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    99皇冠官网手机版【hpapro.com】为您提供集团最新官方网站,更高级的VIP服务体验,更多的优惠活动,更快速的存取款时间,专属美女客服一对一服务,赶快注册游戏吧。普洱淘蔚橙装饰工程有限公司(原延边潜吨文化传媒有限公司)成立于1998年,占地面积47258平方米,纽约官网地址其中生产厂房占地2034平方米,仓库面积占地0780平方米。固定资产0752万元,流动资产8748万元,干部职工共582人,工程技术人员20人。99皇冠官网手机版LeiWeiTheoutbreakoftheinternationalfinancialcrisishastaughtusaprofoundlesson,thatis,guardingagainstthesystematicrisksandstrengtheningtheprudentmacromanagement,itisofvitalimportancetodrawonandpaycloseattentiontotheinternationaltrendofreformonprudentmacromanagementframeworkandconstructonethatissuitedtoChinaeworkatthePresentStageofDevelopmentinChinaCurrently,thefinancialregulationinChinastillremainsatthelevelofprudentmicromanagementandtheconceptofaprudentmacromanagementhas,thelatenthiddensystematicrisksarepressingforthereformofChinabilityareincreasingAtpresent,Chinalacksaspecialdepartmentinitsmacro-controlsystemtogetagraspoftheoverallpictureofthesystematicfinancialrisksfromtheprudentmacromanagementperspectiveandtomakein-depthanalysisofthecloselinkpolicy-making,,themacrorisksfacingChinasfinancialsystemmainlyinclude:One,theadverseimpactofthedisequilibriuma,thepressuregeneratedbytheaccumulationoftheassetpricebubbles,suchastherealestateprices,,thepressurearisingfromthedrasticincreaseofloansthroughi,thegrowingimpactofthecross-bordercapitalflowonChinaralldevelopmentInrecentyears,withthedevelopmentofthepilotprojectsofcomprehensivefinancialbusinessmanagementandofmulti-industryandtrans-marketintersectingfinancialbusinessoperationrepresentedbywealthmanagementproductsandprivateequities,thecurrentlyenforcedfinancialregulationsystemisbeingfacedwithseverechallengesandthesystematicf,thereisalackofeffectivesupervisionovertheever-growingfinancialholdingcompanies,particularlythereislittlesupervisionoverthecomprehensi,,thereisashortageofunitaryregulatoryrulesonmulti-industryandtrans-marketintersectingfinancialbusinessoperations,spresentfinancialregulationsystemAtpresent,thePeoplesBankofChina,ChinaBankingRegulatoryCommission,ChinaSecuritiesRegulatoryCommissionandChinaInsuranceRegulatoryCommissionhaveconductedthefinancialsupervisionandcontrolinitsinitialform,thusofficiallyformingthefinancialregulationsystemcharacterizedbydividedoperation,dividedcontrolansBankofChinaismainlyinchargeofformulating,enhancingandimplementingmonetarypoliciesand,meanwhile,italsopracticesforeignexchangecontrol,exercisesfollow-upsurveysoftheinternationalfinancialmarketandissueearly-warningsonmarketrisks,supervisesandcontrolscross-bordercapitalflows,interbankmarkets,bankbondmarkets,bankbillmarkets,interbankforeignexchangemarkets,goldma,theStateCouncilapprovedtheRegulationontheMainFunctions,InteriorInstitutionsandStaffingofthePeoplesBankofChinaansfinancialregulationsystemInrecentyears,withtherapiddevelopmentoffinancialglobalization,liberalizationandfinancialinnovation,thefinancialindustryhasbeenopeningwide,thepresentfinancialregulationsystemhasbecomeincreasinglyunabletoadapttothechangesandtheinherentdefectsofthissystemhavegraduallyloomedup.(1)InadequatesupervisionandcoordinationunderthepresentregulationsystemCurrently,multi-industryproblemsaremainlysolvedthroughconsultationatt,theministry-leveljointconferencemechanismisonlyanexpedientmeasureforstrengtheningfinancialregulationandcoordinationunderthepresentfinancialsystem,,theministry-leveljointconferencesystemisusuallyatemporaryfinancialregulationan,forlackoflegalsupportonthenationallevel,theconstraintandauthoritativenessofsuchamechanismwillbecrippledconsiderablyandthedecisionsmadeatthejointconferenceswon,usually,“memorandums”aresignedbyvarioussectorsfortheestablishmentoftheministry-leepolicyorbusinessissues,thecoord,thoughthePeoplesBankofChinaplaysaroleinsafeguardingthefinancialstability,ithasnorelevantmeasuresandadministrativeauthoritativeness.(2)InadequateconstructionofthesystemforguardingagainstsystematicfinancialrisksTherehasbeeninadequateconstructheopeningup,thesystematicfinancialriskswillexertincreasinglyevidentinfluenceonChinasiveinthedaystocome,therewill,weshouldtakeprecautionsbymakingfulluseofChinaslatterdevelopmentadvantagesinsystematicinnovationanddesignandplaninadvanceafinancialregulationsystemconducivetoguardingagainstanddissolvingsystematicfinancialrisks.Figure4 InfluenceofCarryoverEffectandNewPriceRiseFactorsonCPIChangesDuringJanuaryandNovember,2010Withthegradualimplementationofaseriesofstatepoliciesbringingpricesundercontrol,itispredictedthatCPIgrowthwilld%.,CPIgrowthhasbeendrivenupbythefollowingfactors.(I)Demandgrowthan,CPIhasapositivecorrelationwiththelong-termincreaseofthetotalvolumeoftheretailsalesofconsumergoods,namely,withtheever-increasingtotalvolumeoftheretailsalesofconsumergoodsinthemedium-termandlongrun,,thetota,themedium-andlong-termfluctuationsofthetotalretailsalesvolumewilloccurabout23monthsaheadofCPIfluctuations(SeeFigure5).Thus,itcanbejudgedthatsince2010thecyclicalgrowthofCPIhasbeenaninevitableresultoftherapiddemandgrowthwhichhashappenedsince2008....Ifyouneedthefullcontext,tributionofpricesofeigh,%,cigarettes,%,%,%,%,%,recreational,%%.。

    LeiWeiTheoutbreakoftheinternationalfinancialcrisishastaughtusaprofoundlesson,thatis,guardingagainstthesystematicrisksandstrengtheningtheprudentmacromanagement,itisofvitalimportancetodrawonandpaycloseattentiontotheinternationaltrendofreformonprudentmacromanagementframeworkandconstructonethatissuitedtoChinaeworkatthePresentStageofDevelopmentinChinaCurrently,thefinancialregulationinChinastillremainsatthelevelofprudentmicromanagementandtheconceptofaprudentmacromanagementhas,thelatenthiddensystematicrisksarepressingforthereformofChinabilityareincreasingAtpresent,Chinalacksaspecialdepartmentinitsmacro-controlsystemtogetagraspoftheoverallpictureofthesystematicfinancialrisksfromtheprudentmacromanagementperspectiveandtomakein-depthanalysisofthecloselinkpolicy-making,,themacrorisksfacingChinasfinancialsystemmainlyinclude:One,theadverseimpactofthedisequilibriuma,thepressuregeneratedbytheaccumulationoftheassetpricebubbles,suchastherealestateprices,,thepressurearisingfromthedrasticincreaseofloansthroughi,thegrowingimpactofthecross-bordercapitalflowonChinaralldevelopmentInrecentyears,withthedevelopmentofthepilotprojectsofcomprehensivefinancialbusinessmanagementandofmulti-industryandtrans-marketintersectingfinancialbusinessoperationrepresentedbywealthmanagementproductsandprivateequities,thecurrentlyenforcedfinancialregulationsystemisbeingfacedwithseverechallengesandthesystematicf,thereisalackofeffectivesupervisionovertheever-growingfinancialholdingcompanies,particularlythereislittlesupervisionoverthecomprehensi,,thereisashortageofunitaryregulatoryrulesonmulti-industryandtrans-marketintersectingfinancialbusinessoperations,spresentfinancialregulationsystemAtpresent,thePeoplesBankofChina,ChinaBankingRegulatoryCommission,ChinaSecuritiesRegulatoryCommissionandChinaInsuranceRegulatoryCommissionhaveconductedthefinancialsupervisionandcontrolinitsinitialform,thusofficiallyformingthefinancialregulationsystemcharacterizedbydividedoperation,dividedcontrolansBankofChinaismainlyinchargeofformulating,enhancingandimplementingmonetarypoliciesand,meanwhile,italsopracticesforeignexchangecontrol,exercisesfollow-upsurveysoftheinternationalfinancialmarketandissueearly-warningsonmarketrisks,supervisesandcontrolscross-bordercapitalflows,interbankmarkets,bankbondmarkets,bankbillmarkets,interbankforeignexchangemarkets,goldma,theStateCouncilapprovedtheRegulationontheMainFunctions,InteriorInstitutionsandStaffingofthePeoplesBankofChinaansfinancialregulationsystemInrecentyears,withtherapiddevelopmentoffinancialglobalization,liberalizationandfinancialinnovation,thefinancialindustryhasbeenopeningwide,thepresentfinancialregulationsystemhasbecomeincreasinglyunabletoadapttothechangesandtheinherentdefectsofthissystemhavegraduallyloomedup.(1)InadequatesupervisionandcoordinationunderthepresentregulationsystemCurrently,multi-industryproblemsaremainlysolvedthroughconsultationatt,theministry-leveljointconferencemechanismisonlyanexpedientmeasureforstrengtheningfinancialregulationandcoordinationunderthepresentfinancialsystem,,theministry-leveljointconferencesystemisusuallyatemporaryfinancialregulationan,forlackoflegalsupportonthenationallevel,theconstraintandauthoritativenessofsuchamechanismwillbecrippledconsiderablyandthedecisionsmadeatthejointconferenceswon,usually,“memorandums”aresignedbyvarioussectorsfortheestablishmentoftheministry-leepolicyorbusinessissues,thecoord,thoughthePeoplesBankofChinaplaysaroleinsafeguardingthefinancialstability,ithasnorelevantmeasuresandadministrativeauthoritativeness.(2)InadequateconstructionofthesystemforguardingagainstsystematicfinancialrisksTherehasbeeninadequateconstructheopeningup,thesystematicfinancialriskswillexertincreasinglyevidentinfluenceonChinasiveinthedaystocome,therewill,weshouldtakeprecautionsbymakingfulluseofChinaslatterdevelopmentadvantagesinsystematicinnovationanddesignandplaninadvanceafinancialregulationsystemconducivetoguardingagainstanddissolvingsystematicfinancialrisks.ByXuanXiaowei,ResearchTeamon"AnIndicatorSystemforScientificDevelopmentEvaluation",DepartmentofDevelopmentStrategyandRegionalEconomyofDRCResearchReportNo93,"CoreIndicatorSystemforScientificDevelopmentEvaluation""coreindicatorsystemforscientificdevelopmentevaluation"shouldbecenteredonthe"people-oriented"conceptConstructionofthecoreindicatorsystemforscientificdevelopmentevaluationmustfundamentallyref,onemustfirstunderstandwhythe"people-oriented""people-oriented"conceptisattheheartofthescientificoutlookondevelopmentembodiesthefundamentaltheoryofMarxisthistoricalmaterialism,reflectsthePartysprimarypurposeofservingthe,canpeoplefullyandcorrectlyunderstandthescientificoutlookondeve"coreindicatorsystemforscientificdevelopmentevaluation"mustbecenteredonthe"people-oriented"concept,andtomakeclearsinterestsindevelopment,adheretodevelopmentforandbythepeople,andtobringthebenefitofdevelopmenttoallthepeople,soastoenablethemassall-rounddevelopmentastheultimategoalofeconomicandsocialdevelopment;thereforeweshouldnotonlyfocusonpeoplesmaterialandculturalneeds,butalsoonboostingpeople,weshouldconstantlyendeavortoupliftpeoplesqualityandcapability,which,inturn,"People-oriented"and"Maslowshierarchyofneeds"Thefactthatthecoreofthescientificoutlookondevelopmentisthepeople-orientedconceptpointsouttheorientationandfundamental,whilethe"people-oriented"conceptprovidesonlytheorientationoftheevaluationsystem,westillneedtoma"Maslowshierarchyofneeds"toillustratetheconnotationsofthe"people-oriented"shierarchyofneeds,alsocalled"hierarchyofbasicneeds",isabehaviortheoryputforwardbyAmericanpsychologistAbrahamMaslowinapaperentitled"ATheoryofHumanMotivation",therearephysiologicalneeds,safetyneeds,loveandbelonging(needstobeinsocialgroups),esteem(needsforrespect),shierarchyofneedshasitsownlimitationsandwedontcompletelyagreewithMaslowsargumentthatdiverseneedsarehierarchical,hisviewsonclassificationofneedsaswellasthecontentsconcernedcanbeborrowedtoenrichthe"people-oriented"concept,providingvaluablereferencefor"FiveCivilizations","Five-AccessSociety"and"coreindicatorsystemforscientificdevelopmentevaluation"Asclearlystatedabove,the"people-oriented"concept,whichisattheheartofthescientificoutlookondevelopment,providesthefundamentalprinciplefortheconstructionofthecoreindicatorsystemforscientificdevelopmentevaluation,andwemayrefertoMaslowshierarchyofneedstoillustratethe"people-oriented",inwhatspecificwaysshouldthe"people-oriented"conceptbeimplementedHowcantheessenceoftheconceptbematerializedWhataretheprioritizedfieldsforthecoreevaluationsystemundercurrentcircumstancesBearingthesequestionsinmind,wewilldiscusstheoverallpictureandpressingissuesregardingthecoreindicatorsystemforscientificdevelopmentevaluationfromthetwoaspectsof"FiveCivilizations"and"Five-AccessesSociety".(1)"FiveCivilizations"encompassallthefieldscoeandpracticeintheprocessofChinayofChina(CPC),itwaspointedoutthatweshouldendeavortobuildsocialistspiritualc"aprosperous,strong,democraticandculturallyadvancedcountry"dinateddevelopmentofmaterial,politi,JiangZeminsetthedevelopmentofsocialistdemocraticpoliticsandconstructionofsocialistpoliticalcivilizationasthetforwardthegoalofpushingforwardcoordinateddevelopmentofsocial,economic,politicalandculturalconstruction,"ecologicalcivilization",political,spiritual,socialandecologicalcivilizations;theyinteractandmutuallyinfluenceeachother,,materialcivilizationreferstomaterialachievementsofmankindintheprocessoftransformingnature,,thefartherawaypeoplearefromthewilderness,andthelessdependanttheyareonnature,ctice,asr,policies,ntransformingtheobjectiveandsubjectiveworlds,,inthebroadsense,meanspeoplesenlightenedstateandprogressattained,thesumofhumanachievementsintransformingtheobjectiveandsubjectiveworlds,anintegrationofmaterial,politicalandspiritualcivilizations;inthenarrowsense,itisparallelwithmaterialcivilization,politicalcivilizationandspiritualcivilization,"socialcivilization"sachievementsinimprovingtheecologicalenvironmentbyfollowingthelawthatman,re,betweenpeoplethemselves,andbetweenindividualsandsociety,andstrivingforavirtuouscircle,,ecologicalcivilizationistheprerequisite,thematerialcivilizationisthefoundation,thepoliticalcivilizationistheguarantee,ilizationsisacorrectresponsetothedevelopmenttrendofhumansociety,andanothermilestoneinthePartyluationnecessitatesimplementationofthepeople-orientedconceptintheabove-mentionedFiveCivilizationswhichshouldincludeallfieldscoveredbythecoreindicatorsystem.10-200米Figure2ChinasForeignTradeIncreasefrom1978to2010Source:ChinaStatisticalYearbookSinceChinaemergedastheworldssecondlargesteconomyaftergoingthroughthephaseoftryingtorapidlycatchupwithdevelopedcountriesbycuttingdownonconsumption,itish:one,thehighconsumption,seriouspollutionandhighemissionscausedbyheavyindustryfarexceedsthecarryingcapacityoftheresourceenvironment;two,theinternationalfinancialcrisishascauseddrasticshrinkageofforeigndemandwhichishardtoberestoredwithinashorttime,sothereistoomuchsurplusindomesticproductionwhichispartiallyattributabletointensiveinvestmentsmadeovertheyears;three,extensiveandinefficientproductionmodecanbarelystandthepressurecausedbythesurginglaborcostaswellascompetitionpressurewithotheremergingcountries;andfour,thescopeofintroducinganddrawingonforeigncountries,somefactorscharacterizingtheolddevelopmentmodecouldnolongersatisfytheneedsfordevelopmentinthenewstage,likethemechanism,system,productionandconsumpti,mechanism,stimulatingthevitalityandcreativityoftheindividualmarketplayers,upliftingthesystemscompatibilityandthegovernmentscapabilitytocopewithrisks,soastoultimatelyattainthegoalo,wemustfulfillthefollowingtasks:(1)Weshouldattachmoreimportancetocultivationanddevelopmentofsmallandmedium-sizedenterprisesratherthanrelyonlargeenterprisesandkeyprojects;(2)Weshouldrelyoncoordinateddevelopmentoftheprimary,secondaryandtertiaryindustriesratherthanthesecondaryindustry,theheavyindustryinparticular,topropeleconomicdevelopment,withaviewofbenefitingfrombotheconomiesofscaleandeconomiesofscope;(3)Insteadofrelyinglargelyoninvestmentandexporttopropeleconomicdevelopment,weshouldemphasizecoordinateddevelopmentamonginvestment,consumptionandexportwithparticularattentiontoenhancingconsumptionspulloneconomicdevelopment,protectandraisedomesticdemand;(4)Weshouldstressindependentinnovationratherthanabsorbinternationaladvancedtechnologies,anddevelopemergingindustries;(5)Weshouldshiftfromgovernment-orientedperformancetomarketorientedperformance,andbetterplayoutthemarketsregulatoryandself-disciplinaryrole;(6)Weshouldtransformfromregionalcompetitionmodetobalanceddevelopmentbetweenurbanandruralareas,,therealeconomyistherecipientoffiniceandnewchallengesuponthetraditionalfinancingintermediarymode,onInitsmostfundamentalrole,financeservesasacenterinsocialcapitaltransactionanddistribution,channeli,Chinasfinancialsystemhasbeenaccustomedtothetradit:first,itisledbythegovernmenttoconductmajorprojectsbypoolingresources,givingrisetoindirectfinancingmechanismdominatedbymajorbanks;second,ittendstofavordevelopmentofcapital-intensiveindustrialsector,givingbirthtothebankcreditculturefeaturingmortgagingcollateralsasthemainwaytoforestallrisks;andthird,themanagementmodeisbasicallythesameforb,mechanismandcreditculture,thecapitalisboundtoflowintolargemanufacturingbusinessesandinfrastructurewhileforthetechnologyandtheserviceindustriesitishardtoobtainbanks-sizede:Theincompatibilityofthefinancialsystemisultimatelyreflectedinthelowefficiencyoffinancialservice.。

    九州网页版ByLiuTao,ResearchTeamon"PolicyofOptimizingtheCirculationSystemofAgriculturalProductsinChina",InstituteofMarketEconomyofDRCResearchReportNo88,SpecializedCooperativesinChinaBasedonsurveysmadeinWeifangCity,ShouguangCityandChangleCountyofShandongProvince,inZhengzhouCityandXinyeCountyofHenanProvince,inChengduCityofSichuanProvince,aswellasinShanghai,wehavefoundthatrecently,especiallyaftertheofficialimplementationoftheLawofthePeoplesRepublicofChinaonSpecializedFarmersCooperativesin2007,thefarmerduallyenhancedBythefirsthalfof2011,therewerealready446,000farmersspecializedcooperativesnationallyregisteredinChina,ion,accountingforabout12%,thetotalamountofcontributionsofthefarmersspecializedcooperativesaroundChinawentupfrom90billionyuanin2007to570billionyuaninthefirsthalfof2011,,thefarmersspecializedcooperativesinShandong,Henan,andsomeotherplacesarethefastestintermsofdevelopment,amo,thefarmersspecializedcooperativesregisteredinShandongProvincewerenearly50,000,%,000andthetotingindustryThedevelopmentofthefarmersspecializedcooperativesinChinahasgraduallyspreadtoanumberofdifferentsectors,includingplanting,breeding,agriculturalmachinery,plantprotectionandtechnicalinformation,withcropfarmingandanimalhusbandrytakingthelion%%.Therefore,theamountofcooperativesinthesetwofieldsholds73%,thespecializedcooperativesinmanyplacesc,,thespecializedcooperativesincropfarminginShandongProvinceare24,594,%,669,%cesrelatedwithagriculturalproductionoperationwhichhasreached14,249,%alesandproductionserviceWiththerapidgrowthinrecentyears,theareasofoperationandrangesofservicehaveexpandedfromtheinformationservicetovariouslinksincludingagriculturalmaterialssupply,agriculturaltechnologyspreading,processing,storage,,ShandongProvince,itislearntthatthecooperativesfocusedonsalesasmajorserviceaccountforabout53%,technicalconsulting,technicaltraining,andsupplyofmeansofproductionholdfor32%.Theonescenteringonprocessingservicetakeup12%,somecooperativeshave,throughpilotpractice,candcross-sectordevelopmentswitnessafastgrowthWiththeexpansionofmanagementscaleandtheintensifiedmarketcompetition,somecooperativeshavescwholebas,,theShouguangXinMengFruitsandVegetablesSpecializedCooperativeUnionestablishedinJuly2011istheonlytrans-regionalcooperativeunionwiththemostnumberofcooperatives,thelargestmembers,nan,Weifang,Weihai,(twojinmakeonekilo)"cooperativeplusfarmers"asthemajorpatternAtpresent,thereareaboutfourtypesofoperatingmodesrelatedtofarmers"cooperativeplusfarmers".Suchcooperativesaregenerallythevoluntaryorg"cooperativeplusproductionbasesplusfarmers".productionbasesandtheybuyorsellthemembers"leadingenterprisespluscooperativesplusfarmers".Suchcooperativesarees"cooperativeunionplusfarmers".This,processing,andmarketingtoget"cooperativesplusfarmers"isthemajorformoffarmersspecializedcooperativesinShandongProvinceamountedto470,000,%,%,zedcooperative,thetypeof"leadingenterprisepluscooperativeplusfarmers"%%respectivelyinthetotalamountofthecooperativesinthetwoProvinces. LiuShijinYuBinLiJianweiZhahemain,advancingthereadjustmentoftheeconomicstruonomicgrowthandemployment,thepressureonthe,fiscalandmonetarypoliciesfor2011shouldbeaimedatgraduallyrealizingtheirstabletransitionfromthefightagainstthecrisistotherolesplayedasregularpolicies,inmakingsubstantialprogressinthereadjymentThroughmorethan30yearsofsustainableandrapiddevelopment,the"primaryaspects",thechangefromexcessdependenceonexportandinvestmenttohigherdependenceonconsumptiongrowthandfromthedependenceonfastexpansionofthemanufacturingindustrytohigherdependenceonthegrowthoftheservicesectorwillinevitablyproduceimpactonthepaceoftheeconomicgro,inrecentyearstheurbanemploymenthasincreasedanannualaverageofapproximately4%,withthenumberofnewly-increasedjobsbeingequivalenttothatoffreshurbanandrurallaborsuppliesonthewhole,doptimizingtheeconomicstructureandimprovingthequalityoftheeconomicgrowthwhilemaintainingthegrowthatanecessaryspeedandshouldbeaimedatenergeticallyrespondingtonewcircumstancesandissuesarisingfromtheslowdownofthegrowthandthecontinuousriseofthelaborcostandmakheReadjustmentoftheEconomicStructureThedistortionofthepricesofresourcesandproductionfactorshasfailedtofullyreflectthescarcityandthemarketsupply-demandsituation,becomingaseriousobstacleagainstthereadjstrates,,thedepositratesinrealtermsarenegative,theinterestmarginbetweendepositsandloansisbiganditisformostpa,wecanconsiderraisingthedepositratesmoderatelyandshouldactivelyfacilitatetheformationofthemarke,onthebasisoffurtherstrengtheningthedifferentiatedexportrebatesandtariffs,wecanwidenthefluctuationofRMBexchangeratesproperlyandgivemoreplaytotherolesoftheexchangeratesinoptimizing,improvethepricingmechanismofnaturalgasandoilprontoExpandConsumptionBoostingthereformofthenationalincomedistributionsystemandincreasingthe:conscientiouslycarryingouttheLaborContractLaw,earnestlysafeguardingworkerslegitimaterightsandinterestsandreasonablyincreasingtheminimumwages;expeditingthetransferoflandinruralareas,facilitatingtheinnovationontransferandsubstitutionofhousesitesandenablingfarmerstoreasonablyshareearningsfromappreciationoflandvalue;activelyadvancingtheexperimentationoflevyingbuildingtaxesandintensifyingtheeffortsinadjustingthetaxesonpropertystockamonghigh-incomegroups;increasingtheratioofgovernmentexpenditureonpublicservicesandontransferpaymentforpeopleswell-beingtoaggregategovernmentexpenditureandfocusingmoreofthegovernmentspendingonofferingpublicproductsnandEmissionReductionDuringthe11thFive-yearPlanperiod,greatachievementshavebeenmadeinenergyconservationandemissionreductionandthemechanismfacilitatingtheenergyconservationandemissionreductionhasinitiallytakenshape,emissionreductionarestillhighlydependentonadministrativemanagementandthatdrawingonadministrativeorderandthesweepingapproachtocontrolenergyconsumptionhasgeneratedsomenegativeeffect,whichishardtocontinueandiseasyt,onthebasisofthemarketandaccordingtothedifferencesinresources,industrialstructuresanddevelopmentstagesofvariousregions,distributetargetsinafairerandmorereasonableway,activelyexploremechanismsconducivetorealizingthestructuraloptimization,technologicalprogressandgradualreductionofresourceconsumptionandpollutantdischargeandconstantlyconsolidateandenhancetheollowedbydifferentindustriesofvariouscountriesandgraduallysetuptheenergyconsumptionandemissionreductionrulesandregulationsforalltradesandprofessionstoputapremiumontheadvancedandweedoutthebackward;weshouldrelylessonadministrativemeasuresandshouldtakevictsWeshouldreasonablydividethepowerofexaminationandapprovalbetweenthecentralgovernmentandthelocalgovernmentsandlayemphasisongivingpdontheexaminationandverificationofthequalificationsforenvironmentalprotection,energyconsumption,safetyandqualitystandardandthetwo-waysupervision(Theprojectnotcominguptostandard,thegovernmentwillsupervisetheproject;theprojectcominguptostandardyetnotbeingapproved,theenterprisewillsupervisethegovernment)yproceedingfromthecapacitysizetobringtheconstructionofnewprojectsundercontrolwillsuppressthrdofinvestmentprojects....Ifyouneedthefullcontext,pleaseleaveamessageonthewebsite.Note:Dishiddeninordernottodisclosethedataaboutspecificenterprises.*islowerthan500,:USBureauofEconomicAnalysis:http:///.eswhentheyinvestintheUnitedStates,largeChineseenterprisesspecializinginforeigntradeandindustrialtrade,,someenterprisesbegantopurchasethebrandsandmarketingchannels,computermakerLenovopurchasedthepersonalcomputerbusinessoftheIBM,andtheQinchuanMachinerypurchasedtheUnitedAmericanIndustries,,it,whenHaierestablishedplantsintheUnitedStates,itsstrategicgoalwastogainafootholdintheUnite,wh,computer,chemical,bio-pharmacy,veforresearch,developmentandinnovation,ithasattractedChine,LenovoestablishedaresearchanddevelopmentlaboratoryintheSiliconValleyin1992inordertoordertoboostitstechnologicalstrengthinthefieldsofopticaltransmission,,suchastheCITIC,theytransferredproduction,WanxiangGrouppurchasedtheUSSchelerCompanyinthebeginningofthiscenturyandthentransferredtheproductionofallSchelerproductstoitsfactoryinChina,whileusingtheSchelerbrandtosellthemintheUnitedStates.99皇冠官网手机版重合同守信誉企业市级明星企业,ByChengGuoqiang,DevelopmentResearchCenteroftheStateCouncil(DRC)AgriculturewasoneofthemostdifficultissuesinthenegotiationforChinasentryintotheWorldTradeOrganization(WTO)andoneofthe,theevaluationoftheimpactimposedonChineseagricultureduringthe10yearssinceChinasentryinineseagricultureinthepastdecade,weanalyzedandidentifiedthebasicexperiencegainedfromtheopeningupofChineseagricultureandtheissuescallingforattentionduringtheprocess,andputforththestrategicdirectionandpolicyoptio:Openingup,GrowthandStructuralChangeChinasentryintotheWTOandtheexpandedopening-upofChineseagri,inthepastdecade,Chinahascontinuedtopushforwardtheopening-upofagricultureintermsofscopeanddepth;activelybuiltupthecapacityformakingcoordinateduseofboththedomesticandforeignmarketsandresources;strivedtoimprovetheoverallquality,operationefficiencyandmarketcompetencyofagriculture;andprovidestrongsupportandguaranteeforthenationalfoodsecurity,thesupplyofmajorfarmproducts,thesteadyandrapidgrowthofthenationaleconomy,:ernofagricultureInthepastdecadesinceChinasaccessiontotheWTO,%,lessthanaquarteroftheworldaverageof62%,makingChinaoneofthecountrieswiththelowesttariffsforfarmproductsintheworld1;compliedwiththecommitmentsconcerningtariffquotaadministration,adoptedimportcontrolanddomesticmarketmeasuresonkeyfarmproductssuchasgrainsandcotton,aswellasmeansofagriculturalproductionsuchasfertilizers2;cancelledsubsidiesforfarmproductexpor%.Meanwhile,Chinahasactivelyencouragedtheagriculturalintroductionandtheutilizationofforeigninvestment,andlaunchedprogramsinintegrateddevelopment,processingandcirculationoffarmproductsandtechnologicalRD,whichhaveplayedapositiveroleinpromotingthedevelopmentofmodernagriculture,upgradingthestructureofthefarmproductprocessingindustry,ricultureandtheestablishmentofanopen,fairandreasonableframeworkforinternationalandbilateralagriculturalcooperation;exploredandimplementedthe“goingglobal”,includingprivateones,areactiveinoverseasinvestment,andhavelaunchedagriculturaldevelopmentandcooperativeoperationinSoutheastAsia,AfricaandSouthAmerica,formingasustained,stableandr,soa,ChinahaspromotedbilateraltradeliberalizationwithASEANandNewZealand;fullyparticipatedintheDohaRoundnegotiationstofacilitatetheestabli,Chineseagriculturehasbasicallyintegratedintotheinternationaltradesystem,withitsopening-upbeingbroadenedanddeepened,rehensiveproductioncapacityimprovedcontinuouslyInthepasttenyearsaftertheaccessiontotheWTO,Chinahastakenactivemeasurestodealwiththeimpactoffiercemarketcompetition,frequenttradefrictions,theinternationalfinancialcrisisandtheextremelyvolatilemarketoffarmproducts;managedtoaddressthechallengesoftheriseofthecostsofagriculturalproduction,declineofcomparativeinterests,andfrequentnaturaldisasters;,%,1%%from1998to2001beforeChinasaccessiontotheWTO(Table1).Table1ChangeoftheChineseEconomicStructure(%)from1978to2010ByHouYongzhi,GaoShijiandLiuPeilin,ResearchTeamon"TheSystemofEvaluationIndicatorsforScientificDevelopment",DepartmentofDevelopmentStrategyandRegionalEconomy,theDRCResearchReportNo62,2012Establishingthescientificdevelopmentevaluationsystemanddesigningaseriesofmeasurableobjectiveandsubjectiveindicatorsreflectingtheessentialrequirementofthescientificoutlookondevelopmentisanimportantwaytopromotesubstantialchangeofthedevelopmentpatternandpropelscientificdevelopment,andalsoaneffortonfundamenta,onlyacceptedbysociety,,contradictionsofimba"people-centered,balancedandsustainable"development,wemust,basedontheoreticalanalysis,learnfromavailabledevelopmentevaluationmethodsbothathomeandabroad,toacceleratetheestablishmentoftheunitorsystemevaluatingscientificdevelopment,wemusthavemoreprofoundunderstandingabouttheconnotationofthescientificoutlookondevelopment,andtranslatethecore,essentialelements,,weregardscientificdevelopmentas"people-centered,efficient,fairandsustainable".developmentshndevelopmentfromaholisticperspectiveandbyconnectingtheprinciplethat"developmentisthetoppriority"andthefeatureof"beingpeople-centered,balancedinanall-aroundandsustainableway".Without"beingpeople-centered"asthecore,wecanhardlydistinguish"developmentisthetoppriority"fromdevelopmentalism,highlighttheuniquesocialistdevelopmentpatternwithChinesecharacteristics,nomicdevelopmentandthatdevelopmentisofparamountimportanceintodayeultimatepurposeofdevelopment,whichistocreateconditionsfortheultimaterealizationofthe"absoluteliberalizationofpeople"and"all-aroundfreedevelopmentofpeople","putting-peoplefirst",inthecurrentstage,workingisatoolforpeopletoearnaliving,ratherthantheprimarydemandoflife;therefore,wecanhardlyrealizethe"absoluteliberalizationofpeople",thescientificoutlookondevelopmentisanapproa,theeconomicgrowthrateshouldmaintainahighlevelinthelongrunsoastocontinuces,fasteconomicdevelopmentshouldbebasedontheoptimizedstructure,llymotivateallsocialmembersenthusiasm,initiative,creativityanddynamisminstartingupbusinesswithinnovation,byestablishingsystemsandmechanismsbasedonequalopportunities,rightsandrules,sothatthemassescanfullyparticipateintheprocessofindustrialization,urbanizationandm,minimumsecurityshouldbeprovidedtothoselosingthecapabilityofworkandthosetemporarilyinneedofassistanceduetobusinessorologicalprogressSustainabledevelopmentconcernstheequalitybetweengenerations,andthekeyforsustainabledevelopmentistobalancethelivin,torealizesustainabledevelopmentandleaveenoughresourcesandspaceforlivingforfuturegenerationsdoesnmToestablishtheindicatorsystemevaluatingthescientificdevelopment,weshould,firstofall,understandproblemsinChinasdevelopment,weaknessesandstrengthsofavailabletheoreticalexplorationandpracticalexperienceinestablishingthedevelopmentevaluationsystem,andthenformulatescientificandrationalprinciplestodesignthes,Ch,thisprogressisfarfrommeetingtherequirementofscientificdevelopment,asinsufficientimportanceisattachedtopeopleandthedevelopmentshouldbemoreefficient,,manyregionsanddeparspectsofdevelopment,someonlocaldevelopmentorspecificdepartments,andctedbyothercountriessuchasBhutan,theUKandAustraliaandrelevantinternationalinstitutionsincludingtheUnitedNations(UN),theOrganizationofEconomicCooperationandDevelopment(OECD),emofscientificdevelopment,butcannotbedirectlyusedtoevaluateChina:first,thereisnocleartheoreticalconnectionbetweenindicatorsselectedindomesticresearchandexplorationandthescientificoutlookondevelopment;second,thereisstillagapbetweenindicatorsselectedininternationalresearchandexplorationandChinakondevelopmentandbysummarizingexperiencesintheoreticalandpracticaleffortsbothathomeandabroad,thispaperherebyproposessomebasicideasandprinciplestodesigntheevaluationindicatorsystem.ByLiuShijin,DevelopmentResearchCenteroftheStateCouncil(DRC)ResearchReportNo237,2011HowlongcanChinamaintainitsgrowthmomentumafterexperiencinga30-year-longfastgrowthToanswerthisquestion,thefirstthi,,:whetherChinawillfallintotheso-called"middleincometrap".WhenChina"spercapitaGDPexceeds4,000dollarsatmarketexchangerateandwhenthecountryfacesdiversecontradictionsandchallenges,therearegrowingconcernsanddiscussionsonwhetherChinawillfallintothe"middle-levelincometrap".ItisagainstthisbackgroundthattheDevelopmentResearchCenteroftheStateCouncil(DRC)haslaunchedaresearchprojectentitled"SurmountingtheMiddle-LevelIncomeTrap".Whilereviewingthemajorviewsintheresearchfindings,,China",dicatorsrelatedtodozensofcountriesand,,whichrequiredpatience,seriousnessandprofessionalismandforwhichs,,shouldthedollaratcurrentpriceorthepurchasingpowerparitybeselectedEv,weselectedthelong-termeconomicgrowthdataofvariouscountriesdevelopedbyrenownedeconomichistorianAngusMad,thisdatasetcoversawidescopeand,thisdatasethasalsoprovent"SqueezedGrowth"Inthecourseofdataanalysis,wecarriedouvesuccessivelyenteredtheprocessofindustrialization.(1)Britain,theUnitedStatesandothercountriesthatdevelopedfirstandhavebeenontheforefrontoftechnology.(2)Thelate-comingEuropeancountriesthathavesuccessfullycaughtupwithtechnologically-frontiercountries.(3)TheemergingindustrializedcountriesandregionsinEastAsiathathavetappedlatecomeradvantages,realizedlong-termrapiddevelopmentandscoredsomeprogressininnovationdriving.(4)TheLatinAmericancountriesandsimilarSoutheastAsiancountriesthathadlongpursuedanimportsubstitutionstrategy,createdgrowthmiraclesbutlaterfallenintothe"middle-levelincometrap".(5)TheformerSovietUnionandEastEuropeancountriesthathadlongstucktoplannedeconomy,realizedrapidgrowthandalsooncefallenintothe"middle-levelincometrap".Thehistoryoftheabovecategoriesofcountriesandregionsinindustrialgrowthindicatesthatsomearepioneersandsomearelatecomersindifferentperiodsandthatsomelatecomersaresuccessful,"typicalfacts"insteadof"regularfacts"isthatwehaveobservedtherepeatabilityofthesefactsbutwearenotclearabouttheinhe"typicalfacts",wehavenoticedthefactofthe"squeezedgrowth",thelate-comingcountriesaccomplishedroughlythesame"workload",,inaccomplishingthesameeconomicgrowthtask,BritainandtheUnitedStatesusedabout100years,Japanused70years,SouthKoreaandotherEastAsianeconomiesused50years,andChina(orChina"sdevelopedareas)"squeezedgrowth""pressure""squeezedgrowth"arefullyreleased,,suchas"economictakeoff".Butnowweshouldfocusourattentionongrowthslowdownafterthefastgrowthcomestoaterminal,namelytheissueof"economicslowdown",andthecompletedescriptionandinterpretationoftheprocessofthe"squeezed",wehavenoticed"middle-levelincometrap".opeancountries,whichmostlywitnesseddrasticgrowthslowdowninthe1970s,canberegardedasanothertypeofcountriesfallingintothe"middle-levelincometrap".henplannedecon,growt"successfullychasing",Japan,,growthslowdownisasignofaneconomythathassuccessfullygonethroughtheper,,theyallappearedafteraperiodoffastgrowth(oragoldenperiodofgrowth).,thegrowthslowdownofthosefallingintothe"middle-levelincometrap"appearedinLatinAmericancountrieswhentheirpercapitaincomereached4,000~6,000internationaldollarsandintheformerSovietUnionandEastEuropeancountrieswhentheirpercapitaincomereached5,000~7,"successfulchasers",thegrowthslowdownappearedwhentheirpercapitaincomereachedabout11,"lossofspeed"whentheystillhadpotentialsforfastgrowth,thelatterexperienceditaftertheirpotentialsforf,theeconomiesfallingintothe"middle-levelincometrap",bothLatinAmericancountriesandtheformerSovietUnionandEastEuropeancountries,allhadsomemajordefectsintheirsystems,strategiesandpoliciesforindustrialization,suchastheclosedimportsubstitutionstrategyadoptedbyLatinAmericancountriesandthesystemofplanzation,theireco"successfulchasers"weresuccessful,,wedevelopeda"six-factor"modelandattemptedtogiveapreliminarydescriptionandinterpretationoftheseproblems.--Ananalysisofeconomicsituationin2011andprospectsfor2012DRCTaskForceonAnalysisofEconomicPerformanceInthecontextofabigpressureofdomesticpriceriseandthecontinuousinternationaleconomicupheaval,theCPCCentralCommitteeandtheStateCouncil,bykeepingtothesetmacro-control,policyinlightofactualeconomicperformancewithaforward-lookingmannerandseekingbalanceinpricecontrol,smoothgrowthandstructuralreadjustment,haveeffectivelycontainedtheexcessivel,theworldeconomicsituationin2012wouldbecomesophisticatedand,asbigcountriesliketheUnitedStates,Germany,FranceandRussiawouldhavegovernmentelection,sdomesticdemandisalsounderthepressureofslowdown,andlatentriskshaveincreasedinsuchfieldsastherealestatemarket,theinvestmentandfinentmonetarypolicy,weneedtointensifytheelasticityandflexibilityofmacroeconomicpolicies,furtherreleasethevitalityandpotentialsofmicro-subjects,endeavortowardoffandmitigatevarioussortsofrisks,activelyexpeditetheinstitutionalreformandstructuralreadjustmentandstrivetoachievesubstinningof2011,thegovernmenthas,astheprimarytask,,economicperfo%forthewholeyearAffectedbysuchfactorsastheweakeningbaseeffect,theimprovingmonetaryconditionsandthedecliningpricesofstaplecommodities,%inJuly,upbyabout5%,,thebroadmoney(M2)%,yearonyear,thenarrowmoney(M1)%,yearonyear,%,yearonyear,makingitpossibletorealizeassche,,theglobaleconomicgrowthhassloweddownevidently,plusriskavoidanceonthemarket,theUSdollarhasreboundedshortly,pricesof,thefoodpricesh,,slightlyatover9%Inthefirst8months,investmentinthemanufacturingindustryandinrealestatemarketgrewrapidly,yetgrowthofinvestmentinsuchinfrastructurefacilitiesascommunicationsandelectricalpowersloweddownevidently,andthefixedassetinvestmentgrewby25%.Asvehicleandhousing-relatedconsumptiongrowthdeclinedmarkedly,,theslowdownoftheworldeconomicgrowthhasnotyetproducedremarkableinfluenceoverChina,%.Itispredictedthattheyearlyexportswillgrowby20%,themoderatedeclineofthegrowthoftheaggregatedemandsince2011hasbeenmainlyaresultofactivecontrolthroughmacro-economicpolicies,whichisbeneficialtocontrolling%inthefirsthalfoftheyear,%.,%,yearonyear,%.,makin%,playinganactiveroleinstabilizingthegrowtho,theoverallimplementationoftherestrictionpolicyonhousingpurchaseandthecollectionofpropertytaxonapiloingplatformshascontainedtheever-growingcreditrisksandlocalfinancialrisksrelatedtolandandrealestatesectors,playinga,urbanandruralareasaswellasinternalandexternalmarketshasbeenimprovedEconomicdevelop,GDPof18provincesandregionsgrewbymorethan13%,,provincesandregionswhoseGDPgr,theriseofpricesoffarmproduceandtheimplementationofvariousagriculture-friendlypolicies,%inthefirsthalfof2011,bei%,positivechangeshavetakenplaceinChinasinternationalmarketsharehasincreasedanditsexportstodevelopingcountrieshaveaccountedformorethan50%.AndthenumberofChinastradesurplushasdecreased,%orso,andthebalancebetweenimportandexporthasimproved. 20108月通过ISO9001:2000国际质量管理。

    我公司以Figure2 ContributionofFoodPricestoCPIGrowthandtheContributionRatiosfromJanuarytoJune2011FromJanuarytoJune,thedrasticriseinpricesofpourefoodpricestofoodprices,%year-on-yearinthefirsthalfoftheyear,,%(%year-on-year,,%ofthefoodpricerise)offoodpricerise;%year-on-year,,%,thecontributionoftheriseinpricesofpoultryandre,thalfoftheyear,themonthlyhousingpricesallrosebymorethan6%,yearonyear,%,oditiesto,namely,,%,%%inJune(Figure3).、99皇冠官网手机版用户至上hong88线上网投FanJianjunRecently,whetherChinahasenteredintotheeraof"highinflation""highinflation",,theviewpointof"Chinaenteringintoaneraofstructuralinflation"seemsmoreaccuratet(ConsumerPriceIndex)orPPI(ProducerPriceIndex).Certainly,commoditiesinthebasket,thenwecansayanoverallinflationhastakenplaceintheeconomy;iftheriseofthepriceindexistriggeredbytheriseofthepricesofatypeorseveraltypesofcommoditiesinthebasket,,theresultindicatesthattherearesimplytwotypesofinflationintheworld:;whereasbothgeneralizedandstructuralinflationsoccurinemergingeconomiesordevelopingcountries,roughlydividedintooverallpricerisepossiblyincurredbytheexcessiveexpansionoftheaggregatedemandorbyexcessissueofmoneyandtheoverallpricerisepossiblredbytheexcessiveexpansionofthenominalaggregatedemand,ortriggeredbyexcessissueofmoney,then,,,oneo%~70%andthefundsoutstandingforforeignexchangeconstituteabout30%~40%.Duetothebiggerratioofbankloan,thepeoplesbankusuallyreducesloanstocurbtheexcessiveexpansionofmoney,whilelittleattentionhasbeenpaidtothefundsoutstandingforforeignexchangeproportioning30%~40%.Theresultofsuchcontrolovertheaggregatedemandisthatalthoughthenominalaggregatedemandcanbecontainedtoacertainextent,thecontrolwillalsoseverelyimpairtheactualaggregatesupply--whichisthemajorissueexistinginChinaroduction,andthereductionofinvestmentsignifiesthedeteriorationofthefuturepotentialcapacityoftotalcommoditysupply,the,foracountrylikeChinawhosefundsoutstandingforforeignexchangearehandsome,ifthepriceriseistriggeredbytheexcessiveexpansionofthenominalaggregatedemand,thenthepolicyaimedatcontainingnominalaggregatedemandshouldbefocusedoncontrollingtheexcessivelyrapidgrowthoffsfamoussaying"inflationiswheneverandwhereveramonetaryphenomenon"iswidelyknowninChina,mostthinkinf,theChinesegovernmenthasalwayspaidmuchattentiontothecontrolovernominalaggregatedemand(namely,themoneysupply),timesincetheoutbreakofAsianfinancialcrisisin1997,exceptfortherapidgrowthofthebroadmoneyM2in2009forthereasonofaddressingtheglobalfinancialcrisis,theM2growthinotheryearshasallbeencontrolledunder20%(15%~16%inmostoftheyears).ForChina,acountryundergoingitseconomictransformationandwithitsaverageeconomicgrowthratereachingmorethan10%,scontroloverthenominalaggregatedemand(moneysupply)hasbeengenerallysuccessfulinrecenttenyears,Chin(nominalaggregatedemand),butitalsorelatestocommodities(actualaggregatesupply),andthatwhenexcessmoneychasesafterlimitednumberofcommodities,"inflationiswheneverandwhereveramonetaryphenomenon"iscorrectinitself,,theChinesegovernment,whenimplementingcontroloverinflation,haspaidtoomuchattentiontothecontrolovernominalaggregatedemandormoneysupply,withlittleattentionpaidtothecontroloveractualaggregatesupply——Chinasmacroeconomicpolicyhasevenbeenlittleorientedtowardthecontroloveraggregatesupply,whereasproblemsexistingincontrolove,evenifthenominalaggregatedemandremainsstable,relatedtoimpropercontroloveraggregatesupply(ratherthanimpropermonetarycontrol),itscommoditysupplycomesfromtwosources:domesticproductionandnetimportsfromoverseas(whichmightbenegative).Therefore,controloveraggregatesupplyshouldincludetheaforesaidtwoaspects.ByWuZhenjun,ResearchTeamon"PoliciesforYunnanDevelopmentofAgriculture,FarmersandRuralAreas"ofDRCResearchReportNo32,oductsBygivingplaytothecharacteristicsoftheresourcesandadvantagesoftheproductivebasesofitsdifferentregions,theprovinceofYunnanhasgivenscashcropsreached42millionmuin2010(15mumakeonehectare)andanoverallarrangementofrawmaterialbasesofcompetitiveagriculturalprod,theprovincehascementedandenhanceditscompetitiveindustrieswithtraditionalcharacteristics,suchastobacco,,,000tons,rank,~~20milliontons,withboththecultivatedareaandtheoutputmakingup16%orsoofthenationaltotal,,,%ofthenationaltotal,rankingtopinthecountry,andtheteaoutputhadreached207,000tons,%ofthenationaltotal,,theprovincehasacceleratedthed,thecultivatedareaofflowersinYunnanreached581,000mu,rankingfirstinthecountry,andtheoutputoffreshcutflowersrankedtopinthecountry,,thecultivatedareaofcoffeeinYunnanreached646,000mu,withaproductionof49,000tons,makingupmorethan99%and98%recentyears,thenumberofleadingenterprisesofagricultureindustrializationhasincnhavebeenbroughtupandtheg,thenumberofleadingenterprisesofagricultureindustrializationreached2012inYunnanandthenumberofvariouskindsoffarmproduceprocessingenterprisesabovethedesignatedsizereached1,omeinvolvedindistinctiveandcompetitiveindustries,fosteringenterpriseclusterswithdistinguishingfeatures,theto,344foreignenterprisesandover400enterprisesfromotherprovinceshavecometoYunnanforcultivation,breedingandprocessingofagriculturalproducts,whichwillfurtherpromotetheoveralllevelofthelorganizationlevelThenumberoffarmersprofessionalco-operativeorganizationshasincreasedrapidlyinYunnaninrecentyears,,thenumberoffarmersprofessionalco-operativeorganizationswidelyscatteredinvariousagriculturalindustries,suchastobacco,sugarandcoffee,hadincreasedto10,,,thenumberoffarmersprofessionalcooperativesregisteredatindustrialandcommercialauthoritieshadincreasedto7,lightoftheguidingprincipleof"VigorousGovernmentMotivation,CorrectMarketGuidance,ImpetusbyLeadingEnterprisesandActiveParticipationbyFarmers",theprovinceofYunnanhasdevotedmajoreffortstostartingtheconstructionofagriculturalstandardizationsyste,Yunnanhadformulatedandpromulgatedatotalof1,152localagriculturalstandardsandcriteria,,Yunnanhasconstructedatotalof134standardizationdemonstrationprojects,chcompetitiveanddistinctiveagriculturalindustriesascoffee,silkworm,flowers,youngforestplantsandspiceoil,,Yunnandevelopedatotalof4,658tobaccocooperativesand240,000productionhouseholds,,%oftheprovincialtotal,andrealized100%,suchprefecturesandmunicipalitiesasLincang,Dehong,PuerXishuangbannaandWenshanofYunnanhavevigorouslydevelopedsugarcanecultivationvillagesandteams,,,with57cultivationvillagesand154teamsbuilt,ofwhich,,coveringanareaof434,000mu,%.sputfortheffortstoadvancetheconstructionofthefarmproducecirculationmarket,improvedthemarketservicefunctions,initiallysetupthemodernfarmproducecirculationplatform,enhancedtheefficiencyoffarmproducecirculationandresolved,toacertainextent,thedifficultyfacingfarmers,cooperativesandagriculturalenterprisesinmarket"buyingandselling".Firstly,,Yunnanhassetupanaccumulativetotalof15,,Yunnanhadsetup213,000ruralcommercialnetworksunderthecountyleveland2,600farmersmarketshavebeenlistedasthestate-level"Double-HundredMarketProjects"(therenovationof100large-scaleagriculturalproductswholesalemarketsandthecultivationof100agriculturalenterprisesforcirculation-notesaddedbythetranslator).Yunnanhasinitiallyformedthemarketsystemwithwholesalemarketsplayingtheleadingrole,regionalmarketsasthemainstay,urbanandruraltrademarketsasthebasisandlarge-,,rmproducecold-chainsystem,theretraceablequalitysafetysystem,logisticsanddistributioncenters,inspectionandtestingcenters,safetymonitoringcenters,sewageandwastetreatmentcenters,,Yunnanha,thecommercialdepartmentsofYunnanhaveactivelyorganizedandstartedtheconnectionofagriculturalproductswithsupermarkets,enablingmorefarmproducecirculationenterprises,farmersco-operativeorganizationsandsupermarketstoparticipateintheaforesaidconnection,soastoimprovetheefficiencyinfarmproducecirculation.ByXiangAnbo,ResearchTeamon"StudyofGovernment-CorporateRelationsofStrategicEmergingIndustries",theEnterpriseResearchInstituteofDRCResearchReportNo6,2011TheoverallperformanceofChinasInternetofThingsisgood,,enterprisesdonothavematurecommercialmodels,,,governmentandenterprisesshouldworktogethertocultivatemassmarketdemand,developkeytechnologies,establishtechnologyandapplicationstandards,buildsupportinginfrastructures,protectinformationsecurityandprivacy,andpromotecooperationbetweenindustry-relatedregulatorydepartmentsandcoordinationbetweenenterprises,,improvinggovernment-corporaterelationsandformingadevelopmentpatternthatfeaturesgovernmentpromotion,corporateinitiativeandgovernment-cor,countriesaroundtheworldpaymuchattentionto,astheInternetofThingsofferscomprehensiveperception,reliabletransmissionandintelligenthandling,itcanensurehumanbeingstohaveatechnologicalbasisforthereal-timecontrol,,theInternetofThingscanberegardedasapenetrationoftheInternetintorealeconomy,whoseindustrialchainincorporatesmoreupstreamanddownstreamparticipantsandwidensth,,theInternetofThingsisahighlandforthefuturecompetitionbetweenvariouscountriesinthefiel,theInternetofThingsisalsoabosnewindustrializationprocessanericaninthefieldofInternetofThingsapplicationresearches,ry,andcitieslikeBeijing,Shanghai,,severalInternetofThingsindustrialalliancesarebeingformedinChina,andth,therelevantauthoritiesshouldpaymuchattention,observethelawsofindustrialandtechnologicaldevelopment,associatedwithChinasInternetofThingsdevelopmentInthecourseofrapiddevelopmentofInternetofThings,theenterprisesinChinaalsofacesomechallenges,whichcannsInternetofThingsindustryisstillintheinitial,inadequateunderstandingandhighapplicationc,Chinashouldchangeitsoldmindsetandpractice,giveequalemphasistobothdemandandsupplyends,tapthepotentialoftheChinesemarket,andcultivatsthathavepracticalfunctionsandcancreatevalues,andtoinnovatecommercialmodelssothattheInternetofThingsenterprisesinChinacanboostthe,theInternetofThingsasastrategicemergingindustryhasthe,whenthereisnoeffectiveinterest-sharingmechanism,Internetoperatorsandothercorporateoligarchsmayabusetheirmonopolisticpowerstopreventfair,thegovernmentshouldstrengthenplanning,regulationandcoordinationforInternetofThingsdevelopmentsoastoeffectivelybalanceandharmonizetheinterestsofdifferentparties,encouragetheircooperation,,stabilizingqualityanden,Chinastillhasnounifiedstandards,integration,deploymentandmaintenanceandtodevelopemergingindustriesandalsoanintelligence-basedinfrastructureforChinato,,thegovernmentshouldmakeproperinvestmentatapropertimeorencouragethethreemajortelecomoperators,cableoperatorsandrelated,thegovernmentshoulduseinvestmentandothermeasurestobuildpublicoperatingandserviceplatformsandatthesametimeguideenterprisestomakeinvestmentinbuildingapplicationplatformsthatwillserverelevantindustries.、DVORByLiZuojun,ResearchInstituteofResourcesandEnvironmentPoliciesofDRCResearchReportNo74,2012Sincetheimplementationofreformandopening-uppolicy,the"lowcostcompetitiveadvantage"hasalwaysbeenapower,theChineseeconomyhasenteredthe"highcostera"ngenvironmentofeconomicgrowthandactivelymeetthechallengeofthe"highcostera"."HighCostEra",,withtherapidadvancementofindustrializationandurbanization,%%,,withtherapideconomicgrowththerebytheChineseCitiesLandPriceDynamicMonitoringSystem,,212yuaninthefirstquarterin2005to3,,residential,andindustrialusewentuprespectivelyfrom2,006yuanpersquaremeter,1,184yuanpersquaremeter,and482yuanpersquaremeter,inthefirstquarterof2005to5,654yuanpersquaremeter,4,518yuanpersquaremeter,,,withtherapiddevelopmentofprocessingmanufacturinginChina,thedemandsforr02and2009,itsustainedthepaceofgrowthandincreasedeveryyearcompare,thepurchasingpriceindicesofrawmat%%%,%,%thanthoseinthepreviousyearsrespectivelyin2004,2006,(Taketheyear-on-yeardataas100)Figure2GlobalAcreagesofMainGMCropCultivation1996~2009(millionhectares)Source:CliveJames,companiesaredominatingagro-biotechnologies,anddevelopedcountriesaredomi,morethan70%ofinsectresist,Bayer,Vanguard,(oneofthemostimportantinsectresistantgenes)whichhasbeenauthorizedbyChina,%ofweedkillerresistantgenesarecontrolledbyMonsanto,Bayer,,,theglobalmarketshareoftheworldtop10seedcompaniesrosefrom37%in1996to57%,Monsanto,DuPont-Vanguard,SyigentaandBayertogetheraccountedfor41%,theworldslargestseedcompany,nowdominatesthemarketsofsoybean,maize,rape,sPolicyonGMFCommercializationSincethe1990s,theChinesegovernmenthasbeencautiousaboutthecommercializationofGMcropsandespeciallythemainfoodcropssuchasrice,,ChinapromulgatedtheRegulationsontheAdministrationof,ChinahasformallyapprovedthecommercialproductionofGMcotton,tomato,sweetpepper,petunia,,"foodcrisis",however,China,theexecutivemeetingoftheStateCouncilexaminedandapprovedinprincNovember2008aga,theMinistryofAgricultureapprovedthesafetycertificateforthreeGMvarieties,namelytwoGMricevarieties(Huahui-1andBtShanyou-63)andoneGMmaizevariety(BVLA430101).Thethreevarietiesmaygoforcommercialproductionafterobtainingthecertificateofvarietyapproval,,thePartyCentralCommitteesaidcommercializationofnewGMvarietieswouldbepromote,thepolicyonmainGMFvarietiesislikelytoswitchfromsGMFCropCommercializationThefirst-biotechnologyindustry,ssoonaspossibletoacceleratethedevelopmentofChinagncapitalcontroloverChinasseedindustryandbeharmfultothedevelopmentofChinaecologicalenvironmentandhumanhealth....Ifyouneedthefullcontext,pleaseleaveamessageonthewebsite.LiZhijunTheCPCCentralCommitteeandtheStateCouncilhave,basedonthestates863Program,973Program,theProgramfortheStudyandIndustrializationofGeneticallyModifiedPlants,andtheProgramfortheIndustrializationofNewandHighTechnologies,theexecutivemeetingoftheStateCouncildeliberatedandapprovedinprincipletheim,progresshasbeenmadeinthecultureofnewtransgenicvarieties,thecloningofnewgenes,transgenictechnology,bio-safetytechnology,andtheindustrializationofthesetechnologiesthroughcontinuedeffort,theStateCouncilissuedPoliciesforAcceleratingtheDevelopmentofBio-industry,inwhichitsetforwardtheconceptof"acceleratingthebuildingofbio-industryintoapillarhi-techindustryandoneofthestatesstrategicemergingindustries".:"Continuetocarryoutimportanttechnologicalprogramsforcultivatingnewtransgenicvarieties;acceleratethedevelopmentoffunctionalgenesandnewbiologicalvarietieswithhighpracticalvalueandproprietaryintellectualpropertyrights;promotetheindustrializationofnewtransgenicvarietiesonthebasisofscientificevaluationandadministrationaccordingtolaw."Effortsarebeingintensifiedandthelegalsystemrefinedfortheprotectionoftheintellectualproperty(IP)ofChinawing:Article25ofthePatentLaw;afewsectionsintheStateIntellectualPropertyOffices"GuidelinesforExamination";RegulationsonAgriculturalTransgenicBio-safety;theStateCouncilinJune2008andthePoliciesforAcceleratingtheDevelopmentofBio-industrydistributedbytheGeneralOfficeoftheStateCouncil,whichcontainexplicitrulesonreinforcingbio-safetyandIPprotection,,themainproblemsinthisrespectare:imperfectlegislation,whichisdisjointedandonalowlevel;inadequatemacro-coordinationbetweendepartmentsandweaklawenforcement;insufficiantstrategicmoveforboostingagriculturethroughscientificandtechnologicaladvancesTransgenictechnology,whichisessentialtomodernbiotechnology,isknownas"oneofthemajortechnologiesappliedmostrapidlyinhumanhistory".Touseittocultivatehigh-yield,high-quality,multiresistantandefficientnewvarietiescanreducetheinputofpesticidesandfertilizersandisverymeaningfulforeasingtheresourceconstraints,protectingecologicalenvironment,improvingthequalityofproducts,ationoftransgen,enthusiasticallyfollowedbydevelopingcountries,havedesignatedtransgenictechnologyasastrategicfocusforseizingthefuturecommandingpositionofscienceandtec,genomics,andinformationsciencehasspurredtherapidprogressoftransgenic;newgenes,propertiesandproductsareconstantlyemerging;,newtransgenicvarietiesaroundtheworldaretransformingfromfirst-generationproductssuchaspest/herbicide-resistantvarietiestosecond-generationproductswithbetternutritionandhigheryieldsandthird-generationproductssuchasindustrialproducts,medicine,,th,typicallysoybeans,cotton,maizeandrape,(1mu=1/15ha.)esolutiontotheconstraintsoffarmland,waterandotherresources,tonationalfoodsecurity,antstrategygearedtofutureglobalcompetitionandthespecializationofindustries,andavitalapproachtoensuringnationalfoodsecurity;itisalsoamajordevelopmentstrategyforboostingagriculturethroughscientificandtechnologicalaecultivationofnewtransgenicvarieties,trytoseizetheeconomicandtechnologicalcommandingposition,andacceleratethestudyandapplicationoftransgenictechnology,inordertoprovidescientificandtechnologicalsupportforthesustainabledevelopmentofChinaIPoftransgenictechnologyFirst,thedevelopmentoftransgenictechn,transgenictechnologyhasamajorimpactontraditionalIPintermsofthesubjects,objects,tationduringimplementationmakesitdifficultattransgenictechnologycombinesthepartialgenesofmicroorganisms,plants,animals,ande,takingadvantageofloopholesinWTOlegislation,somedevelopedcountriesrestricttransgenicbio-productswithgreenbarriers,fthelackofafinalconclusionaboutthesafetyofgeneticallymodifiedorganisms(GMOs)intheinternationalcommunitya,certainrestrictionso,regardingthedevelopmentoftransgenictechnology,developedcountrieshavepowe,thebiodiversityresourcesindevelopingcountriesareyettobeeffectivelelatedAspectsofIntellectualPropertyRightshasbroughtaboutanunprecedenteddevelopmentandunificationoftheglobalIPregime,buttheglobalgeneticresourcesprotectionsystembuiltaroundtheConventiononBiologicalDiversityhasjustbeenlaunchedandislessenforceablethantheAgreement,hencetheglobalsituationofthes,developedcountriesvoraciouslypreyonandtakecontrolofthegeneticresourcesofdevelopingcountries,developnewvarietiesofcropswithadvancedtechnology,applyforpatentprotection,andgainhugeprofitsbysellingtheresultstodevelopingcountriesaspatentedtechnologiesandfruitsathighprices.。

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