininternati,throughcombinationofenterprises,universitiesandresearchinstitutions,effectiveimplementationmechanismsthatareorganizedbyenterprisesandjointheenterprises,especiallylargeenterprises,toestablishRDinstitutionsthroughrelevantfiscaltaxation,evementsintoproductiveforcesjointlywiththeinstitutionsofhigherlearningandthescientificresearchinstitutes,renovateorbuildanumberofstateengineeringlaboratoriesandstateengineeringresearchcentersandimprovetheengineeringandsystemintegrationofscientificresearchachievements.——CaseStudiesonSMEsinNingboandWenzhouCitiesByGongSenWangLiejun,ResearchDepartmentofSocialDevelopmentofDRCResearchReportNo020,2009FromNovember7to10andfromNovember28toDecember1,2008,weconducted,throughvariouschannels,somesurveysandmadecasestudiesontheoperations,adjustmentsandlaborlawenforcementofsomesmallandmediumenterprises(SMEs)inthetwocitiesofNingboandWenzhou,ZhejiangProvinceoverth,wemadesurveysonfiveSMEsinacounty-levelcity(seetable1fordetailedinformationabouttheirproductionandoperation).ThefiveSMEsweredistributedinthesectorsofhomesupplies,plasticproducts,autoparts,safetyequipment,~,,wemadesurveysonsixSMEs(seetable2fordetailedinformationabouttheirproductionandoperation),footwear,clothes,partsformotorcyclesandelectricbicycles,~,ear-on-yearslideinproductionandoperationComparedwiththepreviousyear,fourofthefi%~50%.Whileoneenterpriseproducingexport-orientedhomesuppliessufferedafallofover50%,,threeenterprisescutby20%~60%,。

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